2014: 75th Year of Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium Historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

75th Anniversary of America's 5th Major Planetarium: Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium

The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science / Buhl Science Center - 1939 October 24 to 1991 August 31
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center - 1991 October 5 to Present
Quick History

History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.

A project of Friends of the Zeiss

Photo
of Buhl Planetarium in Allegheny 
Square, Pittsburgh

The Buhl Planetarium
and Institute of
Popular Science:
A City Designated
Historic Structure

protected by the
Historic Review
Commission of
Pittsburgh
.

Zeiss II Projector:
Oldest Operable
Major
Planetarium
Projector
in the World !

(Exhibit-only
display at
Carnegie Science Ctr.
)

Photo
Zeiss II Planetarium Projector in Theater of the Stars of Buhl Planetarium in Allegheny 
Square



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Poem: Me and Buhl Planetarium by Ann Curran

General
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Album

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Observatory

Institute &
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Building
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Buhl Alumni &
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Bios: Building
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Other
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) -
Astronomy and Other Sciences

Planetarium Computer Program
Stellarium
Free open-source planetarium software for
download to your computer (43.5 Megabytes).
It shows a realistic sky in 3D, just like what
you see with the naked-eye, binoculars or a telescope.

Citizen Science
Projects

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse:
Tips For Safe Viewing

Quick-Reference Page - Science Including

Astronomy, Earth,
& Space Sciences

Current Weather
Info & Maps

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& Calendars

Health &
Medical Info

History of Science
& Technology

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Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss!

Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
This Internet Web Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc > *** Electronic Mail: < Jake@planetarium.cc >
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NEWS: Planetarium, Astronomy/Sky Events, Space, Science; PRECISE TIME, WEATHER
ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR: Current Month

Precise Time: * AFTER first visit: click link & "REFRESH" for updated time.

Eastern Time
(Continual)

U.S.A. Time
Zones & UTC
*

10,000 Year
Calendar

Current Sky Events &
Astronomical Phenomena

Moon Phases:
Today
This Month
Next 27 Days

Space Weather * Sunspots
Aurora * Radio Propagation

This Week: Sky at a Glance
Current Visibility: Celestial Objects, Satellites
For Pittsburgh (From Heavens-Above)

Other Satellite Flybys
Tracking: International Space Station

Pittsburgh - Current Day:

Sun Rise & Set Times

Moon Rise & Set Times

Weather - Current:

Severe
Weather

Temperature & Conditions

Forecast

Maps

UV Index
Pgh. * U.S.A.

Air Quality
Index

Pollen Count
& Mold

Marine: Rivers * Lake Erie * Atlantic Ocean

Original Buhl Planetarium "Weather Bureau" exhibit

See an Unexplained Object in the Sky?
Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss!

Browser problems with Astro-Calendar: Calendar Archives

CURRENT NEWS:

Buhl Planetarium / Friends of the Zeiss

Astronomy, Space, and other Sciences


Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related News

Current
Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss
Related On-going Issues

Current
Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss
Related News

Newly-Created Web Pages on History of Buhl Planetarium
and Friends of the Zeiss Web Sites

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

SpaceWatchtower Blog

FOTZeiss: Mail-Group 1 (Venus2) * Archives ** Mail-Group 2 (VenusTransit) * Archives

Current Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related Issues


* "Fall Arts Preview: Head out and have fun at these Pittsburgh places."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 Sept. 9.
CARNEGIE SCIENCE CENTER
One Allegheny Ave., North Side. 412-237-3400
EXHIBITS: Astronomy Exhibits in Buhl Digital Planetarium lobby -- Newton's Hockey, Hologram Planets,
Planetary Weights (opens Oct. 7); Zeiss Model II Star Projector Exhibit -- Historical
Zeiss planetarium projector from the original Buhl Planetarium and interactive exhibits (ongoing);
Miniature Railroad & Village (opening Nov. 20); If a Starfish Can Grow a New Arm, Why Can't I? --
Exhibit focuses on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (ongoing).
* Smith, Pohla. "Star projector returns to the spotlight at Pittsburgh's science center."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 July 14.
* Smith, Pohla. "Facts about the Zeiss Model II Star Projector."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 July 14.
* Walsh, Glenn A. "Zeiss II Projector Exhibit at CSC." Electronic Mail Group Message.
Friends of the Zeiss Mail-Group 2010 July 10.
* "Zeiss Star Projector shines in new exhibition at Science Center."
The South Pittsburgh Reporter 2010 July 6.
* Mitchell, Ellen. "Old Buhl Planetarium's projector still draws fans."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2010 July 2: B3.
* Walsh, Glenn A. "Zeiss Projector Exhibit Opens at CSC." Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2010 July 1.
* "Old Star Projector Part of Science Center Exhibit." Video News Report.
KDKA-TV 2, Pittsburgh 2010 July 1.
(Search KDKA-TV 2 video library, at this link, using search terms "star projector".)
* "Carnegie Science Center PRESENTS Iconic Zeiss Star Projector
in New Historic Exhibition."
News Release.
The Carnegie Science Center 2010 June 30.
Display of historic Buhl Planetarium Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, in Carnegie Science Center
Atrium Gallery, begins 2010 July 1.

McCoy, Adrian. "Home sweet home: Things to do locally this summer."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 May 14.
"The Zeiss projector enchanted generations of kids on field trips to the original Buhl Planetarium.
The Zeiss is moving to its new home at the Carnegie Science Center, where visitors can learn about
the history of this planetarium projection technology...
"CARNEGIE SCIENCE CENTER
One Allegheny Ave., North Side. 412-237-3400.
EXHIBITS: Zeiss Exhibit -- The Zeiss II Star Projector from the original Buhl Planetarium
moves to its new home in the Science Center Atrium, along with interactive exhibits that
highlight the technology used at the time (opens in July);..."

Walsh, Glenn A. "Zeiss to be Reassembled: Science Center Announcement." News Release.
Friends of the Zeiss 2009 Aug. 18.
Friends of the Zeiss statement regarding Carnegie Science Center announcement
that historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector would be reassembled as exhibit, to be
displayed in Carnegie Science Center atrium by late 2010.

Huge Robot Exhibit To Prevent Display of Zeiss II Planetarium Projector

On 2008 April 9, Carnegie Science Center officials announced a new permanent
exhibit, "RoboWorld," will be installed in what was used as space for traveling exhibits
on the second floor of the Science Center. When completed, the exhibit "will be the
largest and most comprehensive robotics exhibit anywhere in the nation," said Science
Center Director Joanna Haas. The exhibit will include Carnegie Mellon University's
Robot Hall of Fame.

In 2002, Science Center officials had promised the City of Pittsburgh that some of this
second floor space, near the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium (now also known as the
Buhl Digital Dome)
, would be used for a "Final Frontier" exhibit, which would include
display of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor,
the oldest, operable major planetarium projector in the world prior to its 2002
October dismantling. Also included in the "Final Frontier" exhibit was to be another original
Buhl Planetarium artifact, the large Mercator's Projection Map of the World, which was considered
the world's largest such map when first installed at the 1939-1940 World's Fair in
New York City.

The "Final Frontier" exhibit, which was not supposed to be dependent on the
proposed $90 million expansion project which was cancelled in May of 2003, has never
been developed. Nor has there been any word about the future of this proposed exhibit,
which was a major reason why the City of Pittsburgh permitted the Science Center to
remove the Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor and the large
Mercator's Projection Map of the World from the original Buhl Planetarium building.
Now it seems this large, new, permanent robotics exhibit will preclude the ability to
install the "Final Frontier" exhibit next to the
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium.

Friends of the Zeiss has always contended that the best place for the historic
Buhl Planetarium artifacts is the original Buhl Planetarium building, the only place
(due to custom-construction of the building) where the Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor and the
10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope can be fully unitlized
to teach science to children visiting the Children's Museum.

* "Zeiss projector restoration."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2002 Dec. 30.
Regarding proposed "Final Frontier" exhibit.

McCoy, Adrian. "Science Center's 'roboworld' displays real and famous robots in traveling exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 June 14.

Baillie, Ronald J. and Ann M. Metzger.
"Robots R Us, Robotics play a key role in Pittsburgh's present and future." Op-Ed.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 June 10.
Ronald J. Baillie and Ann M. Metzger are co-directors of The Carnegie Science Center.

Machosky, Michael. "Carnegie Science Center adds Roboworld to permanent exhibits."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 June 10.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 April 29.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny Regional Asset District. 2008 April 28.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Graham, Francis. " Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Letter. To City and County Public Officials. 2008 April 24.

* "CMU'S ROBOT HALL OF FAME."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 April 19.
* Templeton,, David. "Robots coming to life in 2009 exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 April 10.
* Houser, Mark. "Roboworld could cement 'Burgh as robotics capital."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 10.
* Houser, Mark. "Robot exhibit coming to Carnegie Science Center."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2008 April 9.
* "Carnegie Science Center will open comprehensive robotics exhibition."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 7.
* Houser, Mark. "CMU at forefront in building thinking machines."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* "What is artificial intelligence?."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* "Will A.I. work lead to robots taking over the world?"
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* Houser, Mark. "Robots do a little networking."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 9.


* 2008 Feb. - Recent News of Controversy Regarding "Bodies...the Exhibition"
at The Carnegie Science Center,

Including claims of use of bodies of Chinese political prisoners
by the ABC-TV news show "20/20."

* NASA Space Shuttle Atlantis Mission STS-122 Updates Click Here --
Mission STS-122 commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick, who was inspired by
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Walsh, Glenn A. Letters-to-the-Editor:
"About my views." (Last letter of six letters on web page)
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 March 29.
Response to letter-to-the-editor personal attack,
regarding both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium,
published in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 1.
Original, more detailed response was e-mailed to the
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 5.

* Demko, David and Kimmel, Joan. "Belated opposition," Letters-to-the-Editor
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Jan. 1
(Fifth letter of seven on web page)
Glenn A. Walsh Reply (to Pittsburgh Post-Gazette by electronic mail)
to Personal Attack in "Belated opposition" Letter-to-the-Editor,

Regarding BOTH Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

***

* 2007 Sept. 21 - PAT will purchase and raze Carnegie Science Center
warehouse where historic Buhl Planetarium artifacts are currently in storage.

PAT plans to pay $5 million for the Science Center Warehouse Building
(formerly Miller Printing Company), across the street from The Carnegie Science
Center, which includes the popular SportsWorks exhibit, to build an elevated
"Allegheny Station" Light Rail Transit station (part of subway expansion
to the North Side).

Also, housed, in this warehouse building, are several historic pieces of equipment
and artifacts
from Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular
Science
, including the Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, the oldest operable major
planetarium projector in the world !!!

***
* 2007 July 21 - Allegheny Square Plaza Rehabilitation Proposals
Earlier known as Diamond Square and Ober Park, Allegheny Public Square
is the site of the original town square of Allegheny City, in front of the
original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science and caddy-corner to America's
first publicly-funded Carnegie Library, Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny.
** GIANT SUNDIAL SCULPTURE
** RESTORATION OF HISTORIC ASTRONOMICAL INSCRIPTION, FROM THE BIBLE,
ORIGINALLY ON BUHL PLANETARIUM'S EAST EXTERIOR WALL

** ALLEGHENY SQUARE FOUNTAIN AND AMPHITHEATER

***

* 2007 Dec. 27 - NOTICE:
Pittsburgh City Council votes to allow abandonment of America's first publicly-funded
Carnegie Library
, Allegheny Regional Branch, The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
(formerly Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny), next-door to Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
.

***
2007 - 2008 - News of Controversy Regarding 2007-2008 Exhibit
of Human Cadavers at The Carnegie Science Center
Carnegie Science Center Education Division employee Elaine Catz resigned
her employment due to unanswered questions regarding a traveling exhibit
of human cadavers, from China, which will be displayed in The Carnegie
Science Center for a seven-month run beginning in 2007 October. In the early
1990s, The Carnegie Science Center sold-off Buhl Planetarium's human
anatomy exhibit/presentation, " Transpara the Talking Glass Lady," to be used for
spare parts for a similar exhibit at the Health Museum of Cleveland.

***
* 2007 - 2008 - News Related to Casino Development Next to Carnegie Science Center --
Carnegie Science Center has complained that light from new casino,
which will be next-door to Science Center, might harm viewing at
Science Center's rooftop observatory. In Summer of 2007, an agreement
was reached, which assures continued use of the Science Center observatory.

* Latest news on construction of subway link to serve Pittsburgh's Lower North Side
(where industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie grew-up),
including original Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny (nation's first
publicly-funded Carnegie Library), Carnegie Hall (world's first Carnegie Hall),
and original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Also:
* News Regarding Pittsburgh Public Transit Agency's (PAT) Service Cuts Effective 2007 June 17,
Fare Increase Effective 2008 January 1.

***

Current Buhl Planetarium / Friends of the Zeiss-Related News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

SpaceWatchtower Blog

FOTZeiss: Mail-Group 1 (Venus2) * Archives ** Mail-Group 2 (VenusTransit) * Archives

Skirtich, Ed. "Science Center train exhibit reaches milestone."
The Northside Chronicle On-Line, Pittsburgh 2014 Dec. 11.
The 60th anniversary of the Miniature Railroad and Village in Pittsburgh includes a scale-model of the original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building.

"SCIENCE CENTER TO HOST WEEKEND OF TRAIN-THEMED FUN." News Release.
Carnegie Science Center 2014 Dec. 3.
All of this is in addition to the beloved Miniature Railroad & Village® with its newest feature, the Buhl Planetarium;
a mini-railroad and village around the holiday tree in the main lobby; and dozens of historic model train artifacts from
Lionel’s private collection.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Planetarium Scale-Model Joins Miniature Railroad and Village." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Nov. 27.
For the 75th anniversary of Buhl Planetarium, the 2014 opening of the Miniature Railroad and Village at The Carnegie
Science Center includes a scale model of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building.

"DEC. 4 – PUBLIC VIEWING, VIA WEB-CAST, OF 1st NASA TEST LAUNCH
OF NEW ORION DEEP-SPACE VEHICLE AT MT. LEBANON PUBLIC LIBRARY."
News Release.
Friends of the Zeiss 2014 Nov. 24.

Gormly, Kellie B. "Carnegie Science Center adds legendary Buhl Planetarium to railroad village."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2014 Nov. 20.

Carnegie Science Center added 3 new photos on Facebook Facebook Micro-Blog Post.
Carnegie Science Center 2014 Nov. 19.
A scale model of the original building of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
is added to other scale models of Pittsburgh historic structures on the platform of the Miniature Railroad and Village,
which started display at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium in 1954 and now is displayed at Pittsburgh's Carnegie
Science Center.

"BUHL PLANETARIUM BUILDING TO BE UNVEILED IN MINIATURE RAILROAD ." News Release.
Carnegie Science Center 2014 Nov. 17.

Radio Interviews (2) of Glenn A. Walsh Regarding the 75th Anniversary of Buhl Planetarium -
* "Preview: Buhl Planetarium 75th Anniversary." The Saturday Light Brigade / Neighborhood Voices.
WRCT-FM 88.3 Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh (and network of 5 Western Pennsylvania and
Eastern Ohio college radio stations) 2014 Oct. 25.
Radio interview occurred in the studios of The Saturday Light Brigade, located in Bowdish Gallery of
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building.
* "Wednesday Rundown: Celebrating the Birthday of the Original Buhl Projector." Essential Pittsburgh.
WESA-FM 90.5 Pittsburgh 2014 Oct. 22.

Walsh, Glenn A. "75th Anniversary of America's 5th Major Planetarium." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Oct. 24.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Solar Eclipse on Eve of Buhl Planetarium's 75th Anniversary." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Oct. 21.

Santoni, Matthew. "Former submariner was vessel of knowledge." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2014 Oct. 12.
Started his Navy career on submarines in World War II, and for many years he served as a Tour Guide of the USS Requin submarine,
located on the Ohio River next to The Carnegie Science Center, beginning in 1990 when the USS Requin tours were operated by the Buhl Science Center.

"Buhl Planetarium observes 75th with space events."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2014 Oct. 7.

Karlovits, Bob. "Buhl Planetarium at 75: Still state-of-the-art science."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2014 Oct. 4.

"SCIENCE CENTER TO COMMEMORATE 75 YEARS OF BUHL PLANETARIUM
ASTRONOMY-THEMED EVENTS, EDUCATION ACADEMY TO FETE PITTSBURGH ICON."

News Release. Carnegie Science Center 2014 Sept. 29.

"OCT. 23 – SAFE PUBLIC VIEWING OF SOLAR ECLIPSE AT MT. LEBANON PUBLIC LIBRARY,
ON EVE OF 75TH ANNIV. OF BUHL PLANETARIUM."
News Release.
Friends of the Zeiss 2014 Sept. 15.

Kane, Karen. "Colorful former Pittsburgh Mayor Sophie Masloff died Sunday morning." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2014 Aug. 17.
Wereschagin, Mike. "Former Pittsburgh Mayor Sophie Masloff dies." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2014 Aug. 17.
When former Mayor Sophie Masloff was a City Councilwoman, in the 1980s, she was the City liaison to the
Board of Directors of the Buhl Science Center (a.k.a. Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular
Science).

