History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.

A project of Friends of the Zeiss

Photo
of Buhl Planetarium in Allegheny 
Square, Pittsburgh

The Buhl Planetarium
and Institute of
Popular Science:
A City Designated
Historic Structure

protected by the
Historic Review
Commission of
Pittsburgh
.

Zeiss II Projector:
Oldest Operable
Major
Planetarium
Projector
in the World !

(Currently
dismantled &
in storage)

Photo
Zeiss II Planetarium Projector in Theater of the Stars of Buhl Planetarium in Allegheny 
Square













Master Index

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PRECISE TIME, WEATHER

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Exhibits

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Physical Plant

Buhl Alumni &
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Bios: Building
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) -
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Projects

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse:
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Quick-Reference Page - Science Including

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& Space Sciences

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Info & Maps

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& Calendars

Health &
Medical Info

History of Science
& Technology

See an Unexplained Object in the Sky? Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss!


Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
This Internet Web Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc > *** Electronic Mail: < Jake@planetarium.cc >


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*

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Pgh. * U.S.A.

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& Mold

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Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss!

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CURRENT NEWS:

Buhl Planetarium / Friends of the Zeiss

Astronomy, Space, and other Sciences


Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related News

Current
Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss
Related Issues

Current
Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss
Related News

Newly-Created Web Pages on History of Buhl Planetarium
and Friends of the Zeiss Web Sites

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Current Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related Issues


Huge Robot Exhibit To Prevent Display of Zeiss II Planetarium Projector

On 2008 April 9, Carnegie Science Center officials announced a new permanent
exhibit, "RoboWorld," will be installed in what was used as space for traveling exhibits
on the second floor of the Science Center. When completed, the exhibit "will be the
largest and most comprehensive robotics exhibit anywhere in the nation," said Science
Center Director Joanna Haas. The exhibit will include Carnegie Mellon University's
Robot Hall of Fame.

In 2002, Science Center officials had promised the City of Pittsburgh that some of this
second floor space, near the
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium (now also known as the
Buhl Digital Dome)
, would be used for a "Final Frontier" exhibit, which would include
display of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor,
the oldest, operable major planetarium projector in the world prior to its 2002
October dismantling. Also included in the "Final Frontier" exhibit was to be another original
Buhl Planetarium artifact, the large Mercator's Projection Map of the World, which was considered
the world's largest such map when first installed at the 1939-1940 World's Fair in
New York City.

The "Final Frontier" exhibit, which was not supposed to be dependent on the
proposed $90 million expansion project which was cancelled in May of 2003, has never
been developed. Nor has there been any word about the future of this proposed exhibit,
which was a major reason why the City of Pittsburgh permitted the Science Center to
remove the Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor and the large
Mercator's Projection Map of the World from the original Buhl Planetarium building.
Now it seems this large, new, permanent robotics exhibit will preclude the ability to
install the "Final Frontier" exhibit next to the
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium.

Friends of the Zeiss has always contended that the best place for the historic
Buhl Planetarium artifacts is the original Buhl Planetarium building, the only place
(due to custom-construction of the building) where the Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor and the
10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope can be fully unitlized
to teach science to children visiting the Children's Museum.

* "Zeiss projector restoration."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2002 Dec. 30.
Regarding proposed "Final Frontier" exhibit.

McCoy, Adrian. "Science Center's 'roboworld' displays real and famous robots in traveling exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 June 14.

Baillie, Ronald J. and Ann M. Metzger.
"Robots R Us, Robotics play a key role in Pittsburgh's present and future." Op-Ed.
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 June 10.
Ronald J. Baillie and Ann M. Metzger are co-directors of The Carnegie Science Center.

Machosky, Michael. "Carnegie Science Center adds Roboworld to permanent exhibits."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 June 10.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 April 29.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny Regional Asset District. 2008 April 28.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Graham, Francis. " Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Letter. To City and County Public Officials. 2008 April 24.

* "CMU'S ROBOT HALL OF FAME."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 April 19.
* Templeton,, David. "Robots coming to life in 2009 exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 April 10.
* Houser, Mark. "Roboworld could cement 'Burgh as robotics capital."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 10.
* Houser, Mark. "Robot exhibit coming to Carnegie Science Center."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2008 April 9.
* "Carnegie Science Center will open comprehensive robotics exhibition."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 7.
* Houser, Mark. "CMU at forefront in building thinking machines."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* "What is artificial intelligence?."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* "Will A.I. work lead to robots taking over the world?"
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* Houser, Mark. "Robots do a little networking."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 9.


* 2008 Feb. - Recent News of Controversy Regarding "Bodies...the Exhibition"
at The Carnegie Science Center,

Including claims of use of bodies of Chinese political prisoners
by the ABC-TV news show "20/20."

* NASA Space Shuttle Atlantis Mission STS-122 Updates Click Here --
Mission STS-122 commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick, who was inspired by
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Walsh, Glenn A. Letters-to-the-Editor:
"About my views." (Last letter of six letters on web page)
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 March 29.
Response to letter-to-the-editor personal attack,
regarding both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium,
published in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 1.
Original, more detailed response was e-mailed to the
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 5.

* Demko, David and Kimmel, Joan. "Belated opposition," Letters-to-the-Editor
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Jan. 1
(Fifth letter of seven on web page)
Glenn A. Walsh Reply (to Pittsburgh Post-Gazette by electronic mail)
to Personal Attack in "Belated opposition" Letter-to-the-Editor,

Regarding BOTH Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

***

* 2007 Sept. 21 - PAT will purchase and raze Carnegie Science Center
warehouse where historic Buhl Planetarium artifacts are currently in storage.

PAT plans to pay $5 million for the Science Center Warehouse Building
(formerly Miller Printing Company), across the street from The Carnegie Science
Center, which includes the popular SportsWorks exhibit, to build an elevated
"Allegheny Station" Light Rail Transit station (part of subway expansion
to the North Side).

Also, housed, in this warehouse building, are several historic pieces of equipment
and artifacts
from Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular
Science
, including the Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, the oldest operable major
planetarium projector in the world !!!

