75th Anniversary of America's 5th Major Planetarium: Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium
The Buhl Planetarium
Zeiss II Projector:
News -- Astronomy / Sky Events,
NEWS: Planetarium, Astronomy/Sky Events, Space, Science; PRECISE TIME, WEATHER
See an Unexplained Object in the Sky?
Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Internet Web Site Master Index
Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By
Friends of the Zeiss
Internet World Wide Web Site: < http://www.planetarium.cc > *** Internet Web Site Credits and Special Thanks
This Master Index: < http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/#Index >
Electronic Mail: < email@example.com >
Twitter Page: SpaceWatchtower *** Facebook Page: SpaceWatchtower *** Blog Page: SpaceWatchtower
Other Important Information
"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium Nominatedby Friends of the Zeiss
To Be Historic Landmark;
Historic Designation: 2005 August
Associated Organization -
Theaters of Time and Space
American Planetaria, 1930-1970
By Jordan D. Marche II
Web Site Cover
Buhl Planetarium "Firsts" and World Records
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum
Brief History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Buhl Fact Sheet
History Photo Album
Historic News Articles
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
History of the Lower North Side of Pittsburgh
Henry Buhl, Jr. Biography
Boggs and Buhl Department Store (1869 to 1958) history article
The Buhl Foundation, which funded construction of Buhl Planetarium and subsidized operations 1939 - 1982:
* Official Web Site
* Biography: Henry Buhl, Jr.
* Excerpts from the Last Will and Testament of Henry Buhl, Jr.
* History of Buhl Foundation: Link 1 *** Link 2
* Excerpt: Buhl Foundation Annual Report, 2004-2005 regarding 2005 designation of Buhl Planetarium as historic structure
Allegheny City Hall (circa 1864 to 1937) (formerly occupied site of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science)
Institutional Neighbors of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
* Allegheny Public Square Plaza/Park (formerly Ober Park)
* America's First Publicly-Funded Carnegie Library: original Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Allegheny Regional Branch (formerly Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny)
* World's First Carnegie Hall, now home to the New Hazlett Theater
* Old Allegheny Post Office building, now home to the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh
* National Aviary (formerly Pittsburgh Conservatory-Aviary)
* The Carnegie Science Center and U.S.S. Requin Submarine (which originated, in August of 1990, as a special exhibit of Buhl Planetarium on the Ohio River)
* Now demolished Boggs and Buhl Department Store
* Allegheny Center Mall and Office and Apartment Complex
* NRG Thermal Natural Gas Steam Plant
* Allegheny Traditional Academy Elementary School and Middle School (originally Allegheny High School)
* Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School
* Cardinal Wright Regional Catholic Elementary School (formerly Saint Peter's Elementary School)
Proof of the Pudding: Achievements of Buhl Alumni, 1939-1989
Buhl Planetarium Assists in Creation of The Astronomical League
Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago -- Inspiration for The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Construction of Buhl Planetarium --
* Construction Photographs
* Outer Planetarium Dome
History of Planetaria in the World
Oldest Planetarium ?
Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium
Laserium & Other Laser Shows at Buhl Planetarium
Images and Information: Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session
Eclipse of the Sun: Safety Tips
1995 May 18: Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College
Original Buhl Planetarium Building Lease and Customs Service Agreement Regarding Buhl Planetarium's Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and Four-inch Zeiss Terrestrial Refractor Telescope
Oldest Planetarium ?
Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium
History of the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago (Inspiration for Buhl Planetarium)
Histories of Other Planetaria
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center
John Quincy Adams - 6th President of the United States of America who worked to establish observatories in America, including the U.S. Naval Observatory and the Harvard College Observatory. He also worked for the establishment of the Smithsonian Institution and laid the corner stone of the Cincinnati Observatory which by 1845 housed the second largest telescope in the world.
* Tycho Brahe - 16th century Astronomer: Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Tycho Brahe's Mural Quadrant"
* John A. Brashear - Astronomer, Educator, Optician -- Web Site *** Biographical Fact Sheet
* Henry Buhl, Jr. - Bequest created Buhl Foundation which built Buhl Planetarium
* Frank Tisdale Bretherton - Construction Superintendent for the erection of Buhl Planetarium's exterior dome
* Madame Maria Sklodowska Curie - A Polish Scientist; Discoverer of Elements Radium and Polonium.
* Jeremiah Dixon - Surveyor and Astronomer, who with fellow Englishman Charles Mason (Astronomer and acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin) surveyed the famous Mason-Dixon Line, 1763-1767, as the official boundary line between the English colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland--as well as a small portion of the line eventually forming the official boundary between the American states of Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia), and an extension of this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia. Also see Transit of Venus - 1761.
* Reginald A. Fessenden - University of Pittsburgh Engineering Professor Reginald A. Fessenden demonstrated first wireless voice broadcast on Christmas Eve of 1906:
Falloon, Katie. "Radio pioneer set stage for cell phones."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2010 July 28.
* Jean Bernard Léon Foucault - Inventor of Foucault Pendulum and Siderostat-type Telescope (Both at original Buhl Planetarium)
* Benjamin Franklin - Famous author, printer, scientist, inventor, politician, diplomat, nation's first Postmaster General, and one of the leading founders of the United States of America. He was an acquaintance of English Astronomer Charles Mason who surveyed the Mason-Dixon Line.
* Galileo Galilei - Italian Astronomer who first used a telescope to view the craters on the Moon, the phases of Venus, the four largest moons of Jupiter, and sunspots on the Sun.