Smith, Craig. "Narrator deeply loved music, art, local sports." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2014 Aug. 16.
Born, Molly. "Obituary: Raymond W. Lehman / Shared his love of classical music across three decades." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2014 Aug. 14.
Ray Lehman was a retired radio announcer, who served as a Floor Supervisor and a Planetarium Show Narrator at the
Buhl Science Center (a.k.a. Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science) in the early 1990s.

"SPLASH! Kick Off to Summer Community Free Day - Children's Museum of Pittsburgh." Web Page Notice
Children's Museum of Pittsburgh 2014 June 21.
Sponsored by the Jack Buncher Foundation.
From 1985 to 1991, Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
(a.k.a. Buhl Science Center) provided an annual free-of-charge day to the public, in honor of the Summer Solstice.
Also see:
* Carnegie Science Center Reuse of 1980s "Snowballs on Summer Solstice Day" Promotion of Pittsburgh's Original Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science

* Annual Summer Solstice Day Event at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
1985 to 1991

"CALLING ALL SCIENCE FAIR ALUMNI - HELP CELEBRATE 75 YEARS OF SCIENCE!
"PITTSBURGH REGIONAL SCIENCE & ENGINEERING FAIR TO HOLD 75TH COMPETITION."
News Release.
Carnegie Science Center 2014 March 4.
More on the history of the Pittsburgh Regional Science and Engineering Fair, which began as the Pittsburgh Regional
School Science and Engineering Fair at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in the
Spring of 1940, the oldest regional science and engineering fair in the country!

Walsh, Glenn A. "Museum & Library Workers Seek Better Treatment." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Feb. 27.
Last week, the Pittsburgh City Paper ran a story on a new initiative by museum and library workers in the city, to seek better pay, benefits,
and greater say in the work place. For many of these cultural-industry workers, the issue came to the forefront when some non-profit employers,
including Carnegie Museums and Carnegie Libraries, cut employee hours, to avoid the expense of complying with the Federal Affordable Care Act,
thus denying these part-time workers the opportunity to purchase discounted health care insurance.
Included is a letter-to-the-editor by former Buhl Planetarium employee and former Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall
Life Trustee Glenn A. Walsh regarding this issue. Viability of Carnegie Science Center's latest $55 million expansion plan is questioned.

Walsh, Glenn A. "100 Years Ago: Planetarium Concept Born ." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Feb. 24.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Northside Chronicle: Buhl Planetarium Turns 75." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Feb. 8.
The 2014 February edition of North Side Pittsburgh's monthly newspaper, The Northside Chronicle,
includes a feature article on the 75th year of Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium.

Douty, Kristin. "Buhl Planetarium turns 75."
The Northside Chronicle On-Line, Pittsburgh 2014 Jan. 30.

Graham, Francis G. "Mars Rover Sees Mystery Rock Suddenly Appear." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Jan. 20.
Source: Francis G. Graham, Professor Emeritus of Physics, Kent State University;
former Planetarium Lecturer & Observatory Observer, Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium
and Institute of Popular Science;
Steering Commitee Member, Friends of the Zeiss;
Reporting for SpaceWatchtower, a project of Friends of the Zeiss.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Dobsonian Telescope Inventor Dies." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2014 Jan. 16.
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center) purchased a
13-inch Dobsonian Reflector Telescope in the Autumn of 1985, to assist in public viewing of the 1985-1986
apparition of Halley's Comet, during Buhl's "Halley Watch" program.

Horn, Alyse. "Save a snowball for the summer solstice."
The Northside Chronicle On-Line, Pittsburgh 2014 Jan. 9.
The idea was thought of in 2007 by the museum as a way to kick off the first day of summer and “saving a snowball in the winter to get a summer
bargain [that] made winter a little less painful,” Zimecki said.
Actually, this snowball promotion on the Summer Solstice Day was the idea of Public Relations Director Jo Lee at Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center) in 1985.

Hennessy, Mike. "Let's Talk About: Tesla and Kaufman." Column: Let's Talk About.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2014 Jan. 2.
In 1950 Kaufman's Tesla Coil was donated to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. This Tesla Coil is now demonstrated
in the Works Theater at Pittsburgh's Carnegie Science Center.

Walsh, Glenn A. "2014: 75th Year of Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium." Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2014 Jan. 1
2014: 75th Year of Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium
With the beginning of 2014, it is well into the 75th year of operation of Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium. The 75th
anniversary of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science will be October 24.
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science / Buhl Science Center: 1939 October 24 to 1991 August 31
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center: 1991 October 5 to Present
http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/75years/quickhistory.html

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.
"Quick History and Current Use of Building by Children's Museum."
Updated Web Page.
History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh 2013 Dec. 28.

Brehun, Deborah A. "Holiday traditions in Ligonier keep childhood memories on track."
Tribune-Review, Greensburg PA 2013 Dec. 25.
“Every Christmas, when he was a child, he would go to see the train display at Buhl Planetarium in Pittsburgh,” said Carol Sheats.
“We took our son to see the display at Christmas, too.”

Walsh, Glenn A. "Historic Buhl Planetarium Flag Pole Refurbished, Back-in-Use." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Dec. 7.
Also see: The Historic Flag Pole At Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science

Walsh, Glenn A. "John Fitzgerald Kennedy: The Loss of the Man Who Sent Us to the Moon - A Personal Remembrance From 50 Years Ago." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Nov. 22.
Starting on my tenth birthday (1965 November 12) I made my first of many visits (particularly during junior high school)
to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. Years later, I would go on to become
Astronomical Observatory Coordinator and a Planetarium Lecturer at the original Buhl Planetarium, as well as Curator
of a fairly unique embryology exhibit where chicks (and occasionally ducklings) were hatched before visitors' eyes
every weekend.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Laserium: 40th Anniversary." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Nov. 19.
2013 November 19 marks the 40th anniversary of the musical concert set to laser lights known as Laserium,
once seen in many planetaria worldwide, including Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of
Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center). As Laserium is considered the first on-going laser show that
was not part of a special or one-time event, it is also thought that Laserium launched the international
laser display industry.

Zlatos, Bill. "Pittsburgh's Buhl Foundation to focus efforts on North Side."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2013 Nov. 14.
Buhl made a fortune in retail with his partner, Russell Boggs. The Boggs and Buhl Department Store sat across from what now is the
Children's Museum of Pittsburgh (inside The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building), and Buhl never forgot that much of his
money came from the North Side.
Buhl has given the museum $2.5 million since 2002. Most of the money went for an expansion in 2004 and the development of Buhl Community
Park in Allegheny Square. Werner said she has been talking with Buhl officials about another expansion of the museum into space once occupied
by the Carnegie Library that closed as a result of a lightning strike in 2006. The library reopened in 2009 (in a new building three blocks north of the
historic building) with $1 million in help from Buhl.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Saving Library Materials: "Great Depression Mentality" ???" Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Nov. 5.
When I was a Library Trustee (at the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall in Carnegie, Pennsylvania),
I sought and received the donation of several additional book stacks, so our small library did not have to weed as
many materials out of the collection. At the same time, a reference librarian told me that many older books, magazines,
and journals had been discarded from Carnegie Library’s Allegheny Regional Branch (located next-door to
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science). Are all of these discarded materials now
available on-line or on microfilm in Allegheny County? I doubt it.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Sat. Memorial Service for John McCarter, Buhl Planetarium Supporter." Blog Obituary.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Oct. 3.

O'Hare, Michael. "Memories of such things make up a life."
Leader Times, Kittanning PA 2013 Sept. 19.
I grew up just a few miles down the Ohio River from the Point and Pittsburgh was always in my awareness. My favorite places included the (then)
Buhl Planetarium, the Carnegie Library branches on the North Side and Oakland, the University of Pittsburgh's Cathedral of Learning, eventually
Point State Park and the streets throughout the center city.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Carnegie Library Bldg. May Be Reused by Children's Museum." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Sept. 3.
Regarding the possible reuse of the historic Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny building,
America's first publicly-funded Carnegie Library, by the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh,
as they reused the historic Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building, next-door, in 2004.

Nelson Jones, Diana. "Children's Museum may expand into former library."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2013 August 3.
The Children's Museum of Pittsburgh, which started in 1983 in the basement of the Old Allegheny Post Office,
later occupied the entire post office building, and expanded into the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in 2004,
is now considering the possibility of offering programming in the building that formerly held the
Allegheny Regional Branch of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh (the first publicly-funded Carnegie Library in America)
,
in historic Allegheny Square on the Lower North Side of Pittsburgh.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Former Buhl Planetarium Curator Jim Mullaney To Be On National Radio." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 June 26.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Planetarium / Science Center: Recent Deaths." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 June 8.
Over the last month, there were three losses to the Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science / Buhl Science Center family:
Bob Hertrick, Paul McCaffery, and David Henderson (husband of Jo Lee Henderson).

Walsh, Glenn A. "New Mullaney Book: "Celebrating the Universe!" Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 May 18.
A new book, Celebrating the Universe!, introduces the reader to the wonders of the celestial heavens, with a focus on
the "soul" of the night sky. The author, James Mullaney, is a lifelong astronomer who has served as Curator of
Exhibits and Astronomy at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
and Staff
Astronomer at the Allegheny Observatory. He was also Director of the DuPont Planetarium on the campus of the
University of South Carolina, Aiken.
James Mullaney has authored several books and publications including the classic, The Finest Deep-Sky Objects
(with Wally McCall, reprint from the Sky and Telescope Magazine,1978), The Cambridge Atlas of Herschel Objects
(with Wil Tirion, 2009), and Star Checking Your Edmund Telescope (1977).

Robert G. Hertrick, Classified Obituary. Death Notice.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2013 May 11.
Former Buhl Science Center Volunteer and Floor Aide Bob Hertrick unexpectedly passed-away at age 60.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Biopic on Life of Nikola Tesla to Start Filming." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 May 3.
1,200,000-volt Oudin-type Tesla Coil Built for Pittsburgh's Original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Centennial: Science Research @ Mellon Institute." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 March 28.
Products ranging from antifreeze and synthetic rubber to casings that allow hot dogs to be mass produced,
and even the bouncy toy Silly Putty as an accidental discovery, were developed at the Mellon Institute of Industrial
Research, which celebrates its centennial this month. The Institute's eight-story, neo-classical building,
built at a cost of $10 million, opened in May of 1937, two and one-half years before the 1939 October 24 dedication
of the three-floor, art-deco building of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
built at a cost of $1.07 million. In 1967, Mellon Institute merged with the Carnegie Institute of Technology to form
Carnegie Mellon University.

Harding, Margaret and Carl Prine. "Pittsburgh police department places few limits on outside work."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2013 March 16.
During the 1980s and early 1990s, one Pittsburgh Police Officer (from the former Number Nine Precinct on upper
Federal Street) was assigned to an off-duty special detail at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science, Thursday through Sunday evenings, for security with Buhl Planetarium's evening
laser-light concerts. The police officers would be on-duty on Thursday and Sunday evenings from 7:30 to 10:30 p.m.
(for laser-light concerts at 8:00 and 9:15 p.m.) and on Friday and Saturday nights from 7:30 p.m. to 1:00 a.m.
(for the laser-light concerts at 8:00, 9:15, 10:30 p.m., and 12:00 Midnight).

McCoy, Adrian. "Krenn's newest gig: a podcast."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2013 March 13.
Comedian and former WDVE-FM morning drive-time radio host Jim Krenn worked as a Floor Aide at Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in the 1970s.

Walsh, Glenn A. "1938 Fireball Explosion Over W PA Remembered." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 March 11.
About 6 p.m. June 24, 1938, a huge fireball exploded over the small borough of Chicora, Pennsylvania.
At first, the commotion was thought to have been caused by an explosion in a nearby building used
to store gunpowder.
Had it progressed closer to Earth before exploding, note the studies, it would have destroyed much of nearby
Pittsburgh and resulted in very few survivors. (Special Note: When this event happened,
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science was under construction,
in the center of the North Side's business district.)
The fist-size meteor fragments were split into two collections, one set going to the Smithsonian Institution in
Washington and the other to the Carnegie Museum in Pittsburgh.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Preservation? Buhl Planetarium & Schenley High School." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Feb. 21.
Although the Zeiss II Planetarium Projector is now on display at The Carnegie Science Center,
it no longer does what is does best: a second-to-none, realistic depiction of the planets and stars in the night sky.
The 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope and most other artifacts remain in storage, benefiting no one.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Pittsburgh-Area Librarian Receives National Award." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Feb. 15.
Before starting to work as a children's librarian at Mount Lebanon in 1983, she held similar positions at the
Pleasant Hills Library and at the-then newly-opened Squirrel Hill Branch of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.
Last year, Friends of the Zeiss and the Mount Lebanon Public Library co-sponsored a safe public viewing,
through telescopes, of the very rare Transit of the Planet Venus across the image of the Sun. Although clouds
prevented the public from viewing the June 5 early evening event with the telescopes, the public was still able to
watch the event via a live web-cast in a library meeting room.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Happy Holidays, Brought to You by Lasers." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Dec. 25.
For decades, holiday-themed laser-light shows have been a staple at many science centers, including during the
1980s and early 1990s at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
(a.k.a. Buhl Science Center).
Now, industrial lasers are adding to seasonal cheer with exquisitely-detailed Christmas cards cut with a laser,
a fiber laser-cut Christmas tree in three reflective metals, and even a laser-cut Gingerbread House !

Walsh, Glenn A. "Was the Star of Bethlehem Real ?" Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Dec. 24.
This age-old question was the topic of the classic "The Star of Bethlehem" planetarium sky drama,
performed each Christmas season 1939 through 1990, in the The Theater of the Stars
of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

"'How to' Science Fair Project Video Series from NASA." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Dec. 22.
The Pittsburgh Regional School Science and Engineering Fair, the third oldest Science Fair in the United States
(the oldest regional Science Fair in a major metropolitan area; the two older fairs are state-wide fairs),
originated at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in the Spring of 1940.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Transit of Venus Viewed From Saturn." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Dec. 22.
Friends of the Zeiss sponsored the City of Pittsburgh's only public viewing, with telescopes, of the 2004 Transit of Venus across the image of the Sun.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Friday Morning Winter Begins - Apocalypse ?." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Dec. 20.
Regarding the completion of the 12th baktun of the Mayan Calendar, which some erroneously predicted as the "end of the world."

Walsh, Glenn A. "Meteorite From Calif. Fireball Found." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Oct. 22.
Buhl Planetarium Meteorite: Fifth largest meteorite fragment from Barringer Meteor Crater near Winslow, Arizona.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Crowd-Funding Saves Tesla Electricity Lab." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Oct. 19.
A large one million-volt Oudin-type Tesla Coil was demonstrated at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomer's Son Wins Nobel Prize in Economics ." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Oct. 16.
"Lloyd S. Shapley, Professor Emeritus of the University of California at Los Angeles and son of distinguished 20th century
astronomer Harlow Shapley, has won the 2012 Nobel Prize in Economics, sharing the prize with Alvin E. Roth
of Harvard University...
"Harlow Shapley also supported planetaria and science museums. While Director of the Harvard College Observatory,
he delivered the keynote address at the dedication of the rare 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope at Pittsburgh's
original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science on 1941 November 19."

Walsh, Glenn A. "Brashear House & Factory: Nomination to National Register of Historic Places ." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Oct. 11.
Comments of Glenn A. Walsh, Project Director of Friends of the Zeiss, in support of nomination.
Both Henry Clay Frick and Andrew Carnegie were good friends of John Brashear.
John Brashear accompanied Andrew Carnegie to the dedication of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall,
in Carnegie, Pennsylvania, on 1902 April 22.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Historic Nomination: John Brashear House & Factory, Pittsburgh ." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Sept. 13.
Both Henry Clay Frick and Andrew Carnegie were good friends of John Brashear.
John Brashear accompanied Andrew Carnegie to the dedication of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall,
in Carnegie, Pennsylvania, on 1902 April 22.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Centennial: New Allegheny Observatory Dedication ." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Aug. 28.
Both Henry Clay Frick and Andrew Carnegie made large contributions toward the construction of the new Allegheny Observatory.
Also, John Brashear accompanied Andrew Carnegie to the dedication of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall,
in Carnegie, Pennsylvania, on 1902 April 22.

Walsh, Glenn A. "NASA Strategic Direction Study: Glenn Walsh's Public Comments." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Aug. 18.

"Vi ‘Nanna’ R. Marich." Obituary.
Parkersburg News and Sentinel 2012 Aug. 12.
Vi Marich worked as the Chief Accountant at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
during the 1980s and 1990s, along with her daughter Kathy Schoen.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory History Video Now Available." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 July 25.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Telstar Satellite Accidentally "Nuked" 50 Years Ago." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 July 12.
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science displayed a model of Telstar 1, first in an AT&T exhibit, and then in Buhl's Siderostat Observatory.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Community Park at Allegheny Square Opens." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 June 25.
Rebuilt Allegheny Square Plaza/Park, in front of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
and the original Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny, opens to the general public.

"look up!" Column: "down in front."
Mt. Lebanon Magazine 2012 June.
Article about upcoming Transit of Venus public viewing event at the Mount Lebanon Public Library on the early evening of June 5.
(E-Book version of print edition; article at top of page 7.)