***
* 2007 July 21 - Allegheny Square Plaza Rehabilitation Proposals
Earlier known as Diamond Square and Ober Park, Allegheny Public Square
is the site of the original town square of Allegheny City, in front of the
original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science and caddy-corner to America's
first publicly-funded Carnegie Library, Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny.
** GIANT SUNDIAL SCULPTURE
** RESTORATION OF HISTORIC ASTRONOMICAL INSCRIPTION, FROM THE BIBLE,
ORIGINALLY ON BUHL PLANETARIUM'S EAST EXTERIOR WALL

** ALLEGHENY SQUARE FOUNTAIN AND AMPHITHEATER

***

* 2007 Dec. 27 - NOTICE:
Pittsburgh City Council votes to allow abandonment of America's first publicly-funded
Carnegie Library
, Allegheny Regional Branch, The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh
(formerly Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny), next-door to Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
.

***
2007 - 2008 - News of Controversy Regarding 2007-2008 Exhibit
of Human Cadavers at The Carnegie Science Center
Carnegie Science Center Education Division employee Elaine Catz resigned
her employment due to unanswered questions regarding a traveling exhibit
of human cadavers, from China, which will be displayed in The Carnegie
Science Center for a seven-month run beginning in 2007 October. In the early
1990s, The Carnegie Science Center sold-off Buhl Planetarium's human
anatomy exhibit/presentation, " Transpara the Talking Glass Lady," to be used for
spare parts for a similar exhibit at the Health Museum of Cleveland.

***
* 2007 - 2008 - News Related to Casino Development Next to Carnegie Science Center --
Carnegie Science Center has complained that light from new casino,
which will be next-door to Science Center, might harm viewing at
Science Center's rooftop observatory. In Summer of 2007, an agreement
was reached, which assures continued use of the Science Center observatory.

* Latest news on construction of subway link to serve Pittsburgh's Lower North Side
(where industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie grew-up),
including original Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny (nation's first
publicly-funded Carnegie Library), Carnegie Hall (world's first Carnegie Hall),
and original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

Also:
* News Regarding Pittsburgh Public Transit Agency's (PAT) Service Cuts Effective 2007 June 17,
Fare Increase Effective 2008 January 1.

***

Current Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Historic Mission of Apollo 11
Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time
A Personal Remembrance From 40 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/Apolloremembrance.htm >.

Erdley, Debra. "Pittsburgh pegs zoo, Aviary, Phipps' free water use at $500,000."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 June 24.
1939 newspaper reports indicate that City Council considered providing free water
service to the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science which was
officially dedicated 1939 October 24. Apparently, this proposal never came to fruition;
Buhl Planetarium never enjoyed free water service.

French, Sue. "As the Crow Flies." Column: Deep Sky Wonders.
Sky and Telescope Magazine 2009 May: 48.
Former Buhl Planetarium Floor Manager and South Hills Backyard Astronomers club founder
Eric G. Canali cited for asterism "Canali" (a.k.a. "Canali's Cluster").
The following is an excerpt from page 49 of the magazine column:
* Next, soar 1.1 degrees west-southwest from M104 to the multi-
ple star Struve 1659. In my 105-mm scope at 47x,
I see a 5-minute isosceles triangle of stars with a smaller isos-
celes triangle centered inside it. My 10-inch scope shows
color in all but the dimmist of the six stars. In order of
decreasing brightness, I see them as yellow-white, deep
yellow, pale yellow, yellow, and gold.
* I was first introduced to this sextuplet by John Wag-
oner in the 1980s at the Texas Star Party. He dubbed
the group Stargate, because it reminded him of the
hyperspace stargate used by the hero Buck Rogers in the
1979-1981 television series. Wagoner created and ran the
Astronomical League's Bulletin Board Service, which he
named Stargate. Not surprisingly, others have discovered
this group as well. Australian amateur Perry Vlahos wrote
to tell me he knows these stars as the Double Triangle,
and the book Star Clusters (Brent A. Archinal and Steven
J. Hynes; Willmann-Bell, 2003) lists it as Canali -- named
for Pennsylvania amateur Eric Canali, who calls it "that
pretty little triangle-asterism-thingy."

For a short time in 1939 and 1940, Sky and Telescope predecessor magazine,
The Sky, was co-published by Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science
and New York City's original Hayden Planetarium.

Baltimore, Chris. "Obama quizzes astronauts about life in space."
Yahoo/Reuters 2009 March 24.
U.S. President Barack Obama, along with several Washington-area school children,
quizzed several astronauts in orbit aboard the International Space Station, including
Mike Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium for his interest in
becoming an astronaut.

Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2009 March 5: A3.
< http://finance.yahoo.com/news/ >. Posted 2009 March 4. Viewed 2009 March 5.
(Reprint of 2006 Oct. 18 article)
Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2006 Oct. 18: A3.
(Donna Howell, Technology Reporter, Investor's Business Daily)
Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh is extensively
quoted in this national business newspaper article, regarding the life of
famous 19th century astronomer and lens maker John A. Brashear,
who was a confidant of Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick.

Science/nature traveling exhibit in Buhl Planetarium's Hall of the Universe --
"Exploring Trees Inside and Out," sponsored by the Arbor Day Foundation and
Doubletree Hotels, exhibited 2009 Feb. 6 to May 17 in the Hall of the Universe exhibit
gallery of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building,
now known as the traveling exhibits gallery of the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh:
O'Driscoll, Bill. "Taking It Outside."
Pittsburgh City Paper 2009 Feb. 26.
"Falling leaves in February at Children's Museum exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Feb. 7.
Gormly, Kellie B. "Get to know nature inside out at Children's Museum."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 Feb. 5.

Lowry, Patricia. "City's Friendship Quilt back for show."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 Jan. 24.
Great Pittsburgh Friendship Quilt, created at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium in 1988,
found in basement of Carnegie Science Center's original
SportsWorks/warehouse building, after being unseen for 20 years.
Quilt includes quilt strip dedicated to original Buhl Planetarium Observatory.