* Edmond Halley - English Astronomer who first calcuated orbit of Halley's Comet. The Astronomical Observatory of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium provided special observing nights for the public to view Halley's Comet during the apparition of Autumn, 1985 through Spring,, 1986. In addition to Buhl Planetarium's primary telescope, the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, a 13-inch Dobsonian Reflector Telescope was also purchased for the "Halley Watch" program and used on the east and west outdoor wings of the Observatory. On certain evenings, people stood in line, in the first floor's Great Hall, for more than an hour to have the opportunity to view Halley's Comet through one of Buhl Planetarium's telescopes. As the 1985-1986 apparition of Halley's Comet did not come as close to Earth as did the 1910 apparition [when John Brashear hosted telescope observing of Halley's Comet at the new Allegheny Observatory], Buhl Planetarium could not guarentee how good a view could be seen through the telescopes by the public, and hence, only charged one dollar for the Comet viewing. Although, at this time, Buhl Planetarium's third floor Observatory was not accessible to wheelchairs [visitors had to climb steps to reach the second and third floors], on a couple occasions when a wheelchair patron wished to view the Comet, several staff members and volunteers simply carried the patron, wheelchair and all, up the steps to the Observatory. Regular weekly, evening public observing sessions [every Friday evening (7:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m., following the 7:00 p.m. planetarium show), weather-permitting, year-round] in Buhl Planetarium's Observatory were restored about a month [1986 June 13] following the conclusion of the "Halley Watch."
* Elisabetha Hevelius - Wife and observatory assistant of Johannes Hevelius:
Astronomers Whose Names Are
Inscribed on Buhl Planetarium Exterior Walls,
* Galileo Galilei
* Johannes Kepler: Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** Quotes
* Tycho Brahe: Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Tycho Brahe's Mural Quadrant"
* Nicolaus Copernicus: Bio *** Info Regarding Portrait Displayed at Buhl Planetarium
* Claudius Ptolemy: Bio 1 *** Bio 2
* 1970 March 7 - Eclipse of the Sun
"The Monday Miscellany." Column.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 1970 March 9.
Review of television coverage of 1970 March 7 total eclipse of the Sun.
* 1975 April 2 - Dyke, Barb V., et.al.
"Saturn Through the Buhl Planetarium Heliostat."
Report of the Alternative Curriculum Astronomy Workshop,
The Tripoli Federation, Pittsburgh 1975 April 2.
* 1982 July 6 - Eclipse of the Moon - Pittsburgh: Total Eclipse --
* 1983 September 24 - Conjunction of Jupiter and Uranus (whereby Uranus can be easily found)
* 1985 June 21 - Annual Summer "Solstice Day" event at Buhl Planetarium
* 1986 Jan. 28 - Challenger Disaster Viewed at Buhl Planetarium
* 1991 July 11 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse
* 1998 February 26 - Eclipse of the Sun - Partial Solar Eclipse viewed in Library Park of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Canegie PA: Partial Eclipse
* 2004 June 8 - Transit Across Solar Disk of Planet Venus - Pittsburgh
* 2005 October 17 - Observation Report (issued 2005 November 1) of Partial Eclipse of Moon, 2005 October 17:
* 2012 June 5, 6:04 to 8:30 p.m. EDT - Friends of the Zeiss and the Mount Lebanon Public Library co-sponsor the century's second and last public observing session of the historic Transit of the Planet Venus Across the Image of the Sun, in the Pittsburgh suburb of Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania. The public observing session took place in the Library's large upper parking lot. Unfortunately, this event was clouded-out. However, Eric G. Canali did display his 8-inch Meade reflector telescope, as well as his 20 x 80 (20 power with 80 mm objective lenses) Celestron binoculars. The public (attendance: 110) was able to view the Transit of Venus via a large-screen web-cast, from NASA, in a lower level Library meeting room.
* 2012 July 11, 4:30 to 7:30 p.m. EDT - Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh participated in the annual "Planet Party," a science educational program for children, sponsored by Assemble Pittsburgh at 5125 Penn Avenue in the Garfield section of the city. Although Mr. Walsh brought a 4-inch Astroscan reflector telescope, to show sunspots on the Sun to the children, this event was clouded-out; Mr. Walsh displayed the telescope at the event. Bill Moutz and Fred Klein, of the Amateur Astronomers' Association of Pittsburgh, also participated in this event, as they did the previous year. Nina Marie Barbuto of the Girls' Math and Science Partnership at The Carnegie Science Center coordinated this event.
History of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Carnegie,
History of the Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library,
History of The
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
History of The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, Illinois
Allegheny City Society,
Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh
Regional History Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
History Cover Page for the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Carnegie, Pennsylvania
Page for The Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Historic Old Saint Luke Church, Burial Ground and Garden, Carnegie, Pennsylvania
The Camelot?[??s International Philanthropy Museum[in planning]
Your Use of Museum's Web Portal, for Searches, Helps Raise Funds for Museum--At NO COST To You!
This Internet, World Wide Web Site administered by Glenn A.
Unless otherwise indicated, all pages in this web site are --
© Copyright 1999-2011, Glenn A. Walsh, All Rights Reserved.
The author thanks The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and the Three Rivers Free-Net for use of their digital scanner and
other computer equipment, and other assistance provided in the production of this web site.
Internet Web Site Credits and Special Thanks.
Contact Web Site Administrator: Jake@planetarium.cc
This Internet Web Site originally created 1999 September 5; moved to Lycos' Tripod.com
domain 2000 August 8.
Last modified : Sunday, 21-Dec-2014 09:06:41 EST.
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