"venus on the move." Column: "down in front."
Mt. Lebanon Magazine On-Line 2012 June.
Article about upcoming Transit of Venus public viewing event at the Mount Lebanon Public Library on the early evening of June 5.
(Third of three brief news articles in "down in front" column.)

"JUNE 5 - SAFE PUBLIC VIEWING OF RARE ASTRONOMICAL EVENT WITH
4.5-INCH REFLECTOR TELESCOPE AT MT. LEBANON PUBLIC LIBRARY
. News Release.
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 29.
Includes Transit of Venus - Frequently Asked Questions.

"June 5 - Safe Public Viewing of Rare Astronomical Event." Poster/Flyer 2.
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 23.

"June 5 - Safe Public Viewing of Rare Astronomical Event." Poster/Flyer 1.
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 13.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Mystery: Brashear Telescope Donated by Frick to Pittsburgh Suburb Missing for Decades." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 May 7.
John Brashear telescope donated to Mount Pleasant PA, by industrialist Henry Clay Frick (then an executive with the
Carnegie Steel Company), has been missing for decades after being removed for restoration.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Planetarium Poem by Ann Curran." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 May 3.
Poem "At the Late Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science," written by Pittsburgh Poet and
former Buhl Planetarium employee Ann Curran, who held a poetry reading at the Main Branch of
The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh on 2012 April 15.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory: New History Film." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 April 19.
New film documentary regarding the largest astronomical observatory located within the city limits of a major American city.
Henry Clay Frick and Andrew Carnegie helped John Brashear construct the new Allegheny Observatory building.
Samuel Pierpont Langley, James E. Keeler, and John Brashear were Directors of the original Allegheny Observatory.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Planetarium Chick Curator Revisits Chickens at Carnegie Library." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 April 11.
Regarding former Buhl Planetarium Embryology Exhibit Curator Glenn A. Walsh's attendance of an urban chicken farming
program at the historic West End Branch of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh. Includes a photograph of Mr. Walsh holding
a mature chicken during the program.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Indiana Newspaper: Walsh on Carnegie Library History." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 April 8.
Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh quoted on Carnegie Library history in the Sunday edition of
The Tribune-Star of Terre Haute, Indiana.

Walsh, Glenn A. "1 Week: Pittsburgh Subway Extension Open
Precise Times of First Subway Trains."
Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 April 1.
New North Side Subway Station is only three blocks from Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
and the original Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny and America's First Carnegie Hall, in Allegheny Square.

Smydo, Joe. "North Side park could get new name."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2012 March 6.
Allegheny Public Square on the North Side may be getting a new name.
Pittsburgh City Council President Darlene Harris today introduced legislation that would rename the space
"Buhl Community Park at Allegheny Square," reflecting the Buhl Foundation's support for
the Pittsburgh Children's Museum.
The museum, which is raising more than $6 million to renovate the park, requested the name change.
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science and Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny
and Carnegie Hall sit on Allegheny Square.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Former Buhl Planetarium & Observatory Lecturer Bestowed as Kent State University Professor Emeritus."
Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Feb. 17.

* Rutkoski, Rex. "WDVE Morning Show faces change but formula remains the same."
Valley News Dispatch Tarentum/New Kensington PA 2012 Feb. 10.
* McCoy, Adrian. "Jim Krenn out, Scott Paulsen back at WDVE."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2012 Jan. 20.
* "Krenn's friends set Ross benefit for animal shelter."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2012 Jan. 20.
* McCoy, Adrian. "Paulsen to rejoin WDVE-FM morning show."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2012 Jan. 19.
* Rutkoski, Rex. "Scott Paulsen, Bill Crawford joining WDVE-FM."
Valley News Dispatch, Tarentum/New Kensington PA 2012 Jan. 19.
* Fuoco, Michael A. "Krenn's disappearance from 'DVE airwaves unexplained."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 Dec. 15.
** Long-time (since 1988) and popular WDVE-FM radio morning personality, Jim Krenn, was employed on the
Floor Staff of Pittsburgh's original Aug Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
in the 1970s.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Former Buhl Science Center President Dies." Obituary.
SpaceWatchtower 2012 Jan. 29.
Joshua Whetzel, who transformed Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science and spearheaded
construction of The Carnegie Science Center, dies at age 90.

Spatter, Sam and Rachel Weaver. "Rust threatens to mothball Science Center's Requin submarine."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2012 Jan. 28.
The USS Requin submarine started as a special exhibit of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
in the Autumn of 1990.

Walsh, Glenn A. "What was the Star of Bethlehem? Recollections from Buhl & Hayden Planetaria." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2011 Dec. 24.
This age-old question was the topic of the classic "The Star of Bethlehem" planetarium sky drama,
performed each Christmas season 1939 through 1990, in the The Theater of the Stars
of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Fontaine, Tom, "Rides could be free on part of North Shore Connector."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2011 Dec. 21.
* "Free T Rides Proposed Between Downtown & North Side T Station." News Release.
Port Authority of Allegheny County 2011 Dec. 21.
* Schmitz, Jon and Mark Belko, "Free 'T' on subway to North Shore in works.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 Dec. 21.
* Schmitz, Jon. "Port Authority gets sponsors for free North Shore subway rides."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 Dec. 20.
** Subway rides between Downtown Pittsburgh and the North Side Subway Station,
close (within three blocks) to the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
and Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny (including the world's first Carnegie Hall,
a.k.a. New Hazlett Theater) buildings, will be free-of-charge when the North Side
subway extension opens 2012 March 25.

Schulman, John.
"'Palace of Culture': An elegant history of the Carnegie museums and library that 'greatly enhances our appreciation'."
Book review: 'Palace of Culture: Andrew Carnegie's Museums and Library in Pittsburgh,' Robert J. Gangewere. University of Pittsburgh Press, $35.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 Nov. 27.
This handsome, meticulously researched and beautifully written book comprises the histories of many separate but linked
institutions: Carnegie Library, the Museums of Art and Natural History, Carnegie Music Hall, Buhl Science Center and
The Andy Warhol Museum.

Walsh, Glenn A. "70th Anniversary: Buhl Planetarium Observatory." Blog Posting.
SpaceWatchtower 2011 Nov. 19.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Planetarium History in New Book." Electronic Mail Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail Group 2011 Oct. 16.

"Danny Litwhiler." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 Sept. 23.
"Michigan State said he helped develop one of the first radar guns for use in clocking pitches,
one of dozens of inventions for the game."
In the mid-1980s, "The Right Moves" exhibit, located in the Octagon Gallery of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, included a "Pitching Cage" which
used a radar gun to clock the speed of baseball pitches by members of the general public.
Wikipedia.com biograpy of Danny Litwhiler.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Space Nebula "Chicken" from Buhl Planetarium?" Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2011 Sept. 21.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Allegheny Sq Rehab Construction Underway." Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2011 Sept. 19.
Rehabilitation has begun for the Allegheny Square Plaza, located in front of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Olson, Thomas and Sam Spatter. "History weighs heavily on landmark."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2011 Sept. 17.
Henry Clay Frick's Union Trust Building (originally Union Arcade) may face second foreclosure.
"The building has large floor plates - about 40,000 square feet - and for a small user of about
10,000 square feet, that may not be comfortable located in such a large area," said Mark Anderson,
vice president of Pennsylvania Commercial Real Estate, based Downtown.
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building has a total square-footage of about 40,000.

Walsh, Glenn A. "20 Years Ago..." Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2011 August 31.
Regarding the 20th anniversary of the closing of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center) as a public museum.

Buckley, Madeline. "St. Vincent College opens first part of science center."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 June 26.
Saint Vincent College on Saturday dedicated the first phase of the $39 million Sis and Herman Dupré Science
Pavilion, a state-of-the-art research center with a digital imaging laboratory and a planetarium.
St. Vincent College, in Westmoreland County, is located 33 miles east of Pittsburgh.

Francis, Cody. "St. Vincent dedicates science pavilion."
Tribune-Review, Greensburg PA 2011 June 25.
Smetanka said the planetarium and other technology, which will also be used for public shows, are recruitment
tools as much as educational tools.
St. Vincent College, in Westmoreland County, is located 33 miles east of Pittsburgh.

Thomas, Mary. "Military to get free museum admission."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 June 14.
Other regional museums participating include the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh,
Carnegie Museums of Art and Natural History, The Andy Warhol Museum, the Frick Art & Historical Center,
Rivers of Steel National Heritage Area in Homestead, and the Foster and Muriel McCarl Coverlet Gallery
at Saint Vincent College, Latrobe.
(During the public operation of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
1939-1991, it was standard policy to give free admission to active members of the military in uniform.)

Nelson Jones, Diana. "The $30 question." Blog: City Walkabout.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 May 3.
Comments to Blog: "...On the Northside, Allegheny Traditional Academy (the back,
across from the aviary) is beautiful, as are AGH, and Buhl Planetarium.
Buhl is my favorite utilitarian example in Pittsburgh..."

Cataldi, James F. "Storytelling: With clear recall, he spells out his 'portentous' fall."
Column: PG Portfolio - "Storytelling."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 April 1.
"In 1962, eighth grade at St. Mary's in McKees Rocks, Sister Madeline picked me to go to
the regional spelling bee at Buhl Planetarium."
In the first three months of each year, The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
hosted the spelling bee rounds which lead to the final Western Pennsylvania Spelling Bee championship
round (which was usually held at a larger auditorium, such as in Schenley High School). These spelling
bee rounds, co-sponsored by The Pittsburgh Press, took place in Buhl's 250-seat Lecture Hall
(a.k.a. Little Science Theater)
, with two spelling bee sessions occurring on Saturday mornings,
for several weeks. The Pittsburgh Press rented the Lecture Hall for these spelling bee rounds
and paid for an additional Buhl Planetarium staff person (Floor Aide) to manage the needs for this rental.
The student contestants were seated just in front of the small and low Lecture Hall stage,
and the Lab Table on the stage, on old-style, black folding-chairs (which were replaced and
donated to the Salvation Army in the late 1980s).

Thomas, Kelly. "Feelings mixed on Northside Catholic school merger."
The Northside Chronicle On-Line 2011 March 10.
"Two Catholic schools on North Side to merge." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 March 7.
LaRussa, Tony. "Catholic schools in Brighton Heights, North Side to combine."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2011 March 7.
"Two parochial schools to merge."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 March 6.
"Two Pittsburgh diocese elementary schools to merge."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2011 March 6.
The Cardinal Wright Regional Catholic Elementary School building which will close,
which is the former St. Peter's Catholic Elementary School at 711 West Commons Street
on the North Side, is located one block from Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium
and Institute of Popular Science
. During his tenure at Buhl Planetarium, the author
donated surplus Buhl educational materials to St. Peter's School. Additionally, students from
St. Peter's School often visited Buhl Planetarium, including a complementary visit to Buhl's
Little Science Theater to watch the launch of the first teacher-in-space aboard the Challenger
Space Shuttle, which resulted in tragedy on 1986 January 28
(See The Challenger Disaster Viewed at Pittsburgh’s Buhl Planetarium).

Mullaney, James. "Cambridge Atlas of Herschel Objects."
Electronic Mail Message 2011 Feb. 9.
"Just a note to let you know that the Cambridge Atlas of Herschel Objects has finally been released and it's magnificent -
largely due to the amazing celestial cartography of Wil Tirion! It's intended as a
companion volume to our earlier work, The Cambridge Double Star Atlas."
James Mullaney is a former Curator of Exhibits and Astronomy at Buhl Planetarium
and Staff Astronomer at Allegheny Observatory.

Gannon, Joyce. "Pittsburgh Foundation offers a sheltering roof to small family foundations
concerned about costs and survival."

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 Feb. 8.
"While in his late 20s, Robert M. Thompson Jr. became a multimillionaire through the sale
of Redshaw, the Pittsburgh software company he founded with his parents...
"His own passion for science dates to time he spent as a child at the Buhl Planetarium.
He earned a physics degree from Carnegie Mellon University and in 2007 finished building a
solar- and geothermal-powered home in Murrysville where he resides."

Walsh, Glenn A. "Buhl Science Fair Alumnus Wins CSC Award." Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers 2011 Feb. 3.
"Majetich Receives Carnegie Science Center Award." News Release.
Carnegie Mellon University 2011 Feb. 4.
Daly, Jill. "Carnegie Science Awards announced."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 Feb. 3.
Includes award: Emerging Female Scientist -- Sara Majetich, Carnegie Mellon University.
Dr. Majetich listed herself as an alumnus of the Pittsburgh Regional School Science and Engineering Fair,
of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
for the 1989 publication:
"Lives Touched...Worlds Changed," Fifty Years of Alumni Achievements.
News Articles Regarding Carnegie Science Center Awards Ceremony Keynote Address:
Brandolph, Adam. "As cost falls, final frontier will open."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2011 May 7.
Sheridan, Patricia. "Patricia Sheridan's Breakfast With ... Anousheh Ansari."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 May 2.

Nelson Jones, Diana. "Reader squares accounts of Allegheny plaza." Blog: City Walkabout.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 Jan. 24.
Reader Glenn Walsh corrects timing of deterioration of Allegheny Square Plaza.

Nelson Jones, Diana. "Children's Museum nears goal for new park." Blog: City Walkabout.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2011 Jan. 21.

Nelson Jones, Diana. "Children's Museum has bulk of funds to build park."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2011 Jan. 21.

Gormly, Kellie B. "Children's Museum to turn unused plaza into green haven."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2011 Jan. 20.

Biller, Rob. "Holiday Herald: Heavenly Buhl trips helped make season a time to treasure."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 Nov. 26.

Thomas, Frank. "We used to be captains of the universe; soon we'll be hitchhikers in space." Commentary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 Nov. 7.
"For me, the journey began at the Buhl Planetarium on the North Side, where promises of
spacesuit adventures mixed with the mechanics of rocket assembly."

"TESLA DOESN’T STAND ALONE." Letter-to-the-Editor.
Long Island Press 2010 Sept. 30.
Nikola Tesla worked for more than a year in Pittsburgh for George Westinghouse,
and he helped Westinghouse succeed in establishing alternating current as the
primary form of electrical distribution, as opposed to Thomas Edison's
direct current distribution system. A one-million volt Oudin-type Tesla Coil often enthralled visitors at
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, usually following
the conclusion of a planetarium show.

Rumsey, Spencer. "Tesla’s Last Stand on Long Island
The visionary scientist’s Shoreham lab is for sale–
and his priceless legacy soon could be lost."

Long Island Press 2010 Sept. 16.
Nikola Tesla worked for more than a year in Pittsburgh for George Westinghouse,
and he helped Westinghouse succeed in establishing alternating current as the
primary form of electrical distribution, as opposed to Thomas Edison's
direct current distribution system. A one-million volt Oudin-type Tesla Coil often enthralled visitors at
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, usually following
the conclusion of a planetarium show.

*** Also see: Friends of Science East/Tesla Science & Technology Center and Museum
regarding efforts to save Tesla's Long Island laboratory.

"Fall Arts Preview: Head out and have fun at these Pittsburgh places."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 Sept. 9.
CARNEGIE SCIENCE CENTER
One Allegheny Ave., North Side. 412-237-3400
EXHIBITS: Astronomy Exhibits in Buhl Digital Planetarium lobby -- Newton's Hockey, Hologram Planets,
Planetary Weights (opens Oct. 7); Zeiss Model II Star Projector Exhibit -- Historical
Zeiss planetarium projector from the original Buhl Planetarium and interactive exhibits (ongoing);
Miniature Railroad & Village (opening Nov. 20); If a Starfish Can Grow a New Arm, Why Can't I? --
Exhibit focuses on tissue engineering and regenerative medicine (ongoing).

Smith, Pohla. "Star projector returns to the spotlight at Pittsburgh's science center."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 July 14.

Smith, Pohla. "Facts about the Zeiss Model II Star Projector."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 July 14.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Zeiss II Projector Exhibit at CSC." Electronic Mail Group Message.
Friends of the Zeiss Mail-Group 2010 July 10.

"Zeiss Star Projector shines in new exhibition at Science Center."
The South Pittsburgh Reporter 2010 July 6.

Mitchell, Ellen. "Old Buhl Planetarium's projector still draws fans."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2010 July 2: B3.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Zeiss Projector Exhibit Opens at CSC." Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2010 July 1.

* "Old Star Projector Part of Science Center Exhibit." Video News Report.
KDKA-TV 2, Pittsburgh 2010 July 1.
(Search KDKA-TV 2 video library, at this link, using search terms "star projector".)
* "Carnegie Science Center PRESENTS Iconic Zeiss Star Projector
in New Historic Exhibition."
News Release.
The Carnegie Science Center 2010 June 30.
Display of historic Buhl Planetarium Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, in Carnegie Science Center
Atrium Gallery, begins 2010 July 1.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Musical Tribute to Buhl Planetarium!" Electronic Mail-Group Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail-Group 2010 June 29.
* Nelson Jones, Diana. "Musicians to add notes to North Side tour sites."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 June 25.
"At the New Hazlett, seven musicians -- vocalists and percussionists -- will present a piece inspired
by the fact that the building shares space with what was Andrew Carnegie's second oldest library.
The percussionists will be playing typewriters.
"At the Children's Museum, three glockenspiels, singers and a bass guitar will provide music inspired
by the science exhibits that once were at the Buhl Planetarium on the same site."
* Nelson Jones, Diana. "How to charm a rodent." Blog: City Walkabout.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 June 14.