Belko, Mark. "Buhl Building signs its first tenant."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Dec. 4.
"Panel OKs Buhl Building restoration."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Nov. 6.
Belko, Mark. "Buhl Building rehab unveiled."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Oct. 24.
2008 Oct. 24 is also 69th anniversary of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, constructed by
the Buhl Foundation after the death of Henry Buhl, Jr.
Lowry, Patricia. "Buhl Building ready for its closeup."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 July 4.
Six-floor office building at 200 Fifth Avenue (corner of Fifth Avenue and
Market Street, Downtown), purchased by Henry Buhl, Jr. in 1923 (built
ten years earlier), whose Buhl Foundation built Buhl Planetarium in 1939.

"Space tourist returns from $30M orbital trip."
CNN 2008 Oct. 24.
"Expedition 17 Crew Returns From International Space Station."
NASA 2008 Oct. 23.
Walsh, Glenn. "Fw: New Crew Blasts Off for International Space Station." E-Mail List Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers 2008 Oct. 13.
Crew includes Richard Garriott, son of former NASA astronaut Owen Garriott
(first son of a former U.S. astronaut to fly into space), and NASA veteran
astronaut E. Michael Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium
for his interest in becoming an astronaut. Buhl Planetarium celebrated 69th anniversary
of dedication on 2008 Oct. 24.
More information and mission updates

Walsh, Glenn. "Historic Plaque Erected on Buhl Planetarium." E-Mail List Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers 2008 Oct. 11

Boren, Jeremy. "Historian focuses on telescope pioneer Brashear."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 Sept. 29.
Also reprinted --
Boren, Jeremy. "Historian Focuses on Telescope Pioneer Brashear."
Sky and Telescope Magazine On-Line 2008 Sept. 29.
Mentions architectural tours of the Buhl Planetarium and old Allegheny Post Office.

"Planning commission OKs several requests."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Sept. 24.
Boren, Jeremy. "Panel approves South Side restaurant."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 Sept. 24.
City Planning Commission approved Science Center Master Plan,
after Carnegie Science Center Interim Co-Director Ron Baillie stated
that failure of the Master Plan to show a Siderostat Observatory on the
roof of the proposed 80,000 square-foot west building addition was simply
because planning for the building addition had not yet reached that "level of
detail." At the request of the City Planning Commission, Mr. Baillie also agreed
to provide the Commission with a copy of the legal Memorandum of Understanding,
between the City and the Science Center, which states that the Science Center
agreed to reassemble and reuse the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope
on their expansion of the Science Center building.
More information
Also see: Sale and Demolition of Carnegie Warehouse for Construction of PAT Rail Station

Walsh, Glenn. "Science Center Master Plan: Siderostat Observatory Missing."
Address. Pittsburgh City Planning Commission. 2008 Sept. 23.
More information
Also see: Sale and Demolition of Carnegie Warehouse for Construction of PAT Rail Station

"Astronaut's son spending his fortune to fly."
CNN/AP 2008 July 31.
Richard Garriott will become the first child of an American astronaut to reach
outer space on Oct. 12. Sergei Volkov, son of former cosmonaut Alexander Volkov,
has been living on the International Space Station since April, Russia's
first second-generation space traveler; Richard Garriott and Sergei Volkov will
return to Earth together. Launching with Richard Garriott in a Russian Soyuz
spacecraft will be NASA Astronaut Mike Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium for his interest in becoming an astronaut. Mike Fincke will be
staying on the International Space Station for his second tour-of-duty,
for six months.

McClelland, Clark C. "A past Space Shuttle ScO, admits ET's are Real.
And this ScO has seen them, himself with another witness!"
Stargate Chronicles 2008 July 29
< http://www.stargate-chronicles.com/release_mitchell.html >.
Clark C. McClelland was an Astronomy instructor at Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium, for several years in the middle of the twentieth century.
Mr. McClelland strongly supports similar statements recently broadcast in a
British radio interview by former NASA Astronaut Dr. Edgar Mitchell, who walked on
the Moon during the mission of Apollo 14. More information:
"Ex-Astronaut: Aliens Are Real and NASA Knows It."
FOX News 2008 July 24.

Belko, Mark. "Buhl Building rehab unveiled."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 Oct. 24.
2008 Oct. 24 is also 69th anniversary of Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, constructed by
the Buhl Foundation after the death of Henry Buhl, Jr.
Lowry, Patricia. "Buhl Building ready for its closeup."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 July 4.
Six-floor office building at 200 Fifth Avenue (corner of Fifth Avenue and
Market Street, Downtown), purchased by Henry Buhl, Jr. in 1923 (built
ten years earlier), whose Buhl Foundation built Buhl Planetarium in 1939.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 April 29.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny Regional Asset District. 2008 April 28.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Graham, Francis. " Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Letter. To City and County Public Officials. 2008 April 24.

* Letters to Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh President Dr. David M. Hillenbrand,
regarding refusal to allow Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh
to tour Carnegie Science Center Warehouse (where historic Buhl Planetarium artifacts
are stored), with Port Authority of Allegheny County tour group:
** Walsh, Glenn A. Letter to Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh President
Dr. David M. Hillenbrand. 2008 April 10.

Letter *** Attachment including Inventory of Buhl Artifacts Moved to Carnegie Science Center
** Graham, Francis G. Letter to Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh President
Dr. David M. Hillenbrand.
2008 April 9.

* Walsh, Glenn A. Letters-to-the-Editor:
"About my views." (Last letter of six letters on web page)
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 March 29.
Response to letter-to-the-editor personal attack,
regarding both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium,
published in the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 1.
Original, more detailed response was e-mailed to the
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette on 2008 January 5.