"Your ideas for repurposing Mellon Arena." Letters-to-the-Editor.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 June 22.
Includes letter (12th letter on web page) from Phil and Margaret Rostek of Shadyside, who wrote:
"...The name would remain the "Igloo" -- "where the 'Burgh chills." In summer, dancing under the stars
with the dome open as weather permits. Outdoor decor could include a brightly lit, hanging icicle and
Broadway-style entrance with red carpet. Interior to include stars projected on the dome interior like
the old Buhl Planetarium -- or some twinkling star motif -- perhaps blue lights like PNC Park..."

* "Snowballs fly on first day of summer at Carnegie Science Center."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review/AP 2010 June 22.
* "Science Center Welcomes Summer With Snowballs."
KDKA-TV 2, Pittsburgh 2010 June 21.
Snowballs on Summer Solstice Day began in 1985 at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science
. Carnegie Science Center resumed snowball tradition in 2007.

* Majors, Dan. "Obituary: Jerome "Jerry" Apt Jr. / Mechanical engineer who held seven patents."
Obituary. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 June 21.
* Vondas, Jerry. "Inventive engineer Jerry Apt inspired son to become astronaut." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2010 June 21.
Father of former NASA Space Shuttle Astronaut Jay Apt who studied at Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Chun, Sonya. "Children's Museum gets Curious George."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 May 17.
New traveling science exhibit, in the former Hall of the Universe exhibit gallery of the
original Buhl Planetarium building from 2010 June 19 to Oct. 3.
Also see Curious George Exhibit web site.

McCoy, Adrian. "Home sweet home: Things to do locally this summer."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 May 14.
"The Zeiss projector enchanted generations of kids on field trips to the original Buhl Planetarium.
The Zeiss is moving to its new home at the Carnegie Science Center, where visitors can learn about
the history of this planetarium projection technology...
"CARNEGIE SCIENCE CENTER
One Allegheny Ave., North Side. 412-237-3400.
EXHIBITS: Zeiss Exhibit -- The Zeiss II Star Projector from the original Buhl Planetarium
moves to its new home in the Science Center Atrium, along with interactive exhibits that
highlight the technology used at the time (opens in July);..."

Belko, Mark. "Obituary: Truman P. Kohman / Chemistry professor with eyes always on stars." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 May 1.
Also see Death Notice.
In 2002, Truman Kohman strongly supported maintaining Buhl Planetarium's historic,
10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope in the Buhl Planetarium
building, to help educate children visiting the Children's Museum. See Letter of Support.

Malerbo, Dan. "Let's Talk About: The Great Debate." Column.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 April 22.
In 1920 Heber D. Curtis became Director of Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory, and
on 1941 November 19 Harlow Shapley gave the keynote address at the dedication of
Buhl Planetarium's 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope.
Column author Dan Malerbo is Educational Coordinator for the
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at Pittsburgh's
Carnegie Science Center. He also served as a Planetarium Lecturer
at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
(a.k.a. Buhl Science Center)
.
Also see web site: "The 1920 Great Debate on the Scale of the Universe."

"Passing of Former Astronomical League Executive Secretary." Death Notice.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail Group 2010 Feb. 16.
Wilma A. Cherup, in addition to being Astronomical League Executive Secretary for
23 years, she was a life member of the Amateur Astronomers's Association of
Pittsburgh, which helped found The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

"MONDAY - Lecture: Einstein in Pittsburgh." News Release.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Mail Group 2010 Feb. 13.
David Topper, Professor of the History of Science at the University of Winnipeg
and strong supporter of the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
will discuss Albert Einstein's visit to Pittsburgh 75 years ago,
in the same Carnegie Mellon University lecture hall where Einstein lectured.

Green, Elwin. "Obituary: John M. Arthur / Longtime president of Duquesne Light Co."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 Feb. 2.
John M. Arthur was a member of the Board of Directors of the Buhl Science Center
(a.k.a. Buhl Planetarium). For many, many years, until the mid-1980s, Duquesne Light
sponsored a popular exhibit on the Mezzanine, a stationary bicycle people would pedal
to light-up light bulbs of greater wattage, as the bike was pedaled faster.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Chronology: American Presidential Inauguration of Barack H. Obama (2009)."Web Site Post.
History of Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh 2010 Jan. 20
Presidential Inauguration Chronology of 2009 January 20.

Sciullo, Maria. "Obituary: Nat Youngblood /
Popular local painter, newspaper art director for 30 years."
Obituary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Dec. 22.
Nat H. Youngblood painted "The Rise of Steel Technology" mural, commissioned by the
United States Steel Corporation, mounted on the south wall of the first floor's
Great Hall of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

McNulty, Timothy. "Dok Harris is running for mayor as his own man."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Oct. 26.
"A precocious kid, Mr. Harris attended preschool
science classes at Buhl Planetarium and then
kindergarten at the former St. Peter's school
on the North Side."

Walsh, Glenn A. "70th Anniversary: Buhl Planetarium." Electronic-Mail Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers Message-Group 2009 Oct. 24.

Mendenhall, Jim. "Clyde W. 'Red' Hare / Photojournalist known for realistic style." Obituary.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Oct. 16.
Official photographer of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
in the 1980s.

Thomas, Mary. "Obituary: Charles Clinton 'Charlie' Pitcher /
Artist known for his paintings of Western Pa. woodlands."

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Oct. 9.
"Mr. Pitcher taught art in the Pittsburgh city schools from 1957 to 1965,
was Buhl Planetarium director of education from 1965 to 1971 and operated
the Charles Pitcher Gallery in Shadyside from 1970-73."

Tannler, Albert M. "Secrets of the Buhl Building revealed."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 Oct. 4.
Fifth Avenue building purchased by Henry Buhl, Jr. in 1913.

Heinrichs, Allison M. "Science Center to revive Zeiss II Planetarium Star Projector."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 Aug. 19.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Zeiss to be Reassembled: Science Center Announcement." News Release.
Friends of the Zeiss 2009 Aug. 18.
Friends of the Zeiss statement regarding Carnegie Science Center announcement
that historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector would be reassembled as exhibit, to be
displayed in Carnegie Science Center atrium by late 2010.

"New science center exhibit to feature Buhl star projector."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2009 Aug. 18.

"Historic planetarium projector is Science Center's next exhibit."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2009 Aug. 18.

"Carnegie Science Center Plans New Astronomy Exhibit Featuring Historic Zeiss II Star Projector."
News Release. Carnegie Science Center 2009 Aug. 18.

Shalaway, Scott. "Volunteers wanted for Lost Ladybug Project." Column.
Charleston Gazette 2009 Aug. 8.;
Article mentions new Citizen Science web page
on the History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site.

Shalaway, Scott. "Get Into Nature: Citizen Science and the Lost Ladybug Project." Column.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Aug. 2.;
Article mentions new Citizen Science web page
on the History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site.

Olson, Thomas and Kim Leonard.
"Pittsburgh Opera joins city's 'green' renaissance with renovated building."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 July 21: A1.
Leonard, Kim and Thomas Olsen. "Pittsburgh Opera building to go green."
Pittsburgh Trib p.m. 2009 July 21: 4.
Articles included listing of "Green Geezers,"
seven buildings constructed before World War II, which have been rehabilitated to
obtain LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) certification
.
The youngest building, of the seven listed, is the original
Buhl Planetarium building (built in 1939), now operated as part of the Children's
Museum of Pittsburgh. By year's end, it is expected that the Pittsburgh Opera's
Strip District building (Liberty Avenue and 25th Street--where, originally,
George Westinghouse first built railroad locomotive air-brakes) will join this list.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Historic Mission of Apollo 11
Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time
A Personal Remembrance From 40 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/Apolloremembrance.htm >.

Erdley, Debra. "Pittsburgh pegs zoo, Aviary, Phipps' free water use at $500,000."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 June 24.
1939 newspaper reports indicate that City Council considered providing free water
service to the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science which was
officially dedicated 1939 October 24. Apparently, this proposal never came to fruition;
Buhl Planetarium never enjoyed free water service.

French, Sue. "As the Crow Flies." Column: Deep Sky Wonders.
Sky and Telescope Magazine 2009 May: 48.
Former Buhl Planetarium Floor Manager and South Hills Backyard Astronomers club founder
Eric G. Canali cited for asterism "Canali" (a.k.a. "Canali's Cluster").
The following is an excerpt from page 49 of the magazine column:
* Next, soar 1.1 degrees west-southwest from M104 to the multi-
ple star Struve 1659. In my 105-mm scope at 47x,
I see a 5-minute isosceles triangle of stars with a smaller isos-
celes triangle centered inside it. My 10-inch scope shows
color in all but the dimmist of the six stars. In order of
decreasing brightness, I see them as yellow-white, deep
yellow, pale yellow, yellow, and gold.
* I was first introduced to this sextuplet by John Wag-
oner in the 1980s at the Texas Star Party. He dubbed
the group Stargate, because it reminded him of the
hyperspace stargate used by the hero Buck Rogers in the
1979-1981 television series. Wagoner created and ran the
Astronomical League's Bulletin Board Service, which he
named Stargate. Not surprisingly, others have discovered
this group as well. Australian amateur Perry Vlahos wrote
to tell me he knows these stars as the Double Triangle,
and the book Star Clusters (Brent A. Archinal and Steven
J. Hynes; Willmann-Bell, 2003) lists it as Canali -- named
for Pennsylvania amateur Eric Canali, who calls it "that
pretty little triangle-asterism-thingy."

For a short time in 1939 and 1940, Sky and Telescope predecessor magazine,
The Sky, was co-published by Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science
and New York City's original Hayden Planetarium.

Baltimore, Chris. "Obama quizzes astronauts about life in space."
Yahoo/Reuters 2009 March 24.
U.S. President Barack Obama, along with several Washington-area school children,
quizzed several astronauts in orbit aboard the International Space Station, including
Mike Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium for his interest in
becoming an astronaut.

Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2009 March 5: A3.
< http://finance.yahoo.com/news/ >. Posted 2009 March 4. Viewed 2009 March 5.
(Reprint of 2006 Oct. 18 article)
Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2006 Oct. 18: A3.
(Donna Howell, Technology Reporter, Investor's Business Daily)
Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh is extensively
quoted in this national business newspaper article, regarding the life of
famous 19th century astronomer and lens maker John A. Brashear,
who was a confidant of Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick.

Science/nature traveling exhibit in Buhl Planetarium's Hall of the Universe --
"Exploring Trees Inside and Out," sponsored by the Arbor Day Foundation and
Doubletree Hotels, exhibited 2009 Feb. 6 to May 17 in the Hall of the Universe exhibit
gallery of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building,
now known as the traveling exhibits gallery of the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh:
O'Driscoll, Bill. "Taking It Outside."
Pittsburgh City Paper 2009 Feb. 26.
"Falling leaves in February at Children's Museum exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Feb. 7.
Gormly, Kellie B. "Get to know nature inside out at Children's Museum."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 Feb. 5.

Lowry, Patricia. "City's Friendship Quilt back for show."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Jan. 24.
Great Pittsburgh Friendship Quilt, created at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium in 1988,
found in basement of Carnegie Science Center's original
SportsWorks/warehouse building, after being unseen for 20 years.
Quilt includes quilt strip dedicated to original Buhl Planetarium Observatory.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Chronology: American Presidential Inauguration of Barack H. Obama (2009)."Web Site Post.
History of Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh 2010 Jan. 20
Presidential Inauguration Chronology of 2009 January 20.

Belko, Mark. "Buhl Building signs its first tenant."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Dec. 4.
"Panel OKs Buhl Building restoration."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Nov. 6.
Belko, Mark. "Buhl Building rehab unveiled."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Oct. 24.
2008 Oct. 24 is also 69th anniversary of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, constructed by
the Buhl Foundation after the death of Henry Buhl, Jr.
Lowry, Patricia. "Buhl Building ready for its closeup."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 July 4.
Six-floor office building at 200 Fifth Avenue (corner of Fifth Avenue and
Market Street, Downtown), purchased by Henry Buhl, Jr. in 1923 (built
ten years earlier), whose Buhl Foundation built Buhl Planetarium in 1939.

"Space tourist returns from $30M orbital trip."
CNN 2008 Oct. 24.
"Expedition 17 Crew Returns From International Space Station."
NASA 2008 Oct. 23.
Walsh, Glenn. "Fw: New Crew Blasts Off for International Space Station." E-Mail List Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers 2008 Oct. 13.
Crew includes Richard Garriott, son of former NASA astronaut Owen Garriott
(first son of a former U.S. astronaut to fly into space), and NASA veteran
astronaut E. Michael Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium
for his interest in becoming an astronaut. Buhl Planetarium celebrated 69th anniversary
of dedication on 2008 Oct. 24.
More information and mission updates

Walsh, Glenn. "Historic Plaque Erected on Buhl Planetarium." E-Mail List Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers 2008 Oct. 11

Boren, Jeremy. "Historian focuses on telescope pioneer Brashear."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 Sept. 29.
Also reprinted --
Boren, Jeremy. "Historian Focuses on Telescope Pioneer Brashear."
Sky and Telescope Magazine On-Line 2008 Sept. 29.
Mentions architectural tours of the Buhl Planetarium and Old Allegheny Post Office building.

"Planning commission OKs several requests."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Sept. 24.
Boren, Jeremy. "Panel approves South Side restaurant."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 Sept. 24.
City Planning Commission approved Science Center Master Plan,
after Carnegie Science Center Interim Co-Director Ron Baillie stated
that failure of the Master Plan to show a Siderostat Observatory on the
roof of the proposed 80,000 square-foot west building addition was simply
because planning for the building addition had not yet reached that "level of
detail." At the request of the City Planning Commission, Mr. Baillie also agreed
to provide the Commission with a copy of the legal Memorandum of Understanding,
between the City and the Science Center, which states that the Science Center
agreed to reassemble and reuse the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope
on their expansion of the Science Center building.
More information
Also see: Sale and Demolition of Carnegie Warehouse for Construction of PAT Rail Station

Walsh, Glenn. "Science Center Master Plan: Siderostat Observatory Missing."
Address. Pittsburgh City Planning Commission. 2008 Sept. 23.
More information
Also see: Sale and Demolition of Carnegie Warehouse for Construction of PAT Rail Station

"Astronaut's son spending his fortune to fly."
CNN/AP 2008 July 31.
Richard Garriott will become the first child of an American astronaut to reach
outer space on Oct. 12. Sergei Volkov, son of former cosmonaut Alexander Volkov,
has been living on the International Space Station since April, Russia's
first second-generation space traveler; Richard Garriott and Sergei Volkov will
return to Earth together. Launching with Richard Garriott in a Russian Soyuz
spacecraft will be NASA Astronaut Mike Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium for his interest in becoming an astronaut. Mike Fincke will be
staying on the International Space Station for his second tour-of-duty,
for six months.

McClelland, Clark C. "A past Space Shuttle ScO, admits ET's are Real.
And this ScO has seen them, himself with another witness!"
Stargate Chronicles 2008 July 29
< http://www.stargate-chronicles.com/release_mitchell.html >.
Clark C. McClelland was an Astronomy instructor at Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium, for several years in the middle of the twentieth century.
Mr. McClelland strongly supports similar statements recently broadcast in a
British radio interview by former NASA Astronaut Dr. Edgar Mitchell, who walked on
the Moon during the mission of Apollo 14. More information:
"Ex-Astronaut: Aliens Are Real and NASA Knows It."
FOX News 2008 July 24.

Belko, Mark. "Buhl Building rehab unveiled."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Oct. 24.
2008 Oct. 24 is also 69th anniversary of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, constructed by
the Buhl Foundation after the death of Henry Buhl, Jr.
Lowry, Patricia. "Buhl Building ready for its closeup."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 July 4.
Six-floor office building at 200 Fifth Avenue (corner of Fifth Avenue and
Market Street, Downtown), purchased by Henry Buhl, Jr. in 1923 (built
ten years earlier), whose Buhl Foundation built Buhl Planetarium in 1939.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 April 29.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny Regional Asset District. 2008 April 28.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Graham, Francis. " Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Letter. To City and County Public Officials. 2008 April 24.

* Letters to Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh President Dr. David M. Hillenbrand,
regarding refusal to allow Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh
to tour Carnegie Science Center Warehouse (where historic Buhl Planetarium artifacts
are stored), with Port Authority of Allegheny County tour group:
** Walsh, Glenn A. Letter to Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh President
Dr. David M. Hillenbrand. 2008 April 10.

Letter *** Attachment including Inventory of Buhl Artifacts Moved to Carnegie Science Center
** Graham, Francis G. Letter to Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh President
Dr. David M. Hillenbrand.
2008 April 9.