* Walsh, Glenn A. Letter-to-the-Editor:
"Demanding transparency from local museum." (Second of two letters on web page)
Pittsburgh City Paper 2008 March 19.
Regarding current Carnegie Science Center "Bodies" exhibition,
and the sale, in the 1990s, of original Buhl Planetarium human-anatomy exhibit,
"Transpara," to the Cleveland Health Museum to be used as spare parts
for their transparent woman exhibit.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Response to Personal Attack in Post-Gazette."
Address. Allegheny County Council. 2008 March 18.
Response of Glenn A. Walsh to personal attack in "Belated opposition"
letter-to-the-editor in 2008 Jan. 1 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, regarding
both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Response to Personal Attack in Post-Gazette."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 March 18.
Response of Glenn A. Walsh to personal attack in "Belated opposition"
letter-to-the-editor in 2008 Jan. 1 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, regarding
both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

* 2008 Feb. - Recent News of Controversy Regarding "Bodies...the Exhibition"
at The Carnegie Science Center,

Including claims of use of bodies of Chinese political prisoners
by the ABC-TV news show "20/20."

* NASA Space Shuttle Atlantis Mission STS 122 Updates Click Here --
Mission STS 122 commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick, who was inspired by
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Response to Personal Attack in Post-Gazette."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny County Library Association. 2008 Feb. 18.
Response of Glenn A. Walsh to personal attack in "Belated opposition"
letter-to-the-editor in 2008 Jan. 1 Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, regarding
both Carnegie Library and Buhl Planetarium.

* Rothstein, Edward. "Planetarium Review, Looking at the Stars From Angles Old and New."
The New York Times 2008 Feb. 16.
Regarding Adler Planetarium, Chicago.

* Space Shuttle Atlantis Launched 2008 Feb. 7, 2:45:31 p.m. EST,
commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick, who was inspired by
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science --
** Zapadka, Pete. "Space shuttle commanded by Richland grad lifts off."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2008 Feb. 7.
** "NASA was anxious to get Atlantis flying."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review/AP 2008 Feb. 8.

* LATE Wednesday Night/EARLY Thursday Morning, January 16-17, 2008 -
Former Buhl Planetarium Curator James J. Mullaney will be interviewed
on the nationally-syndicated, overnight radio program, Coast to Coast AM
LATE Wednesday Night/EARLY Thursday Morning, January 16-17, 2008,
which begins at 1:00 a.m. EST (interview will probably occur 2:00 to 5:00 a.m.).
In Pittsburgh, the interview can be heard on WPGB-FM 104.7 MHZ and WPTT-AM 1360 KHZ.
Additionally, you can scan the AM radio dial at night and find the program on numerous
out-of-town AM radio stations from cities such as Charlotte, Richmond, Cleveland,
Des Moines, Philadelphia, New York, Chicago, Albany, Louisville, and Youngstown.
More Details.

* 2008 Jan. 7 - Reuse, by The Carnegie Science Center (beginning in 2007) of original Buhl Planetarium
"Snowballs on Summer Solstice Day" promotion (from 1985).

* 2007 Oct. 23 - The Times-Herald, Newnan GA:
Carnegie Library prospects hailed by an expert on Carnegie libraries, Glenn A. Walsh.
By W. WINSTON SKINNER
(Article appeared under banner headline, at top of first page.)
Mentions Friends of the Zeiss, The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular
Science, and the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector.

* 2007 Oct. - Historic Abraham Lincoln Artifacts Sold-off by
County of Allegheny, Pennsylvania to the
Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center

* 2007 Aug. 27 - Public Statement:
Before Allegheny Regional Asset District
By Glenn A. Walsh:
Children’s Museum Needs Additional Revenue
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version
Utilizing historic Buhl Planetarium equipment and artifacts will produce
additional revenue, to help offest the loss of $200,000 of State funding,
while helping teach Science to children visiting Children's Museum. Also,
money for additional computers would provide more public benefit by being
granted to the library systems' Electronic Information Network.

* 2007 July 19 - New Interactive On-Line Guide to International Space Station --
With video introduction and narration by NASA Astronaut Mike Fincke, who credits
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science for his
interest in becoming an astronaut. Mike Fincke served as a science officer and
flight engineer on the International Space Station during Expedition 9.

NASA News Release *** Science Daily/UPI News Story
ISS Web Site with On-Line Interactive Tour *** Biography of NASA Astronaut Mike Fincke

* 2007 March 27 - News Release:
Science Center Misses Second Deadline to Reassemble Historic Zeiss Projector
Despite $1 Million Planetarium Rehab in 2006

“It is now quite clear that The Carnegie Science Center has no interest
in the historic Buhl Planetarium artifacts and has no intentions of
reassembling them; they do not see display of these artifacts as part
of their mission. All of their ‘delays’ are simply meant to drag-out
the process, hoping that people will forget these artifacts exist—the old adage:
‘out of sight, out of mind’ !” according to Friends of the Zeiss Project
Director Glenn A. Walsh.


Newly-Created Web Pages on History of Buhl Planetarium
and Friends of the Zeiss Web Sites

Walsh, Glenn A. "A Brief History of Analog Television Broadcasting in Pittsburgh."
History of WQEX-TV 16 Web Site 2009 July 24.
< http://andrewcarnegie2.tripod.com/wqex/Brief_History_of_Analog_TV_Pgh.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Historic Mission of Apollo 11
Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time
A Personal Remembrance From 40 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/Apolloremembrance.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Sighting Opportunities -- International Space Station."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 6.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/FAQ/sightopportun/ISS.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Citizen Science Projects."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 June 9.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/FAQ/citizenscience.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Children's Planetarium Shows at
Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 22.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow/children/ >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Foreign Language Festival at
Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow/foreignlanguage/ >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama
At Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 13.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow/bethlehem/ >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Planetarium Sky Dramas at Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science -
The Sky Shows."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 May 13.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/skyshow >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Visit to the Astronomical Observatory of Pittsburgh's Original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science by the
Alternative Curriculum Astronomy Workshop, The Tripoli Federation
1975 April 2
And Annual Workshop Exhibit at Buhl Planetarium."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 March 14.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/observatory/tripolivisit.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium."
History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2008 April.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/art-buhlplanetarium.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Allegheny Public Square Plaza/Park, North Side, Pittsburgh
(formerly Ober Park)."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2008 Jan.
< http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/allegsq/EM-AllegSq.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. ""Firsts" & World Records of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 Oct. 11
< http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/Buhl_Planetarium_Firsts.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.
Quick History and
Current Use of Building by Children's Museum."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 March.
< http://venustransit.pghfree.net/fotz/quickhistory.html >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Challenger Disaster Viewed at
Pittsburgh’s Buhl Planetarium
A Personal Remembrance From 20 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2006 Jan.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/2006ChallengerBuhl.htm >.

Walsh, Glenn A. "Amateur Science Clubs at
The Buhl Planetarium and
Institute of Popular Science
Pittsburgh."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2005 June 3.
< http://buhlplanetarium3.tripod.com/amateurscience.html >.


Astronomy, Space, and Science News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Current Astronomy, Space, and Science News

NASA Mission Updates

Special News Topics

New Books

Radio and Television Programs

Current News:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

News Archives:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

News: Astronomy, Space, Science

NASA Mission Updates--

Launch Schedule *** Current Missions *** Future Missions *** Past Missions

* Space Shuttle Mission Updates: NASA *** CBS News

Mission Updates: Phoenix Probe to Mars Arctic Region
(Phoenix successfully landed on Mars on 2008 May 25.)

Mission Updates: Gamma-ray Large Area Space Telescope (GLAST)
(GLAST successfully launched 2008 June 11.)

ALSO SEE: Current Astronomy, Space, and Science News

International Space Station Viewing Opportunities

Other Space Shuttle Missions:
* STS-126 Commanded by Pennsylvania (Philadelphia) Native Chris Ferguson (2008 November)
* STS-122 - Commanded by Pittsburgh-area native Stephen N. Frick,
inspired by Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium (2008 February)
* STS-118 - Teacher-in-Space Mission Completed (2007 August)
* STS 51-L - Tragedy of Space Shuttle Challenger, as viewed from
Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium (1986 January)

Special News Topics - Astronomy, Space, Science

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Phillips, Dr. Tony. "Longest Solar Eclipse of the 21st Century."
NASA 2009 July 20.
* Wed., July 21, 2009 10:35:21.1 p.m. EDST (Time of Greatest Eclipse--July 22 in Asia)
Total Eclipse of the Sun - Visible in India, China, Pacific Ocean.
SAFE WAY TO VIEW SOLAR ECLIPSE.
Are “hand-made” or “home-made” solar filters or eclipse-viewing glasses safe to use?
How do you find safe eclipse-viewing glasses?

International Space Station Viewing Opportunities
for Pittsburgh: 2009 July 6 to 9.

"Space Station Appearing Nationwide Over July 4 Weekend."
NASA 2009 June 30.

"400 Years of the Telescope."
To Be Broadcast: PBS-TV 2009 April 10, 10:00 p.m. EDST
(Check local PBS-TV station for other dates and times.)

"Space Station Construction Visible in Backyard Telescopes."
NASA 2009 March 17.

"Pretty Sky Alert."
NASA 2009 Feb. 26.

"Be Part Of History -- Help NASA Name The Next Space Station Module."
NASA 2009 Feb. 20.

Phillips, Dr. Tony. "Spectacular Photo-op on Saturn."
NASA 2009 Feb. 19.
Feb. 24: quadruple transit of Saturn's moons.

Cesarsky, Catherine, Pedro Russo, and Lars Lindberg Christensen.
"The Year to Celebrate Astronomy."
Sky and Telescope Magazine 2009 January.

"Biggest Full Moon of the Year." Dec. 12.
NASA 2008 Dec. 9.

"Spectacular Conjunction." Dec. 1.
NASA 2008 Nov. 24.

"Racers Get Ready! NASA's Great Moonbuggy Registration Begins."
NASA 2008 Nov. 20.

"NASA Invites Students to Name New Mars Rover."
NASA 2008 Nov. 18.

Rao, Joe. "Meteor Shower Could Spur Bright Fireballs."
Yahoo/Space.com 2008 Oct. 31.

"Halloween Sky Show."
NASA 2008 Oct. 28.

Klinkenborg, Verlyn. "Light Pollution, Our Vanishing Night."
National Geographic Magazine 2008 November.
Johns, Chris. Editor's Note
National Geographic Magazine 2008 November.
( November Magazine Cover)

Borenstein, Seth. "Scientists view both Obama, McCain as supportive."
Yahoo/AP 2008 Oct. 15.

***

Declaring Saturday, October 11, 2008 "Langley High School Day." Proclamation.
Pittsburgh City Council 2008 Oct. 14.
Related Information

Congratulating Langley High School Alumni Association on Tenth Anniversary. Proclamation.
Pittsburgh City Council 2008 Oct. 14.
Related Information

Langley High School, opened in Pittsburgh in April of 1923, was named for
Western University of Pennsylvania (now the University of Pittsburgh)
Astronomy Professor Samuel Pierpont Langley who directed the original
Allegheny Observatory for 25 years.

***

"Space tourist returns from $30M orbital trip."
CNN 2008 Oct. 24.
"Expedition 17 Crew Returns From International Space Station."
NASA 2008 Oct. 23.
Walsh, Glenn. "Fw: New Crew Blasts Off for International Space Station." E-Mail List Message.
South Hills Backyard Astronomers 2008 Oct. 13.
Crew includes Richard Garriott, son of former NASA astronaut Owen Garriott
(first son of a former U.S. astronaut to fly into space), and NASA veteran
astronaut E. Michael Fincke, who credits Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium
for his interest in becoming an astronaut. Buhl Planetarium celebrated 69th anniversary
of dedication on 2008 Oct. 24.
More information and mission updates

Controversy regarding Senator John McCain's remarks, during the second presidential
debate, regarding requested Federal funding for an "overhead projector" at
Adler Planetarium in Chicago.
- 2008 Oct. 7.

"Barack Obama answers 14 top science questions."
ScienceDebate2008.com 2008 Aug. 30.

Roach, John. "Ten ancient observatories spied from space."
MSNBC 2008 Aug. 20.