* Walsh, Glenn A. Letters-to-the-Editor:
"About my views." (Last letter of six letters on web page)
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 March 29.
Response to letter-to-the-editor personal attack,
regarding both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium,
published in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 1.
Original, more detailed response was e-mailed to the
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 5.

* Walsh, Glenn A. Letter-to-the-Editor:
"Demanding transparency from local museum." (Second of two letters on web page)
Pittsburgh City Paper 2008 March 19.
Regarding current Carnegie Science Center "Bodies" exhibition,
and the sale, in the 1990s, of original Buhl Planetarium human-anatomy exhibit,
"Transpara," to the Cleveland Health Museum to be used as spare parts
for their transparent woman exhibit.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Response to Personal Attack in Post-Gazette."
Address. Allegheny County Council. 2008 March 18.
Response of Glenn A. Walsh to personal attack in "Belated opposition"
letter-to-the-editor in 2008 Jan. 1 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, regarding
both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Response to Personal Attack in Post-Gazette."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 March 18.
Response of Glenn A. Walsh to personal attack in "Belated opposition"
letter-to-the-editor in 2008 Jan. 1 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, regarding
both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

* 2008 Feb. - Recent News of Controversy Regarding "Bodies...the Exhibition"
at The Carnegie Science Center,

Including claims of use of bodies of Chinese political prisoners
by the ABC-TV news show "20/20."

* NASA Space Shuttle Atlantis Mission STS 122 Updates Click Here --
Mission STS 122 commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick, who was inspired by
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Response to Personal Attack in Post-Gazette."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny County Library Association. 2008 Feb. 18.
Response of Glenn A. Walsh to personal attack in "Belated opposition"
letter-to-the-editor in 2008 Jan. 1 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, regarding
both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

* Rothstein, Edward. "Planetarium Review, Looking at the Stars From Angles Old and New."
The New York Times 2008 Feb. 16.
Regarding Adler Planetarium, Chicago.

* Space Shuttle Atlantis Launched 2008 Feb. 7, 2:45:31 p.m. EST,
commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick, who was inspired by
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science --
** Zapadka, Pete. "Space shuttle commanded by Richland grad lifts off."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2008 Feb. 7.
** "NASA was anxious to get Atlantis flying."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review/AP 2008 Feb. 8.

* LATE Wednesday Night/EARLY Thursday Morning, January 16-17, 2008 -
Former Buhl Planetarium Curator James J. Mullaney will be interviewed
on the nationally-syndicated, overnight radio program, Coast to Coast AM
LATE Wednesday Night/EARLY Thursday Morning, January 16-17, 2008,
which begins at 1:00 a.m. EST (interview will probably occur 2:00 to 5:00 a.m.).
In Pittsburgh, the interview can be heard on WPGB-FM 104.7 MHZ and WPTT-AM 1360 KHZ.
Additionally, you can scan the AM radio dial at night and find the program on numerous
out-of-town AM radio stations from cities such as Charlotte, Richmond, Cleveland,
Des Moines, Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, Albany, Louisville, and Youngstown.
More Details.

* 2008 Jan. 7 - Reuse, by The Carnegie Science Center (beginning in 2007) of original Buhl Planetarium
"Snowballs on Summer Solstice Day" promotion (from 1985).

* 2007 Oct. 23 - The Times-Herald, Newnan GA:
Carnegie Library prospects hailed by an expert on Carnegie libraries, Glenn A. Walsh.
By W. WINSTON SKINNER
(Article appeared under banner headline, at top of first page.)
Mentions Friends of the Zeiss, The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular
Science, and the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector.

* 2007 Oct. - Historic Abraham Lincoln Artifacts Sold-off by
County of Allegheny, Pennsylvania to the
Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center

* 2007 Aug. 27 - Public Statement:
Before Allegheny Regional Asset District
By Glenn A. Walsh:
Children’s Museum Needs Additional Revenue
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version
Utilizing historic Buhl Planetarium equipment and artifacts will produce
additional revenue, to help offest the loss of $200,000 of State funding,
while helping teach Science to children visiting Children's Museum. Also,
money for additional computers would provide more public benefit by being
granted to the library systems' Electronic Information Network.

* 2007 July 19 - New Interactive On-Line Guide to International Space Station --
With video introduction and narration by NASA Astronaut Mike Fincke, who credits
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science for his
interest in becoming an astronaut. Mike Fincke served as a science officer and
flight engineer on the International Space Station during Expedition 9.

NASA News Release *** Science Daily/UPI News Story
ISS Web Site with On-Line Interactive Tour *** Biography of NASA Astronaut Mike Fincke

* 2007 March 27 - News Release:
Science Center Misses Second Deadline to Reassemble Historic Zeiss Projector
Despite $1 Million Planetarium Rehab in 2006

“It is now quite clear that The Carnegie Science Center has no interest
in the historic Buhl Planetarium artifacts and has no intentions of
reassembling them; they do not see display of these artifacts as part
of their mission. All of their ‘delays’ are simply meant to drag-out
the process, hoping that people will forget these artifacts exist—the old adage:
‘out of sight, out of mind’ !” according to Friends of the Zeiss Project
Director Glenn A. Walsh.


Newly-Created Web Pages on History of Buhl Planetarium
and Friends of the Zeiss Web Sites

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.
"Quick History and Current Use of Building by Children's Museum."
Updated Web Page.
History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh 2013 Dec. 28.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Historic Flag Pole At Pittsburgh's Original
"Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."
Web Page.
History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh 2013 Dec. 7.
Also see: Historic Buhl Planetarium Flag Pole Refurbished, Back-in-Use (2013 Dec. 7).

Walsh, Glenn A. "John Fitzgerald Kennedy: The Loss of the Man Who Sent Us to the Moon - A Personal Remembrance From 50 Years Ago." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Nov. 22.
Starting on my tenth birthday (1965 November 12) I made my first of many visits (particularly during junior high school)
to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. Years later, I would go on to become
Astronomical Observatory Coordinator and a Planetarium Lecturer at the original Buhl Planetarium, as well as Curator
of a fairly unique embryology exhibit where chicks (and occasionally ducklings) were hatched before visitors' eyes
every weekend.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Laserium: 40th Anniversary." Blog Post.
SpaceWatchtower 2013 Nov. 19.
2013 November 19 marks the 40th anniversary of the musical concert set to laser lights known as Laserium,
once seen in many planetaria worldwide, including Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of
Popular Science (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center). As Laserium is considered the first on-going laser show that
was not part of a special or one-time event, it is also thought that Laserium launched the international
laser display industry.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Eve Pierce, European Correspondent Reporting for SpaceWatchtower."
Friends of the Zeiss 2013 May 4.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/weblog/spacewatchtower/pearcee/index.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Transit of Venus - Frequently Asked Questions."
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 29.

"JUNE 5 - SAFE PUBLIC VIEWING OF RARE ASTRONOMICAL EVENT WITH
4.5-INCH REFLECTOR TELESCOPE AT MT. LEBANON PUBLIC LIBRARY
. News Release.
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 29.
Includes Transit of Venus - Frequently Asked Questions.

"June 5 - Safe Public Viewing of Rare Astronomical Event." Poster/Flyer 2.
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 23.

"June 5 - Safe Public Viewing of Rare Astronomical Event." Poster/Flyer 1.
Friends of the Zeiss 2012 May 13.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Public Observation: 1761 Venus Transit." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2011 June 21.
< http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/venustransit/1761public.html >
Possible first documented observation, by members of the general public,
of a Transit of the Planet Venus across the image of the Sun.

Walsh, Glenn A. "John D. Weinhold, 1929 to 2011." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2011 May 16.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/fotz/jaydee/ >
Memorial page for former Buhl Planetarium Observatory volunteer John D. Weinhold.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2011." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2011 Jan. 1.
< http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2011.html >
This Internet Web Page is updated each month, with that month's
Astronomical Calendar.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The 1920 Great Debate on the Scale of the Universe."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2010 May 11.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/greatdebate.html >.
Debate between Heber D. Curtis, Director of the Allegheny Observatory, and
Harlow Shapley, who gave the keynote address at the 1941 dedication of the
10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope of Pittsburgh's original Buhl
Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
.

Walsh, Glenn A. "American Presidential Inauguration of Barack H. Obama, Chronology."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2010 Jan. 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/archivenews/spacefaring/Inaug-Chron.htm >.
National Institute of Standards and Technology time signals used, to provide
precise chronology of inauguration events.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2010." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2010 Jan. 1.
< http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2010.html >
This Internet Web Page is updated each month, with that month's
Astronomical Calendar.

Walsh, Glenn A. "A Brief History of Analog Television Broadcasting in Pittsburgh."
History of WQEX-TV 16 Web Site 2009 July 24.
< http://andrewcarnegie2.tripod.com/wqex/Brief_History_of_Analog_TV_Pgh.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Historic Mission of Apollo 11
Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time
A Personal Remembrance From 40 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/Apolloremembrance.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Sighting Opportunities -- International Space Station."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 6.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/FAQ/sightopportun/ISS.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Citizen Science Projects."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 June 9.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/FAQ/citizenscience.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Children's Planetarium Shows at
Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 22.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow/children/ >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Foreign Language Festival at
Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow/foreignlanguage/ >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama
At Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 13.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow/bethlehem/ >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Planetarium Sky Dramas at Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science -
The Sky Shows."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 13.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Visit to the Astronomical Observatory of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science by the
Alternative Curriculum Astronomy Workshop, The Tripoli Federation
1975 April 2
And Annual Workshop Exhibit at Buhl Planetarium."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 March 14.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/observatory/tripolivisit.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2009." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 Jan. 1.
< http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2009.html >
This Internet Web Page is updated each month, with that month's
Astronomical Calendar.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2008 April.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/art-buhlplanetarium.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Allegheny Public Square Plaza/Park, North Side, Pittsburgh
(formerly Ober Park)."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2008 Jan.
< http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/allegsq/EM-AllegSq.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2008." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2008 Jan. 1.
< http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2008.html >
This Internet Web Page is updated each month, with that month's
Astronomical Calendar.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2007." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2007 Jan. 1.
< http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2007.html >
This Internet Web Page is updated each month, with that month's
Astronomical Calendar.

Walsh, Glenn A. ""Firsts" & World Records of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 Oct. 11
< http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/Buhl_Planetarium_Firsts.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.
Quick History and
Current Use of Building by Children's Museum."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 March.
< http://venustransit.pghfree.net/fotz/quickhistory.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Challenger Disaster Viewed at
Pittsburgh’s Buhl Planetarium
A Personal Remembrance From 20 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 Jan.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/2006ChallengerBuhl.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Astronomical Calendar - A.D. 2006." Internet Web Page.
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 Jan. 1.
< http://buhlplanetarium4.tripod.com/astrocalendar/2006.html >
This Internet Web Page is updated each month, with that month's
Astronomical Calendar.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Amateur Science Clubs at
The Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2005 June 3.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/amateurscience.html >.


Astronomy, Space, and Science News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Current Astronomy, Space, and Science News

NASA Mission Updates

Special News Topics

New Books

Radio and Television Programs

Current News:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

News Archives:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

News: Astronomy, Space, Science

NASA Mission Updates--

Launch Schedule *** Current Missions *** Future Missions *** Past Missions

* Space Shuttle Mission Updates: NASA *** CBS News

Mission Updates: Phoenix Probe to Mars Arctic Region
(Phoenix successfully landed on Mars on 2008 May 25.)

Mission Updates: Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST)
(GLAST successfully launched 2008 June 11.)

OTHER NASA NEWS --

NASA SCIENCE NEWS *** NASA NEWS AND NEWS RELEASES

JET PROPULSION LABORATORY NEWS AND NEWS RELEAES

SCIENCE NEWS RSS FEED
(RSS reader, like the ones at < http://blogspace.com/rss/readers > needed to access feed.)

NASA Watch

ALSO SEE: Current Astronomy, Space, and Science News

International Space Station Viewing Opportunities

Other Space Shuttle Missions:
* STS-126 Commanded by Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) Native Chris Ferguson (2008 November)
* STS-122 - Commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick,
inspired by Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium (2008 February)
* STS-118 - Teacher-in-Space Mission Completed (2007 August)
* STS 51-L - Tragedy of Space Shuttle Challenger, as viewed from
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium (1986 January)
ALSO:
* 1969 July 20 - The Historic Mission of Apollo 11, Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time

***

New Books - Astronomy, Space, Science

Nicholas Nicastro,
"Circumference: Eratosthenes and the Ancient Quest to Measure the Globe."
New York: St. Martin's Press, 2008. Pp. xi, 223. ISBN 9780312372477. $23.95.
Review of Book.

Marchant, Jo. "Review: Time in Antiquity by Robert Hannah."
New Scientist Magazine 2009 Jan. 28.

Pelling, Nick. Review of “The Long Route to the Invention of the Telescope."
CipherMysteries.com 2008 Nov. 16.

Acocella, Joan. "The Forbidden World
Did a sixteenth-century heretic grasp the nature of the cosmos?"

The New Yorker Magazine 2008 Aug. 25.

Particle or Wave: The Evolution of the Concept of Matter in Modern Physics

Sacred Mathematics: Japanese Temple Geometry

Radio and Television Programs - Astronomy, Space, Science

Radio Programs:

Daily: StarDate *** Innovation Now (NASA) *** Former Discovery Now Radio Program (NASA) *** Pulse of the Planet (children)
Earth and Sky *** The Old Farmer's Almanac Radio Report

Weekdays (sometimes aired weekends): Science Today (CBS Radio Network)

Weekly (National Public Radio (NPR)):
Friday, 2:00 p.m. Eastern Time, broadcast live - Talk of the Nation – Science Friday
Weekends - RadioLab

National Geographic Radio Programs

Computer and Technology Topics - Daily Radio Features:

Kim Komando (Also Weekly Talk Show) *** Bloomberg Bootcamp

Natural Sciences radio programs hosted by Dr. Scott Shalaway:
The Wild Side: Saturday, 8:00 to 10:00 a.m. - WVLY-AM 1370, Wheeling WV: Link 1 *** Link 2 *** Listen Live to the Show
The Wild Side: Saturday, 8:00 to 9:00 a.m. - WKKX-AM 1600, Wheeling WV:
Special Note: The Birds and Nature Sunday, Noon - 2:00 p.m.: WMNY-AM 1360, Pittsburgh radio show
was discontinued after the show of 2013 September 29, due to the change in management of the radio station.
Many past episodes of this show are archived on < www.talkshoe.com >.
Internet Web Sites of Dr. Scott Shalaway: Link 1 *** Link 2

Television Programs:

"400 Years of the Telescope."
Broadcast: PBS-TV 2009 April 10, 10:00 p.m. EDT

Upcoming Science and Nature Programs on WQED-TV 13, Pittsburgh

Weekly (PBS): Star Gazers ( Web Site of Original "Star Hustler"/"Star Gazer") *** SkyWeek (Sky & Telescope Magazine)

Nova *** Nature *** DragonFlyTV (children)

Cable Television:

National Geographic Channel *** Discovery Channel * Science Channel

Weather Channel

***

Current Astronomy, Space, and Science News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

Astronomy, Space, Science

SpaceWatchtower Blog

FOTZeiss: Mail-Group 1 (Venus2) * Archives ** Mail-Group 2 (VenusTransit) * Archives

Current News:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss:

News ** On-going Issues

Twitter Page: SpaceWatchtower ** Facebook Page: SpaceWatchtower
Blog Page: SpaceWatchtower

Space Science:

Yahoo! News ** Google News: Space * Astronomy

Space Daily ** SpaceRef.com ** Space.com ** Astronaut Jay Apt

The Space Review ** Space Policy Online.com

Blogs: SpaceWatchtower *** The Planetary Society

Networks:
FOX News ** ABC (Australia): Astronomy/Space * Spacecraft

NASA Updates

Slooh Robotic Telescope, Internet Service:
Internet Events * Cover Page * Wikipedia Page

Twitter Page: SpaceWatchtower ** Facebook Page: SpaceWatchtower
Blog Page: SpaceWatchtower

Astronomy/Space - Magazines:

Sky & Telescope ** Astronomy ** New Scientist

Aviation Week & Space Technology ** Air & Space Smithsonian

Science:

Yahoo! News ** Google News ** Live Science

Science Daily ** Universe Today

Magazines:
Science Now (Science Magazine) ** Science News

Discovery Magazine ** New Scientist

Scientific American: News * In-Depth News * Science * Features

National Geographic: News * Science

Networks:
PBS ** ABC (USA) ** CBS ** MSNBC/NBC ** CNN

FOX News ** ABC (Australia) ** BBC ** CBC

Special Note Regarding News Reports and Links

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss
News Archives Page

News Archive:
News: Astronomy, Space, Science

THIS MONTH'S
ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR

Past Months/Calendar Archives
Astro-Glossary of Terms Used
10,000 Year Calendar

Historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. 2014: 75th Year of Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium

2014 December
National Handwashing Awareness Month

1st Test Launch -
NASA Orion Deep-Space Vehicle
:
Dec. 4

WINTER BEGINS: Dec. 21

* Geminid Meteor Shower:
Dec. 13 to 14
* Ursid Meteor Shower:
Dec. 22

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.32166 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets, Stars, Sky Events:
Today *** This Week
Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

2014 Equinoxes (EQX), Solstices (SOLC), and Cross-Quarter (XQ) Days
2014 Chronological Cycles and Eras
Dominical Letter: "E" - Used in a Perpetual Calendar. For Year 2014.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

* Nov. 27 to Dec. 1 - Thanksgiving Holiday Weekend (Thanksgiving Day through following Monday).
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours during this holiday weekend --
Thursday, Friday, Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (Friday - Observatory to 10:30 p.m.) EST
Sunday: 12:00 Noon to 9:30 p.m. EST
Monday: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST

* December marks 75 years after the beginning of the classic, "Star of Bethlehem" planetarium sky drama at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. This traditional, holiday sky show, which provides possible, astronomical explanations for the star that guided the Three Wisemen to the Christ child, has been shown at Buhl Planetarium every Christmas season since 1939, and it is being shown this month at the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center under the title, "The Christmas Star." This graphic was used to promote the show in Buhl's monthly, public newsletter, during Buhl Planetarium's 50th anniversary in 1989. More on this historic sky show, including a complete copy of the 1979 show script.