Boren, Jeremy. "Pittsburgh filmmaker focuses on observatory."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 Aug. 19.
Film on history of Allegheny Observatory.

"NASA denies rumors of finding life on Mars."
Wikinews.org 2008 Aug. 5.

"Scientists puzzling over chemical found in Martian soil."
CNN 2008 Aug.5.

Covault, Craig. "White House Briefed On Potential For Mars Life."
Aviation Week and Space Technology Magazine On-Line 2008 Aug. 1.

"NASA Spacecraft Confirms Martian Water, Mission Extended."
NASA/JPL 2008 July 31.


Blog: "Solar ‘Olympics’ eclipse watched from around the world."
Los Angeles Times On-Line 2008 Aug. 1.

"Total eclipse provides rare delight."
CNN 2008 Aug. 1.

Total Solar Eclipse August 1 in Asia and Greenland
Partial Eclipse of the Sun in northern North America, Europe, also Middle East and Asia
Safe Way to View Solar Eclipse

"Partial Eclipse, Total Fun."
NASA 2008 July 29.
Sokhareva, Natalya. "Eclipse revives homemade telescopes."
News Daily 2008 July 30.


McKay, Tim. "Go with the flow
What physics tells us about the energy crunch."

Michigan Today, University of Michigan 2008 July 15.

"The 2008 Perseid Meteor Shower." August 12
NASA 2008 July 22.

* "Allegheny Observatory to offer tours, lectures."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 March 24.

* 2008 Feb. - Recent News of Controversy Regarding "Bodies...the Exhibition"
at The Carnegie Science Center,

Including claims of use of bodies of Chinese political prisoners
by the ABC-TV news show "20/20."

* "Sciencedebate2008
A Call for a Presidential Debate on Science and Technology"

Sciencedebate2008 2008 Jan. 11.

* 2009 - 400th Anniversary of Astronomical Telescope
and The International Year of Astronomy 2009

* ALSO -- ADD YOUR NAME TO THE UPCOMING NASA KEPLER MISSION SPACECRAFT.
Name in Space is an activity in association with the International Year of Astronomy 2009.

***

New Books - Astronomy, Space, Science

Nicholas Nicastro,
"Circumference: Eratosthenes and the Ancient Quest to Measure the Globe."
New York: St. Martin's Press, 2008. Pp. xi, 223. ISBN 9780312372477. $23.95.
Review of Book.

Marchant, Jo. "Review: Time in Antiquity by Robert Hannah."
New Scientist Magazine 2009 Jan. 28.

Pelling, Nick. Review of “The Long Route to the Invention of the Telescope."
CipherMysteries.com 2008 Nov. 16.

Acocella, Joan. "The Forbidden World
Did a sixteenth-century heretic grasp the nature of the cosmos?"

The New Yorker Magazine 2008 Aug. 25.

Particle or Wave: The Evolution of the Concept of Matter in Modern Physics

Sacred Mathematics: Japanese Temple Geometry

Radio and Television Programs - Astronomy, Space, Science

Radio Programs:

Daily: StarDate ** Pulse of the Planet (children)
The Old Farmer's Almanac Radio Report

Weekdays (sometimes aired weekends): Science Today (CBS Radio Network)

National Geographic Radio Programs

Computer and Technology Topics - Daily Radio Features:

Kim Komando (Also Weekly Talk Show) *** Bloomberg Bootcamp

Television Programs:

"400 Years of the Telescope."
To Be Broadcast: PBS-TV 2009 April 10, 10:00 p.m. EDST
(Check local PBS-TV station for other dates and times.)

Upcoming Science and Nature Programs on WQED-TV 13, Pittsburgh

Weekly (PBS): Star Gazer *** Nova *** Nature *** DragonFlyTV (children)

Cable Television:

National Geographic Channel *** Discovery Channel * Science Channel

Weather Channel

***

Current Astronomy, Space, and Science News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Current News:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

News Archives:

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss

News: Astronomy, Space, Science

Special Note Regarding News Reports and Links

Phillips, Dr. Tony. "Longest Solar Eclipse of the 21st Century."
NASA 2009 July 20.
* Wed., July 21, 2009 10:35:21.1 p.m. EDST (Time of Greatest Eclipse--July 22 in Asia)
Total Eclipse of the Sun - Visible in India, China, Pacific Ocean.
SAFE WAY TO VIEW SOLAR ECLIPSE.
Are “hand-made” or “home-made” solar filters or eclipse-viewing glasses safe to use?
How do you find safe eclipse-viewing glasses?

Walsh, Glenn A. "The Historic Mission of Apollo 11
Man Walks on the Moon for the First Time
A Personal Remembrance From 40 Years Ago."

History of Buhl Planetarium Web Site 2009 July 20.
< http://buhlplanetarium2.tripod.com/bio/Apolloremembrance.htm >.

"Calif.-based SpaceX launches Malaysia satellite."
Yahoo/AP 2009 July 14.

"NASA Plays Audio "Time Capsule" of Historic Apollo 11 Mission."
NASA 2009 July 14.

"U.S. Human Space Flight Review Committee Announces Public Meetings."
NASA 2009 July 14.

"Shuttle launch postponed for third straight day."
CNN 2009 July 13.

"Space Shuttle Endeavour Scheduled to Launch July 15."
NASA 2009 July 13.

"Committee Chair Sets Teleconference To Discuss Space Flight Review."
NASA 2009 July 13.

Beatty, Kelly. "U.S. Meteorite Hunters Go Bicoastal."
Sky and Telescope Magazine On-Line 2009 July 13.

Word, Ron. "Lightning delays space shuttle Endeavour launch."
Yahoo/AP 2009 July 11.

"Launch of NASA's Space Shuttle Endeavour Postponed Until Sunday."
NASA 2009 July 11.

International Space Station Viewing Opportunities
for Pittsburgh: 2009 July 6 to 9.

"Huge Iraq Dust Storm Seen From Space."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 July 7.

"NASA Probe Looks at Bright Side of Mars."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 July 6.