* Mon., Dec. 1 - Cyber Monday (Monday after Black Friday).

* Mon., Dec. 1 - Pennsylvania: First day of Deer (Antlered and Antlerless) Hunting Season by Rifle (Monday after Thanksgiving Day).
[Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours on this day (9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST), as some school districts were closed this day.]

* Mon., Dec. 1 - First day of Meteorological Winter (Dec. 1).

* Mon., Dec. 1 - Beginning of Summer Season in Australia (Dec. 1).

* Mon., Dec. 1 (1964) - 50th Anniversary of the Tripoli Rocket Club, now known as the Tripoli Rocketry Association , was founded in Rillton, Pennsylvania near Irwin, Pennsylvania, in the Pittsburgh Metropolitan Area. Francis G. Graham, today Professor Emeritus of Physics at Kent State University, was one of the key founders (Dec. 1).

* Mon., Dec. 1 - World AIDS Day (Dec. 1).

* Mon., Dec. 1, 7:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 2, 0:00 UTC - Uranus 1.2 degrees south of the Moon; occultation: Western Canada, Eastern Alaska, Arctic Region.

* Tue., Dec. 2 - Giving Tuesday - Day for people to donate time and/or money to needy charities, following the Thanksgiving Weekend beginning of the holiday shopping season (Tuesday after Black Friday).

* Wed., Dec. 3 - International Day of Persons with Disabilities (Dec. 3).

* Thur., Dec. 4, 7:05 a.m. EST / 12:05 UTC - Scheduled first test launch of NASA's Orion Deep-Space Vehicle. Live coverage via Internet web-cast at Mt. Lebanon Public Library in south suburban Pittsburgh, 9:00 am. to 12:30 p.m.

* Fri., Dec. 5 - International Volunteer Day (IVD) (Dec. 5).

* Sat., Dec. 6 - Feast of Saint Nicholas (Traditional: Gregorian Calendar) (Dec. 6).

* Sat., Dec. 6, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Star Aldebaran 1.4 degrees south of the Moon.

* Sat., Dec. 6, 7:27 a.m. EST / 12:27 UTC - Moon Phase: Full Moon (Cold Moon or Long-Nights Moon).

* Sat., Dec. 6, 10:00 a.m. EST / 15:00 UTC - 1st Anniversary of the dedication of the Southwestern Pennsylvania World War II Memorial located near other memorials, remembering veterans of the Korea and Vietnam conflicts, in the Roberto Clemente North Shore Riverfront Park, a few blocks southwest of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Dec. 7 to 13 - National Handwashing Awareness Week (First full week of December).

* Dec. 7 to 13 - National Influenza Vaccination Week.

* Sun., Dec. 7 (1941) - Anniversary of Japanese surprise attack on American Naval Fleet, leading to American entry into World War II: Pearl Harbor Day (Dec. 7).

* Dec. 8 to 14 - Computer Science Education Week.

* Mon., Dec. 8 - Mercury at aphelion.

* Mon., Dec. 8, 5:00 a.m. EST / 10:00 UTC - Mercury in superior conjunction with the Sun (Mercury not visible, even with a telescope).

* Mon., Dec. 8, 11:20 p.m. EST / Dec. 9, 4:20 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Tue., Dec. 9, 7:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 10, 0:00 UTC - Asteroid / Dwarf Planet Ceres in conjunction with the Sun (Ceres not visible, even with a telescope).

* Wed., Dec. 10 - Human Rights Day (Dec. 10).

* Thur., Dec. 11, 11:00 p.m. EST / Dec. 12, 4:00 UTC - Jupiter 5 degrees north of the Moon.

* Fri., Dec. 12 - Mars at perihelion.

* Fri., Dec. 12, 12:16 p.m. EST / 17:16 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Fri., Dec. 12, 6:00 p.m. EST / 23:00 UTC - Moon at apogee: 404,581 kilometers.

* Sat., Dec. 13 - Feast of Saint Lucy celebrated on the longest night of the year of the Juilian Calendar, prior to Gregorian calendar reform (Dec. 13).

* 2014 Dec. 14 to 2015 Jan. 5 - CITIZEN SCIENCE: Audubon Society Christmas Bird Count (Dec. 14 to Jan. 5).

* Sun., Dec. 14 - Beginning of two-week period, centering on the Winter Solstice: Halcyon Days of December, when it is believed the seas would be calm and winds light (Dec. 14).

* Sun., Dec. 14, 7:00 a.m. EST / 12:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of Geminid Meteor Shower (Dec. 13 to 14).

* Sun., Dec. 14, 7:51 a.m. EST / 12:51 UTC - Moon Phase: Last Quarter.

* Mon., Dec. 15 (1791) - Anniversary of the ratification of the Bill of Rights amendments to the Constitution of the United States of America (Dec. 15).

* Dec. 16, Sunset (Sunset in Pittsburgh: 4:54 p.m. EST) to Dec. 24 - Hanukkah or Chanukah (Jewish festival of rededication, also known as the Festival of Lights.); date of Hanukkah based on the Hebrew calendar, which is a lunisolar calendar.

* Tue., Dec. 16, 1:12 a.m. EST / 6:12 UTC - Double-shadow (shadows of 2 Galilean Moons) transit on Jupiter; visible, with difficulty, through telescope after sunset or before sunrise.

* Wed., Dec. 17 - Beginning of ancient, week-long Roman festival of Saturnalia, which marked the end of the Autumn harvest and beginning of Winter planting; known for gift giving and feasting (Dec. 17).

* Wed., Dec. 17 - Wright Brothers Day, commemorating the first powered flight of a man in 1903, credited to the Wright Brothers (Dec. 17).

* Thur., Dec. 18 - Free Shipping Day by Internet merchants for delivery of Christmas gifts by Christmas Eve (Third week in December).

* Fri., Dec. 19 - Feast of Saint Nicholas (Orthodox: Julian Calendar) (Dec. 19).

* Fri., Dec. 19, 4:00 p.m. EST / 21:00 UTC - Saturn 1.5 degrees south of the Moon.

* Dec. 21 to Jan. 1 - Christmas Day / New Year's Day Holiday Week (approx. Christmas Day to New Year's Day, including adjacent weekends).
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science scheduled expanded public hours during this holiday week --
Monday through Saturday: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. (Friday - Observatory to 10:30 p.m.) EST
Sunday:12:00 Noon to 9:30 p.m. EST
EXCEPT -
Christmas Day: Closed
Christmas Eve, New Year's Eve: 9:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. EST (If Sunday, opened at 12:00 Noon)
New Year's Day: 9:00 a.m. to 9:30 p.m. EST (If Sunday, opened at 12:00 Noon)

* Sun., Dec. 21 - Homeless Persons' Memorial Day - The first day of winter. The longest night of the year (Dec. 21).

* Sun., Dec. 21, 6:03 p.m. EST / 23:03 UTC - Winter Solstice: beginning of Winter season in Earth's Northern Hemisphere.
Also see: "The Stars of Winter" and "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Dramas (web sites include entire planetarium show scripts), performed each Winter in the Theater of the Stars of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Sun., Dec. 21, 8:36 p.m. EST / Dec. 22, 1:36 UTC - Moon Phase: New Moon - Lunation #1138.

* Mon., Dec. 22, 3:00 p.m. EST / 20:00 UTC (Best viewing: Midnight to Dawn) - Peak of the Ursid Meteor Shower (Dec. 22).

* Tue., Dec. 23, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Venus 6 degrees south of the Moon.

* Wed., Dec. 24 - Eve of Christmas Day (Traditional) (Dec. 24).

* Wed., Dec. 24 (1968), 4:59 a.m. EST / 9:59 UTC - Anniversary of the first manned space flight to enter orbit of another planetary body (Earth's Moon): Apollo 8 (Dec. 24).

* Wed., Dec. 24, 12:00 Noon EST / 17:00 UTC - Moon at perigee: 364,797 kilometers.

* 2014 Dec. 25 to 2015 Jan. 5 - The 12 days of Christmas (Dec. 25).

* Thur., Dec. 25 - Christmas Day (Traditional) or Feast of the Nativity (Dec. 25).
The classic "Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama performed every Christmas holiday season, 1939 through 1990, in the Theater of the Stars at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Thur., Dec. 25 - Winter Solstice according to ancient calendars (Dec. 25).

* Thur., Dec. 25, 3:00 a.m. EST / 8:00 UTC - Mars 6 degrees south of the Moon.

* 2014 Dec. 26 to 2015 Jan. 1 - Kwanzaa - Week-long holiday observance honoring African-American heritage (Dec. 26).

* Fri., Dec. 26 - Boxing Day (Dec. 26).

* Fri., Dec. 26 - Feast of St. Stephen (Dec. 26).

* Fri., Dec. 26 - Venus at aphelion.

* Sun., Dec. 28, 1:31 p.m. EST / 18:31 UTC - Moon Phase: First Quarter.

* Mon., Dec. 29, 12:00 Midnight EST / 5:00 UTC - Uranus 1.0 degree south of the Moon; occultation: Japan, northeastern portion of Russia, Arctic Ocean, northern portion of Canada, Alaska.

* Wed., Dec. 31 - Make Up Your Mind Day (Dec. 31).

* Wed., Dec. 31 - Eve of New Year's Day (Traditional) (Dec. 31).

* Wed., Dec. 31, 7:00:00 p.m. EST / Jan. 1, 00:00:00 Coordinated Universal Time marking the beginning of the New Year (A.D. 2015) by the Coordinated Universal Time scale, the time scale used by many scientists (Dec. 31).

* Thur., 2015 Jan. 1, 12:00:00 Midnight (00:00:00) Prevailing Time / 5:00:00 Coordinated Universal Time which correlates with 12:00:00 Midnight EST - New Year's Day: Calendar Year A.D. 2015 begins (Jan. 1).

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astro Calendar
Current Month

Astro Calendar
Archives

10,000 Year Calendar


NEWS: Planetarium, Astronomy/Sky Events, Space, Science; PRECISE TIME, WEATHER
ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR: Current Month

SpaceWatchtower Blog

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related News:
Current News
On-going Issues
Archives
SpaceWatchtower Blog
FOTZeiss: Mail-Group 1 (Venus2) * Archives ** Mail-Group 2 (VenusTransit) * Archives
Twitter Page: SpaceWatchtower *** Facebook Page: SpaceWatchtower
Blog Page: SpaceWatchtower

Astronomy, Space, and Science News:
Current News:
Twitter Page: SpaceWatchtower * Facebook Page: SpaceWatchtower
Blog Page: SpaceWatchtower
News Services
Special News Topics
Archives
SpaceWatchtower Blog
FOTZeiss: Mail-Group 1 (Venus2) * Archives ** Mail-Group 2 (VenusTransit) * Archives

NASA Mission Updates

Newly-Created Web Pages

New Books

Radio and Television Programs

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Current Sky Events & Astronomical Phenomena

Sun/Moon Rise/Set Times (Pittsburgh)

This Month's Astronomical Calendar

Precise Time

Current Weather (Pittsburgh)

See an Unexplained Object in the Sky? Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss!




Images and Information: City of Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session
of the Historic Transit of Venus - 2004 June 8
Co-Sponsored By: Friends of the Zeiss and The Duquesne Incline

New Book: Theaters of Time and Space
American Planetaria, 1930-1970

By Jordan D. Marche II Discusses the beginning of planetarium theaters in America, with some emphasis on the first five major American planetaria built in the 1930s, including Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.


Buhl Planetarium Operated for the Public:
October 24, 1939 through August 31, 1991
[Operated by Carnegie Institute
from January, 1987 through February, 1994]

This Internet, World Wide Web Site is dedicated to the history of a pioneer in the fields of planetaria and informal Science education for the public: The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A. Most people referred to the entire institution as simply "Buhl Planetarium" [except from 1982 February through 1991 August, when it was known as the Buhl Science Center]. This should not be confused with the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory, located in Pittsburgh's Carnegie Science Center, which is also sometimes referred to as "Buhl Planetarium."

The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science was the fifth major planetarium erected in the United States. The original Buhl Planetarium includes a Zeiss Mark II Planetarium Projector, now the oldest operable, major planetarium projector in the world ! And, this was the first planetarium projector in the world to be placed on an elevator, a fairly unique "worm-gear" elevator custom-built by Pittsburgh's Westinghouse Electric Company, for greater flexibility in the "Theater of the Stars." The Planetarium Theater was also the first in the world to include a stage for theatrical performances !

The original Buhl Planetarium also includes a rather unique telescope specifically designed for public viewing, although constructed at professional observatory standards. The 10-inch "Siderostat-type" Refractor Telescope, dedicated by famous Astronomer Harlow Shapley in 1941, allows the public to view celestial objects from a warm observing room, during the cold-weather months! This telescope is the world's second largest operable Siderostat-type telescope !

The exterior of the building is constructed of Indiana Limestone, with much of the interior walls[and the Foucault Pendulum Pit] composed of Florentine Marble. In the first floor's Great Hall is a large map of the world, originally created by the United States Maritime Commission for the 1939 World's Fair in New York City. At the time of creation, it was considered the largest Mercator's Projection map in the world !

The original Buhl Planetarium, which was dedicated 1939 October 24, closed as a public museum on 1991 August 31. It continued to be used as a tutorial center for The Carnegie Science Center's Science and Computer classes until 1994 February. The building and historic equipment have not been used for the benefit of the public since 1994. The historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope were nearly sold to Navarro College in central Texas in 1995, simply for display as antique equipment; there was no plan to actually use this historic equipment. The Council of the City of Pittsburgh wisely chose to keep this historic equipment in Pittsburgh; the original Buhl Planetarium building, property, equipment, and artifacts are the property of the City of Pittsburgh.

The Pittsburgh Children's Museum (now known as the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh), originally located across the street from the original Buhl Planetarium building [in the 1897 Old Allegheny Post Office building], presented a proposal to use the original Buhl Planetarium building as part of an expanded "Children's Museum/Center," in 2000. However, the Pittsburgh Children's Museum's proposal did not include retention of the historic equipment or other artifacts remaining in the original Buhl Planetarium building. Dismantling of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope occurred in 2002 October.

Although The The Carnegie Science Center did offer a proposal for reassembly of this equipment at The Carnegie Science Center building, the author seriously doubts that the Science Center would actually spend nearly one million dollars to make this equipment functional, once again--particularly considering that the Science Center currently has state-of-the-art planetarium and observatory equipment. Hence, under this proposal, if there is any reassembly of the equipment, they would be reassembled as non-functioning, antique artifacts. Considering that this equipment does function in its original installation, the disassembly and possible reassembly of non-functioning artifacts would seriously degrade the historic value of this equipment. Reassembly as a non-functioning exhibit, of the Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, did occur in the Atrium Gallery of The Carnegie Science Center with opening for public view on 2010 July 1. Other historic artifacts remain dismantled and in storage.

This historic equipment was custom-built for use in the original Buhl Planetarium building. These two pieces of equipment could not be used elsewhere without duplicating the original Planetarium Theater and the original Astronomical Observatory at a cost of nearly one million dollars.

The author has formed an organization, named " Friends of the Zeiss", to work to preserve the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, and other artifacts such as the Mercator's Projection Map of the World(largest map in the world when created for the 1939 World's Fair in New York City), and the Nat Youngblood mural on the history of steel technology(commissioned by the U.S. Steel Corporation) in the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building, located in Allegheny Center on Pittsburgh's Lower North Side. The original name of this organization, "The People's Planetarium and Observatory", was derived from the historic name of Buhl Planetarium's original Astronomical Observatory, "The People's Observatory". For simplicty, the name was changed to Friends of the Zeiss. For legal reasons, it was decided not to include the word "Buhl" in the name of this new organization. The author has told Pittsburgh City Council that a not-for-profit organization, with 501(c)(3) IRS tax-exempt status, will be formed, to raise funds to maintain these pieces of historic equipment and artifacts, if they remain in the Buhl Planetarium building; the tax-exempt status of Friends of the Zeiss is pending. Click here for mission and organizational information about Friends of the Zeiss.