"Where Tomorrow's Stars Will Be Born."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 July 6.

Sims, Brad. "NASA: it snows on Mars."
Neowin.net 2009 July 6.

Leonard, Tom. "Nasa experts scale back moon and Mars plans in face of Obama funding cut fears."
Telegraph, London On-Line 2009 July 6.

Thomas, Jen. "Israeli archaeologists discover ancient quarry."
Yahoo/AP 2009 July 6.

Heinrichs, Allison M. "Experts: Carnegie missing out on research opportunities with skeleton crew."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 July 5.

Kardel, Scott. "4th of July Fireworks in 1054 A.D." Blog.
PalomarSkies.blogspot.com 2009 July 4.

Dunn, Marcia. "NASA: Fuel test a success, shuttle launch day set."
Yahoo/AP 2009 July1.

de Selding, Peter B. "World's Largest Commercial Satellite Launched to Space."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 July 1.

Beatty, Kelly. "Ulysses Gets a Final Farewell."
Sky and Telescope Magazine On-Line 2009 July 1.

Heinrichs, Allison M. "Carnegie Museum of Natural History paleontologist helps find a new 'link'."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 July 1.

Templeton, David. "Carnegie Museum's research kept going by donations, volunteers."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2009 July 1.

Moskowitz, Clara. "Volcano's Eruption Creates Colorful U.S. Sunsets."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 July 1.

Musgrove, Mike. "Va. Firm to Offer Pocket-Size Satellite Phone."
The Washington Post 2009 July 1.

"India to view longest solar eclipse on July 22."
The Hindu On-Line 2009 July 1.

Gorman, Steve. "Solar orbiter Ulysses ends mission after 18 years."
Boston Globe 2009 June 30.

Spears, Tom. "Canadian astronaut learns way around space station."
Ottawa Citizen On-Line 2009 June 30.

Borenstein, Seth. "NASA manager pitches a cheaper return-to-moon plan."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 30.

"Space Station Appearing Nationwide Over July 4 Weekend."
NASA 2009 June 30.

Moskowitz, Clara. "Uranium Found on the Moon."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 June 29.

"NASA, Japan Release Most Complete Topographic Map of Earth."
NASA 2009 June 29.

Wood, Lamont. "The lost NASA tapes: Restoring lunar images after 40 years in the vault."
Cmputerworld.com 2009 June 29.

"NASA Announces Apollo Anniversary Events, News Conference."
NASA 2009 June 26.

"Space Station Room With a View."
NASA 2009 June 26.

"NASA Gives Media, Public Look Inside Apollo Moon Rock Vault."
NASA 2009 June 25.

"NASA Selects Proposals to Enhance Science Education and Outreach."
NASA 2009 June 24.

"Salt Finding from NASA's Cassini Hints at Ocean within Saturn Moon."
NASA 2009 June 24.

"NASA Moon Impactor Successfully Completes Lunar Maneuver."
NASA 2009 June 23.

"NASA Lunar Mission Successfully Enters Moon Orbit."
NASA 2009 June 23.

"New NASA Missions to Reach Moon Tuesday, Sending Back Live Video."
NASA 2009 June 22.

Lammers, Dirk. "Work begins on world's deepest underground lab."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 22.

Thompson, Carolyn. "Sorry, Paul Simon, Kodak's taking Kodachrome away."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line/AP 2009 June 22.
Kodachrome first commercially successful color picture film: 1935.

Hart, Kim. "Digital TV Switch Is a Boon for One Local Station." Column.
The Washington Post 2009 June 22.

"Donors trying to keep replica war ship sailing in Erie."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line/AP 2009 June 22.

Sun, Lena H. "Timing Next Bus's Arrival Won't Be Guesswork."
The Washington Post 2009 June 21.

"NASA Returning to the Moon with First Lunar Launch in a Decade."
NASA 2009 June 18.

Weber, Bruce. "John A. Eddy, Solar Detective, Dies at 78."
The New York Times 2009 June 18.
In 1976, Dr. Eddy published a paper recognizing the Maunder Minimum,
a period of time "from 1645 to 1715, the surface of the sun was inordinately calm,
with the magnetic storms that often roil it — as indicated by the presence
of sunspots — peculiarly absent."

"Mystery of the Missing Sunspots, Solved?"
NASA 2009 June 17.

Dunn, Marcia. "Hydrogen gas leak forces another launch delay."
The Washington Post On-Line 2009 June 17.

"Fuel Leak Again Postpones Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour."
NASA 2009 June 17.

Bryner, Jeanna. "Fossil Solves Mystery of Dinosaur Finger Evolution."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 June 17.

Daly, Matthew. "EPA declares health emergency in Montana town."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 17.

Boyer, Lauren. "Heinz History Center chosen to run Fort Pitt Museum."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette On-Line 2009 June 17.

"Agenda Released for U.S. Human Space Flight Plans Meeting."
NASA 2009 June 16.

"NASA Sets Coverage for Goes-O Launch on June 26."
NASA 2009 June 16.

Tierney, John. "Golfing Through the Stratosphere."
The New York Times 2009 June 15.

Foust, Jeff. "Preview: Live from the Moon." Film Review.
TheSpaceReview.com 2009 June 15.

"NASA Postpones Launch of Space Shuttle Endeavour."
NASA 2009 June 13.

Nakashima, Ryan. "700,000 callers phone digital TV hot line."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 13.

"Boy Hit by Meteorite."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 June 12.

Dunn, Marcia. "Everything looking up for Saturday space launch."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 12.

Zarrella, John. "With Endeavour trip, NASA to unite 'lucky 13'."
CNN 2009 June 12.

"Space Spotlight: Preparing for liftoff."
CNN 2009 June 12.

Sevensson, Peter. "Friday marks final signoff for analog TV service."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 12.

"Dawn of digital-only TV arrives; analog just a static memory."
CNN 2009 June 12.

"NASA Sets Media Availability for Human Space Flight Committee."
NASA 2009 June 12.

Britt, Robert Roy. "Reindeer & Caribou Populations Plunge."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 June 11.