Friends of the Zeiss is currently working to convince Children's Museum and City officials that retention and funtionality of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, in the original Buhl Planetarium building, will complement the proposed Pittsburgh Children's Museum and Center. Another group working to preserve The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science is called "Save the Buhl".

Click here to read a brief history of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. Or click here to go straight to the web site's Master Index.


Image of Glenn A. Walsh

About the Editor / Author
Biography of
Glenn A. Walsh

Moved to This Internet Address:

< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/weblog/spacewatchtower/gaw/index.html >


History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.

The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science:
A City Designated Historic Structure
protected by the Historic Review Commission of Pittsburgh.

Zeiss II Projector: Oldest Operable Major
Planetarium Projector in the World !

(Exhibit-only display at Carnegie Science Center)

Internet Web Site Master Index

Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
Internet World Wide Web Site: < http://www.planetarium.cc > *** Internet Web Site Credits and Special Thanks
This Master Index: < http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/#Index >
Electronic Mail: < jake@planetarium.cc >
Twitter Page: SpaceWatchtower *** Facebook Page: SpaceWatchtower *** Blog Page: SpaceWatchtower

Master Index Categories

General
History

Photo
Album

Planetarium &
Observatory

Institute &
Exhibits

Building
Physical Plant

Related
Biographies

Bios: Building
Inscriptions

Astronomical
Events

Other
History Links

Other Important Information

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse:
Tips For Safe Viewing

Quick Reference
Page - Science

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) -
Astronomy and Other Sciences

NEWS: Planetarium,
Astronomy, Space

Web Site
Cover Page

Buhl Planetarium:
Historic Landmark

Oldest
Planetarium?

What is
Friends of the Zeiss?

Friends of the Zeiss Mission &
Organizational Information

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives


Organizations Working to Preserve the Historic Buhl Planetarium

Friends of the Zeiss

Save the Buhl

Friends of the Zeiss Response to City RFP:
Buhl Planetarum Equipment & Artifacts

Buhl Planetarium Nominated by Friends of the Zeiss
To Be Historic Landmark;
Historic Designation: 2005 August

Other Science Organizations

Amateur Science Clubs
at Buhl Planetarium

Associated Organization -
South Hills Backyard Astronomers, Pittsburgh:
Web & Blog Site *** Mail Group

Blogs:
SpaceWatchtower * Graham's Corner
South Hills Backyard Astronomers

Web Sites: History of Buhl Planetarium

History of The Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh

A Project of Friends of the Zeiss

Save the Buhl

Facebook Page:
Buhl Science Center

***

Images and Information: Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session
of the Historic Transit of Venus - 2004 June 8
Co-Sponsored By: Friends of the Zeiss and The Duquesne Incline

***

New Book: Theaters of Time and Space
American Planetaria, 1930-1970

By Jordan D. Marche II

Discusses the beginning of planetarium theaters in America, with some emphasis on the first five major American planetaria built in the 1930s, including Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.
Click here for a page (Page 32) regarding Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science (once the web page loads, click the "Page 32 >>" link to see the entire page).


General History -

Web Site Cover Page
Buhl Planetarium "Firsts" and World Records
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum
Brief History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Buhl Fact Sheet
Historical Highlights
History Photo Album
Historic News Articles
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
History of the Lower North Side of Pittsburgh
Henry Buhl, Jr. Biography
Boggs and Buhl Department Store (1869 to 1958) history article
The Buhl Foundation, which funded construction of Buhl Planetarium and subsidized operations 1939 - 1982:
* Official Web Site
* Biography: Henry Buhl, Jr.
* Excerpts from the Last Will and Testament of Henry Buhl, Jr.
* History of Buhl Foundation: Link 1 *** Link 2
* Excerpt: Buhl Foundation Annual Report, 2004-2005 regarding 2005 designation of Buhl Planetarium as historic structure
Allegheny City Hall (circa 1864 to 1937) (formerly occupied site of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science)
Institutional Neighbors of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
* Allegheny Public Square Plaza/Park (formerly Ober Park)
* America's First Publicly-Funded Carnegie Library: original Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Allegheny Regional Branch (formerly Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny)
* World's First Carnegie Hall, now home to the New Hazlett Theater
* Old Allegheny Post Office building, now home to the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh
* National Aviary (formerly Pittsburgh Conservatory-Aviary)
* The Carnegie Science Center and U.S.S. Requin Submarine (which originated, in August of 1990, as a special exhibit of Buhl Planetarium on the Ohio River)
* Now demolished Boggs and Buhl Department Store
* Allegheny Center Mall and Office and Apartment Complex
* NRG Thermal Natural Gas Steam Plant
* Allegheny Traditional Academy Elementary School and Middle School (originally Allegheny High School)
* Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School
* Cardinal Wright Regional Catholic Elementary School (formerly Saint Peter's Elementary School)
Buhl Publications
Proof of the Pudding: Achievements of Buhl Alumni, 1939-1989
Buhl Planetarium Assists in Creation of The Astronomical League
Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago -- Inspiration for The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Construction of Buhl Planetarium --
* Construction Photographs
* Outer Planetarium Dome
History of Planetaria in the World
Oldest Planetarium ?
Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium
Laserium & Other Laser Shows at Buhl Planetarium

Images and Information: Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session

of the Historic Transit of Venus - 2004 June 8
Co-Sponsored By: Friends of the Zeiss and The Duquesne Incline
Pittsburgh-Area Astronauts -- James B. Irwin *** Judith A. Resnik *** Jay Apt *** Mike Fincke
NASA Administrator James C. Fletcher *** NASA Flight Director Heather Rarick
Alumni of Buhl Planetarium
Biographies: Related to Buhl Planetarium and/or Astronomy In-General

1963 Nov. 22 - John Fitzgerald Kennedy: The Loss of the Man Who Sent Us to the Moon - A Personal Remembrance From 50 Years Ago
1969 July 20 - The Historic Mission of Apollo 11, Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time - A Personal Remembrance From 40 Years Ago
1986 Jan. 28: Challenger Disaster Viewed at Buhl Planetarium - A Personal Remembrance From 20 Years Ago
1995 May 18: Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College
Friends of the Zeiss Response to City RFP: Buhl Planetarum Equipment & Artifacts
Buhl Planetarium Nominated by Friends of the Zeiss To Be Historic Landmark
Amateur Science Clubs at Buhl Planetarium
Citizen Science Projects
Web Sites - History of Buhl Planetarium: History of Buhl Planetarium, Pittsburgh *** Save the Buhl *** Facebook Page: Buhl Science Center
Organizations Working to Preserve the Historic Building, Equipment, and Artifacts of the original Buhl Planetarium:
Friends of the Zeiss *** Save the Buhl
Associated Organization - South Hills Backyard Astronomers, Pittsburgh: Web & Blog Site *** Mail Group
Blogs: SpaceWatchtower * Graham's Corner * South Hills Backyard Astronomers
American Presidential Inauguration of Barack H. Obama, Chronology -- National Institute of Standards and Technology time signals used, to provide precise chronology of inauguration events.


"Theater of the Stars" and "The People's Observatory" -

"The Theater of the Stars" - Buhl's Planetarium Theater
featuring the Zeiss Mark II Planetarium Projector
The oldest operable, major planetarium projector in the world !
Planetarium Sky Dramas at Pittsburgh's Original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science -
The Sky Shows

Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium
Laserium & Other Laser Shows at Buhl Planetarium

"The People's Observatory" - Buhl's Astronomical Observatory

featuring the Ten-inch, Siderostat-type, Refractor Telescope
Second largest Siderostat-type telesscope in the world!

Eclipse of the Sun: Safety Tips
1995 May 18: Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College
Original Buhl Planetarium Building Lease and Customs Service Agreement Regarding Buhl Planetarium's Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and Four-inch Zeiss Terrestrial Refractor Telescope
Oldest Planetarium ?
Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium
History of the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago (Inspiration for Buhl Planetarium)
Histories of Other Planetaria
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center


Institute of Popular Science / Science Center: Exhibits & Programs -

Buhl Exhibits, Programs, and Facilities
Annual Reports of Programs, Exhibits, and Attendance
Staff Handbooks
History of the BioCorner Embryology (Chick-Hatching) Exhibit
History of the Miniature Railroad and Village
Amateur Science Clubs at Buhl Planetarium
Historic Equipment and Artifacts to be Preserved
Major Facilities of Buhl Planetarium
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
Laserium & Other Laser Shows at Buhl Planetarium
The Historic Flag Pole At Pittsburgh's Original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum
Historic Buhl Exhibits Now Displayed at The Carnegie Science Center
The Carnegie Science Center


Building Physical Plant -

Architectural Studies, Floor Plans, and Technical Specifications
Building Overview
Building Exterior Photographs
Photographs of Building Construction
Construction of Buhl Planetarium --
* Construction Photographs
* Outer Planetarium Dome
Major Facilities of Buhl Planetarium
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
Historical Artifacts and Equipment Which Remain in Buhl Building
Historic Equipment and Artifacts to be Preserved
Buhl Planetarium Property, Equipment, and Artifacts, Legally Owned by the City of Pittsburgh --
* General Information
* Inventory of City of Pittsburgh Assets, Originated at Buhl Planetarium, Moved to The Carnegie Science Center
* City of Pittsburgh Inventory of "Buhl Planetarium Assets" 2002 January 23
* Original Buhl Planetarium Building Lease and Customs Service Agreement Regarding Buhl Planetarium's Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and Four-inch Zeiss Terrestrial Refractor Telescope
Friends of the Zeiss Response to City RFP: Buhl Planetarum Equipment & Artifacts
Buhl Planetarium Nominated by Friends of the Zeiss To Be Historic Landmark
Buhl "Firsts" and World Records
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum
The Historic Flag Pole At Pittsburgh's Original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science


Alumni of Buhl Planetarium and
Biographies Related to Buhl Planetarium and/or Astronomy In-General -

Alumni of Buhl Planetarium:
* Proof of the Pudding: Achievements of Buhl Alumni, 1939-1989
* Buhl Planetarium Exhibits Staff from the late 1980s
* Jay Apt - Space Shuttle Astronaut
* Christopher J. Bonar, VMD, Associate Veterinarian, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo: Former Buhl director Carl Wapiennik was very kind to me as a teenager in the early 1980's. He let me review the file on the Tesla coil in the Board Room when I was researching it to build a similar one. Because of this interaction, I was able to write to and talk by phone with Buhl Tesla coil builder George A. Kaufmann. He was 88 years old, but still very sharp. With his advice, I was able to build a similar coil, and am still a Tesla enthusiast. I later studied biology at Harvard University and received my V.M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. Several of my fellow Pittsburghers who were science majors also learned a lot at the Buhl. It influenced generations of scientists....more than anyone realizes!
* Thomas Bopp - Co-discoverer of Comet Hale-Bopp. A Youngstown, Ohio resident, who was inspired by visits to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.
* Benjamin Byrer, who painted seven large astronomical murals for Buhl Planetarium's Hall of the Universe.
* Eric G. Canali - Former Buhl Planetarium Floor Manager
* David E. Chesebrough, Ed.D. - President and Chief Executive Officer, Center of Science and Industry, Columbus, Ohio; also see Buhl Exhibits Staff from the late 1980s. Assistant Director of the Allegheny Square Annex (name given to original Buhl Planetarium building, 1991 to 1994), The Carnegie Science Center, tutorial center where Carnegie Science Center Science and Computer classes (including Astronomy classes in the original Buhl Planetaarium Theater of the Stars and Observatory) were taught, until February of 1994 when the classes were consolidated into the new Science Center building and the Buhl Planetarium building was abandoned (1991 to 1994).
* Ann Curran - While attending Duquesne University, she worked as a Buhl Planetarium Public Relations Assistant, and later as a Floor Aide. She had a long and distinguished literary career, including 22 years as Editor of Carnegie Mellon Magazine. After retirement she concentrated on poetry, and in 2012 she wrote a poem regarding her memories of working at Buhl Planetarium.
* Arthur L. Draper - Second Buhl Planetarium Director (1940 to 1967)
* Norman M. Downey - Former Buhl Planetarium Volunteer Manager; member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss
* Mike Fincke - International Space Station Astronaut
* Francis G. Graham - Professor Emeritus of Physics, Kent State University; Founder of American Lunar Society.
* Robert G. Hertrick - Started as a Volunteer at the Buhl Science Center in the 1980s and was later hired as a Floor Aide. ALSO SEE: Facebook Page & Photograph * 2013 Death Notice.
* James B. Irwin - Eighth man to walk on the Moon!
* George A. Kaufmann, builder of Buhl Planetarium's 1,200,000-volt Oudin-type Tesla Coil.
* Jim Krenn - Long-time (1988 to 2012) morning radio personality on WDVE-FM 102.5 MegaHertz (in 2014 he started appearing weekly on KDKA-AM); formerly Tour Guide (Floor Aide) at Buhl Planetarium.
* Caroljo Lee Henderson - Former Buhl Planetarium Public Relations Director; see 1985 photograph (woman on left, holding measuring tape).
* Ray Lehman, retired radio announcer who served as a Floor Supervisor and a Planetarium Show Narrator for the Buhl Science Center (a.k.a. Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science) in the early 1990s.
* Alice L. Lin - Former Buhl Planetarium Floor Aide - Photos at Thomas Jefferson High School graduation: Image 1 * Image 2 * Image 3
* Bob Mangola and Glenn A. Walsh, while students at the Shaler Junior High School, submitted a science project for the Buhl Planetarium Science Fair in the Spring of 1970.
* Vi R. Marich - Served as the Chief Accountant for Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science during the 1980s and early 1990s. See obituary.
* Former Pittsburgh Mayor Sophie Masloff, when she was a City Councilwoman in the 1980s, served as City liaison to the Board of Directors of the Buhl Science Center (a.k.a. Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science).
* John W. McCarter - Born exactly 8 years before the dedication of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, John was a life-long supporter of Buhl, which, in his youth, inspired him to build his own telescope and learn more about Astronomy and other sciences. John was also a member of Friends of the Zeiss and brought his telescope to the Friends of the Zeiss public viewing of the rare Transit of the Planet Venus across the image of the Sun at the Mount Lebanon Public Library in 2012. Regrettably, the public viewing was preempted by clouds, but the public still was able to view the event through a NASA web-cast in a library meeting room.
* Clark McClelland - Former Astronomy instructor at Buhl Planetarium; Mr. McClelland's web site: Stargate Chronicles.
* Herman Mike - Served on the Maintenance staff of Buhl Planetarium from 1958 to 1991, after the closure of Boggs and Buhl Department Store, where he was employed in a similar capacity.
* John Miller - Long-time Floor Supervisor for The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. He served on the Buhl Planetarium Floor Staff from the 1950s through the 1970s, and in the 1980s during retirement he served as a substitute Floor Supervisor. In this photograph from 1956, Mr. Miller is shown minding the queue for the Miniature Railroad and Village. In the mid-1980s, he attended a staff field trip to the original Center of Science and Industry building (originally Veterans' Memorial) in Columbus, Ohio, as plans were being formulated for construction of a larger science center in Pittsburgh, which became The Carnegie Science Center.
* Barry M. Mitnick, Ph.D. - Buhl Planetarium supporter and member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss
* James J. Mullaney - Started teaching at original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science and observing at the University of Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory at age 16 ! By the late 1960s and early 1970s, he was Curator of Exhibits and Astronomy at Buhl Planetarium and Staff Astronomer at Allegheny Observatory. He went on to become the Director of the Dupont Planetarium at the University of South Carolina, Aiken. He has worked as an Assistant Editor of Sky and Telescope Magazine and a Contributing Editor of Astronomy Magazine. He was also an instructor of Astronomy, Telescope Making, and "UFOlogy" at College Center North of the Community College of Allegheny County in Pittsburgh. He has authored several books and publications including the classic, The Finest Deep-Sky Objects (with Wally McCall, reprint from the Sky and Telescope Magazine,1978), The Cambridge Atlas of Herschel Objects (with Wil Tirion, 2009), and Star Checking Your Edmund Telescope (1977). ALSO SEE: New Book: "Celebrating the Universe!" ** National Radio Interviews: 2008 * 2013 ** 1970 Solar Eclipse.
* Mike Murray, Programs Manager, Clark Planetarium, Salt Lake City -
"Wow, I wish I would have known about this publication ("Lives Touched...Worlds Changed," Fifty Years of Alumni Achievements at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium) when it was being produced. I could have contributed! My very first planetarium experience was at the old Buhl in 1965, at 7 years old. (There, now you know how old I really am!) For me, it was definitely a life- altering moment. It was a basic sky show, but the sensation of the domed theater, the realism of the sky, the drama of the presentation, the opening of the mind - all of those emotions come rushing back whenever I think of it. It's certainly the reason I became interested in science, pursuing a career in astrophysics and then to science communications. But there was something about the "soul" of the show presenter - there was an awe-inspiring drama to the presentation that made it feel special, captivating, eye-opening. It was those attributes of the show that "got me," and I've been trying to re- create those sensations for others in every show I do. Thank you Buhl Planetarium..." (2008 September 3)
* Paul Oles (Olejniczak) - Third Buhl Planetarium Director (1967 to 1991).
* Eve Pearce - Eve Pearce is the European Correspondent reporting for the SpaceWatchtower Blog, which is a project of Friends of the Zeiss.
* Gary Purinton, retired Planetarium Teacher (retired after 25 years in June of 2005) at Falls Church High School, Fairfax County Public Schools, Virginia (suburban Washington, D.C.), now living back in his home town of Clarion, Pennsylvania (about 60 miles north of Pittsburgh). He was the originator of the Fairfax County School System Planetarium Web Site and also served as Vice-President of the Analemma Society:
"I wish I'd known about the Buhl Planetarium book, too (also see entry for Mike Murray). My first experience was probably at about seven years of age, too. However, that would have been 1957 for me. Every time my parents hinted that we might make the two hour trip down to Pittsburgh, I started begging them to go to the Buhl. I'm sure the experience contributed to my interest in science, but even more sure that it inspired me to eventually become a planetarian." (2008 September 4)
* Martin Ratcliffe - Fourth Buhl Planetarium Director (1991).
* Paul M. Ricker - Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Illinois and a Research Scientist at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). Formerly a student volunteer for the Astronomical Observatory at the original Buhl Planetarium.
* Gwen (Jennifer Katherine) Roolf - 1984 Buhl Planetarium youth volunteer, who participated in research with the California and Carnegie Planet Search Project in 2005.
* Yuri A. Saito-Loftus, M.D. - Volunteer at original Buhl Planetarium; Medical Researcher at Mayo Clinic
* Leo J. Scanlon - Co-Founder of Amateur Astronomers' Association of Pittsburgh; One of first two Buhl Planetarium Lecturers (the other. was Allegheny Observatory Director Nicholas E. Wagman) * Garth E. Schafer - Computer Learning Lab Volunteer and later Manager (1984 to 1991).
* Harlow Shapley - Noted 20th Century Astrononer: Bio 1 *** Bio 2
The 1920 Great Debate on the Scale of the Universe
Harlow Shapley and Buhl Planetarium Assist in Creation of The Astronomical League
Keynote Speaker at Dedication of the Astronomical Observatory in Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.
Astronomer's Son Wins Nobel Prize in Economics (Lloyd Shapley, son of Harlow Shapley)
* Daniel Owen Stephens - Pennsylvania Astronomical Artist and Architect, Whose Paintings Were Displayed at Buhl Planetarium, 1939-1991:
Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** List of Paintings Displayed at Buhl Planetarium
* James S. Stokley - First Buhl Planetarium Director (1939 to 1940)
* David Topper - Professor of History of Science, University of Winnipeg
* John E. Ventre - Historian for the Cincinnati Observatory, who writes on the history of Astronomy for the SpaceWatchtower Blog, which is a project of Friends of the Zeiss.
* Nicholas E. Wagman - One of the first two Buhl Planetarium Lecturers (the other was Amateur Astronomers' Association of Pittsburgh Co-founder Leo J. Scanlon) when Buhl Planetarium opened in 1939; at the time he was Director of the Allegheny Observatory.
* Glenn A. Walsh - Former Buhl Planetarium Lecturer and Astronomical Observatory Coordinator; member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss; and Author of this Internet Web Site
* Artist Eleanor Walsh Perrine.
* Carl F. Wapiennik, retired in 1983 as Vice President, Operations, of then-newly renamed Buhl Science Center.
* John D. Weinhold - Former Buhl Planetarium Observatory volunteer; member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss
* Joshua C. Whetzel, Jr. - President and Chairman of the Buhl Science Center (updated name for The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science from 1982 February through 1991 August).
* Joseph Yeager, Ph.D. - Chairman of Sommer Consulting, Inc., a licensed psychologist, a venture capitalist, a Diplomate of the American College of Forensic Examiners (ACFE) and a national board member of the ACFE division, the American Board of Law Enforcement Experts (ABLEE). Dr. Yeager credits his career choice to the original Buhl Planetarium and lectures by long-time Planetarium Director Arthur Draper.

* Pittsburgh-Area Astronauts -- James B. Irwin *** Judith A. Resnik *** Jay Apt *** Mike Fincke

NASA Administrator James C. Fletcher *** NASA Flight Director Heather Rarick

* John Quincy Adams - 6th President of the United States of America who worked to establish observatories in America, including the U.S. Naval Observatory and the Harvard College Observatory. He also worked for the establishment of the Smithsonian Institution and laid the corner stone of the Cincinnati Observatory which by 1845 housed the second largest telescope in the world.
* Tycho Brahe - 16th century Astronomer: Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Tycho Brahe's Mural Quadrant"
* John A. Brashear - Astronomer, Educator, Optician -- Web Site *** Biographical Fact Sheet
* Henry Buhl, Jr. - Bequest created Buhl Foundation which built Buhl Planetarium
* Frank Tisdale Bretherton - Construction Superintendent for the erection of Buhl Planetarium's exterior dome
* Madame Maria Sklodowska Curie - A Polish Scientist; Discoverer of Elements Radium and Polonium.
* Jeremiah Dixon - Surveyor and Astronomer, who with fellow Englishman Charles Mason (Astronomer and acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin) surveyed the famous Mason-Dixon Line, 1763-1767, as the official boundary line between the English colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland--as well as a small portion of the line eventually forming the official boundary between the American states of Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia), and an extension of this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia. Also see Transit of Venus - 1761.
* Reginald A. Fessenden - University of Pittsburgh Engineering Professor Reginald A. Fessenden demonstrated first wireless voice broadcast on Christmas Eve of 1906:
Falloon, Katie.
"Radio pioneer set stage for cell phones."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 July 28.
* Jean Bernard Léon Foucault - Inventor of Foucault Pendulum and Siderostat-type Telescope (Both at original Buhl Planetarium)
* Benjamin Franklin - Famous author, printer, scientist, inventor, politician, diplomat, nation's first Postmaster General, and one of the leading founders of the United States of America. He was an acquaintance of English Astronomer Charles Mason who surveyed the Mason-Dixon Line.
* Galileo Galilei - Italian Astronomer who first used a telescope to view the craters on the Moon, the phases of Venus, the four largest moons of Jupiter, and sunspots on the Sun.
* Edmond Halley - English Astronomer who first calcuated orbit of Halley's Comet. The Astronomical Observatory of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium provided special observing nights for the public to view Halley's Comet during the apparition of Autumn, 1985 through Spring,, 1986. In addition to Buhl Planetarium's primary telescope, the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, a 13-inch Dobsonian Reflector Telescope was also purchased for the "Halley Watch" program and used on the east and west outdoor wings of the Observatory. On certain evenings, people stood in line, in the first floor's Great Hall, for more than an hour to have the opportunity to view Halley's Comet through one of Buhl Planetarium's telescopes. As the 1985-1986 apparition of Halley's Comet did not come as close to Earth as did the 1910 apparition [when John Brashear hosted telescope observing of Halley's Comet at the new Allegheny Observatory], Buhl Planetarium could not guarentee how good a view could be seen through the telescopes by the public, and hence, only charged one dollar for the Comet viewing. Although, at this time, Buhl Planetarium's third floor Observatory was not accessible to wheelchairs [visitors had to climb steps to reach the second and third floors], on a couple occasions when a wheelchair patron wished to view the Comet, several staff members and volunteers simply carried the patron, wheelchair and all, up the steps to the Observatory. Regular weekly, evening public observing sessions [every Friday evening (7:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m., following the 7:00 p.m. planetarium show), weather-permitting, year-round] in Buhl Planetarium's Observatory were restored about a month [1986 June 13] following the conclusion of the "Halley Watch."
* Elisabetha Hevelius - Wife and observatory assistant of Johannes Hevelius:

Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Observatory of Hevelius"
* Johannes Hevelius - 17th century Astronomer; husband of Elisabetha:
Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Observatory of Hevelius"
* James Edward Keeler - Director of Allegheny Observatory (1891); Pioneered Astronomical Spectroscopy * Sameuel Pierpont Langley - Director of Allegheny Observatory (1867); Secretary of Smithsonian Institution (1887)
Developed new science of Astrophysics; pioneered heavier-than-air motorized flight
* Charles Mason - Astronomer, an acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin, who with fellow Englishman Jeremiah Dixon surveyed the famous Mason-Dixon Line, 1763-1767, as the official boundary line between the English colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland--as well as a small portion of the line eventually forming the official boundary between the American states of Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia), and an extension of this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia. Also see Transit of Venus - 1761.
* David Rittenhouse - Renowned American Astronomer and Surveyor, from Philadelphia, who completed the survey of the Mason-Dixon Line in 1784, to the now-existing southwest corner of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (problems with area Indians had prevented Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon from completing the survey in 1767). Later surveyors extended this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia.
* Harlow Shapley - Noted 20th Century Astrononer: Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** Bio 3
Keynote Speaker at Dedication of Buhl Planetarium Observatory
* Daniel Owen Stephens - Pennsylvania Astronomical Artist and Architect, Whose Paintings Were Displayed at Buhl Planetarium, 1939-1991:
Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** List of Paintings Displayed at Buhl Planetarium

Astronomers Whose Names Are Inscribed on Buhl Planetarium Exterior Walls,

Below Outer Planetarium Dome -
* Sir Isaac Newton
* Galileo Galilei
* Johannes Kepler: Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** Quotes
* Tycho Brahe: Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Tycho Brahe's Mural Quadrant"
* Nicolaus Copernicus: Bio *** Info Regarding Portrait Displayed at Buhl Planetarium
* Claudius Ptolemy: Bio 1 *** Bio 2
* Hipparchus


Major Astronomical Events Observed by --
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science or Friends of the Zeiss

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse: Tips For Safe Viewing

Important days in history of universe

* 1969 July 20 - The Historic Mission of Apollo 11, Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time

* 1970 March 7 - Eclipse of the Sun

Buhl Planetarium Curator of Exhibits and Astronomy, James J. Mullaney, observed this Total Eclipse of the Sun within the path
of totality, at the Association for Research & Enlightenment (A.R.E.), 215 67th Street in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Also, due to its occurance on a Saturday [late morning/early afternoon], when regular weekday
television programs [i.e. "soap operas"] would not be pre-empted, the Totality portion
of this Eclipse was broadcast, live, on two American television networks:
* NBC-TV News, televised in color from Mexico
[Sponsored by the Pittsburgh-based Gulf Oil Corp., which also sponsored NBC-TV coverage of
manned space exploration missions in the 1960s and early 1970s].
* CBS-TV News, apparently televised using color cameras, but poor viewing conditions and poor camera technology
made the eclipse images not much better than a black-and-white television image
[Sponsored by the Western Electric division of American Telephone and Telegraph (AT&T)/Bell System].
View YouTube video of CBS-TV broadcast (in six parts) at this link.
Additional information: Link 1 *** Link 2.

Fanning, Win. "The Monday Miscellany." Column.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 1970 March 9.
Review of television coverage of 1970 March 7 total eclipse of the Sun.

* 1972 July 10 - Eclipse of the Sun - White Sulphur Springs WV: Partial Eclipse
Radio reception experiment during Eclipse of Sun.
Anecdote: Eclipse mentioned in popular song before event!

* 1975 April 2 - Dyke, Barb V., et.al. "Saturn Through the Buhl Planetarium Heliostat."
Report of the Alternative Curriculum Astronomy Workshop,
The Tripoli Federation, Pittsburgh 1975 April 2.

* 1982 July 6 - Eclipse of the Moon - Pittsburgh: Total Eclipse --

Buhl Planetarium: Observing Party for Buhl Members

* 1983 September 24 - Conjunction of Jupiter and Uranus (whereby Uranus can be easily found)

* 1984 May 30 - Eclipse of the Sun - Partial Solar Eclipse viewed in the Astronomical Observatory of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium.

* 1985 June 21 - Annual Summer "Solstice Day" event at Buhl Planetarium

* 1986 Jan. 28 - Challenger Disaster Viewed at Buhl Planetarium

* 1991 July 11 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse

Radio reception experiment during Eclipse of Sun.
News article from the 1991 July 11 issue of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review

* 1994 May 10 - Eclipse of the Sun - Northeast, Erie County PA (Mercyhurst College Observatory): Annular Eclipse

Observed by Glenn A. Walsh and John D. Weinhold.
Part of this eclipse was broadcast, live, on Erie television station WJET-TV 24.

* 1995 May 18 - Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College

* 1998 February 26 - Eclipse of the Sun - Partial Solar Eclipse viewed in Library Park of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Canegie PA: Partial Eclipse

Eclipse Photos

* 2000 December 25 - Eclipse of the Sun - Mt. Lebanon PA: Partial Eclipse

Observed by Glenn A. Walsh

* 2001 December 14 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse

* 2002 June 10 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse

* 2004 June 8 - Transit Across Solar Disk of Planet Venus - Pittsburgh

* 2004 October 27 - Eclipse of the Moon - Pittsburgh: Total Eclipse (Deep Eclipse)

* 2005 April 8 - Eclipse of the Sun - East Pittsburgh PA (Christina Alley Observatory): Partial Eclipse (Very Slight)

* 2005 July 26 - Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science Designated City Historic Landmark: Link 1 *** Link 2

* 2005 October 17 - Observation Report (issued 2005 November 1) of Partial Eclipse of Moon, 2005 October 17:

Observer: Professor Francis G. Graham, Kent State University
(also Founder of the American Lunar Society and
Steering Committee member, Friends of the Zeiss)
Location: Beall Hall, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio
(Beall Hall: 285 degrees Azimuth; Moonset was at 283 degrees Azimuth)
Photograph: Part of Moon in Umbra, shortly after U1 contact.

* 2012 June 5, 6:04 to 8:30 p.m. EDT - Friends of the Zeiss and the Mount Lebanon Public Library co-sponsor the century's second and last public observing session of the historic Transit of the Planet Venus Across the Image of the Sun, in the Pittsburgh suburb of Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania. The public observing session took place in the Library's large upper parking lot. Unfortunately, this event was clouded-out. However, Eric G. Canali did display his 8-inch Meade reflector telescope, as well as his 20 x 80 (20 power with 80 mm objective lenses) Celestron binoculars. The public (attendance: 110) was able to view the Transit of Venus via a large-screen web-cast, from NASA, in a lower level Library meeting room.

* 2012 July 11, 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. EDT - Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh participated in the annual "Planet Party," a science educational program for children, sponsored by Assemble Pittsburgh at 5125 Penn Avenue in the Garfield section of the city. Although Mr. Walsh brought a 4-inch Astroscan reflector telescope, to show sunspots on the Sun to the children, this event was clouded-out; Mr. Walsh displayed the telescope at the event. Bill Moutz and Fred Klein, of the Amateur Astronomers' Association of Pittsburgh, also participated in this event, as they did the previous year. Nina Marie Barbuto of the Girls' Math and Science Partnership at The Carnegie Science Center coordinated this event.

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse: Tips For Safe Viewing

Professional Conferences Attended by Friends of the Zeiss


Other History Links

History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries

History of Astronomer, Educator, and Optician John A. Brashear

Friend of Andrew Carnegie

History of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

Fourth library constructed and endowed by Andrew Carnegie.

History of the Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

Captain Thomas Espy Post, Number 153, Grand Army of the Republic

Antique Telescope Society and information regarding the Society's September, 2001 Convention in Pittsburgh.

History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

America's Fifth Major Planetarium
Including oldest, operable major planetarium projector in the world !

History of the Astronomical Observatory of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Including second largest Siderostat-type telescope.

History of the Great Miniature Railroad and Village of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pgh.

History of The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, Illinois

America's First Major Planetarium

History of the Allegheny Observatory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - Link 1 *** Link 2

History of the Lower North Side of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Allegheny City Society, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Preserving the history of Allegheny City and Pittsburgh's North Side

Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Operated by the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania

Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries Photo Album

History Cover Page for the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

History Cover Page for The Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Historic cable car railway serving commuters and tourists since 1877 !

Historic Old Saint Luke Church, Burial Ground and Garden, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

The Camelot?[??s International Philanthropy Museum[in planning]
Your Use of Museum's Web Portal, for Searches, Helps Raise Funds for Museum--At NO COST To You!

Quick-Reference Page - Historic Attractions

Other Related Links


Authored By Glenn A. Walsh
Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss

This Internet Web Page: < http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com >
Internet Web Cover Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc >
Electronic Mail: < Jake@planetarium.cc >

Internet Web Site Master Index for the History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh


Disclaimer Statement: This Internet Web Site is not affiliated with the Andrew Carnegie Free Library,
Ninth Pennsylvania Reserves Civil War Reenactment Group, Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory,
The Carnegie Science Center, The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Institute, or The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.

This Internet, World Wide Web Site administered by Glenn A. Walsh.
Unless otherwise indicated, all pages in this web site are --
© Copyright 1999-2011, Glenn A. Walsh, All Rights Reserved.
The author thanks The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and the Three Rivers Free-Net for use of their digital scanner and
other computer equipment, and other assistance provided in the production of this web site.
Internet Web Site Credits and Special Thanks.
Contact Web Site Administrator: Jake@planetarium.cc

This Internet Web Site originally created 1999 September 5; moved to Lycos' Tripod.com domain 2000 August 8.
Last modified : Tuesday, 16-Dec-2014 00:30:57 EST.
You are visitor number , to this web page, since 2000 August 8.