"NASA's Ares I-X Rocket Achieves Historic Hardware Milestones."
NASA 2009 June 11.

"NASA's Glenn Research Center Ties to Upcoming Space Shuttle Launch."
NASA 2009 June 11.

"Moon Magic: New Tool To Visualize Past, Future Lunar Eclipses."
ScienceDaily.com 2009 June 10.

"NASA Announces STS-127 Prelaunch and Mission Web Coverage."
NASA 2009 June 9.

"NASA Announces Winners in Second Annual Lunar Art Contest."
NASA 2009 June 8.

"NASA Launches Human Space Flight Review Web Site for Public Use."
NASA 2009 June 5.

"NASA Sets Lunar Spacecraft Launch Coverage Events."
NASA 2009 June 5.

"Delayed spacewalk ends successfully."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 5.

"Mars orbiter enters safe mode after disturbance."
Yahoo/AP 2009 June 4.

Chang, Kenneth. "Paul Haney, Voice of Mission Control, Dies at 80." Blog.
Philosophy of Science Portal 2009 June 3.

"The Mystery of Australia's Stonehenge." Blog.
TechnologyReview.com 2009 June 3.

Ghosh, Pallab. "Armstrong's 'poetic' slip on Moon."
BBC 2009 June 3.
Also see: Apollo 11 Lunar Surface Journal: One Small Step.

Klotz, Irene. "NASA plans launch invitations to Twittering media."
Yahoo/Reuters 2009 June 1.

"NASA's Shuttle Program Hands Over Launch Pad to Constellation."
NASA 2009 June 1.

Malik, Tariq and Clara Moskowitz. "Shuttle Endeavour Gets Piggyback Ride Home."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 June 1.

Schneider, Bonnie. "Early storms don't guarantee busy hurricane season."
CNN 2009 June 1.

Keller, Bradley Brooksgreg. "Searches on both sides of vast Atlantic Ocean
for Air France jet missing with 228 people."

Chicago Tribune On-Line 2009 June 1.

"New Station Crew Launches on Soyuz; Briefing From Space on June 1."
NASA 2009 May 27.

"NASA Selects Student's Entry as New Mars Rover Name."
NASA 2009 May 27.

Dunn, Marcia. "NASA scraps landing for shuttle 2nd day in a row."
Yahoo/AP 2009 May 23.

Borenstein, Seth. "Uncertain NASA gets familiar former astronaut boss."
Yahoo/AP 2009 May 23.

"NASA's Space Shuttle Landing Delayed by Weather."
NASA 2009 May 23.

"Tiny seahorse, world's longest insect among top new species."
CNN 2009 May 22.

Levy, David H. "A 1967 Meteor Watch."
Sky and Telescope Magazine On-Line 2009 May 22.
Astronomy program at a boy’s summer camp near Honesdale, Pennsylvania.

Daum, Valerie. "Space Shuttle Crew Bids Hubble Farewell."
Sky and Telescope Magazine On-Line 2009 May 20.

Klotz, Irene. "Hubble's troubles surprised shuttle crew."
Yahoo/Reuters 2009 May 20.

"Six new European astronauts prepare for final frontier."
CNN 2009 May 20.

"NASA Study Shows Asteroids May Have Accelerated Life on Earth."
NASA 2009 May 20.

"NASA Opens Media Accreditation for Launch of Moon Missions."
NASA 2009 May 20.
Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter & Lunar Crater Observation and Sensing Satellite
scheduled for launch 2009 June 17 at 3:51 p.m. EDST.

"Obama's Day: Economy, mortgages, space shuttle."
Yahoo/AP 2009 May 20.
"The president also will talk with the crew of the space shuttle Atlantis."

"Upgrades to extend Hubble's life by 5 to 10 years."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line/
The Washington Post 2009 May 19.

Heinrichs, Allison M. "Geologist couple mine golden discovery at Carnegie museum."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2009 May 17.

Klotz, Irene. "Spacewalkers struggle with Hubble steering system."
Yahoo/Reuters 2009 May 15.

Malik, Tariq. "Space Shuttle, Hubble Spotted Crossing the Sun."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 May 15.

Coulter, Dauna. "Wake up and smell the coffee -- on the Moon!"
NASA 2009 May 15.

"NASA Names Winners in High School Supersonic Research Contest."
NASA 2009 May 15.

Moskowitz, Clara. "First Twitter Message From Space Sent."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 May 14.

"NASA, Newseum Celebrate 40th Anniversary of Apollo 10 on May 18."
NASA 2009 May 14.

Rettner, Rachael. "Monkeys Ponder What Could Have Been."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 May 14.

Dunn, Marcia. "Atlantis astronauts capture Hubble Space Telescope."
Yahoo/AP 2009 May 13.

"Surprise! Daydreaming Really Works the Brain."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 May 13.

"The secret life of penguins revealed."
Yahoo/AFP 2009 May 13.

Malik, Tariq. "Astronauts Spot Small Dings on Shuttle Heat Shield."
Yahoo/Space.com 2009 May 12.

Hanna, Bill. "Parasitic flies turn fire ants into zombies."
Yahoo/Fort Worth Star-Telegram 2009 May 12.

"NASA's Shuttle Atlantis Launches on a Final Mission to Hubble."
NASA 2009 May 11.

Martel, L. M. V. (May, 2009)
"Better Know a Meteorite Collection: Natural History Museum, Vienna, Austria."
http://www.psrd.hawaii.edu/May09/Meteorites.Vienna.Museum.html (date accessed).

"New Horizons Team Remembers Venetia Phair, the ‘Girl Who Named Pluto’."
NASA 2009 May 8.

"NASA Announces STS-125 Shuttle Prelaunch and Mission Web Coverage."
NASA 2009 May 8.

Schmid, Randolph E. "Warning: Sunspot cycle beginning to rise."
Yahoo/AP 2009 May 8.

Barr, Robert. "Woman who named Pluto as girl dead at 90."
Edmonton Sun/AP 2009 May 7.

"NASA Releases Interactive 3-D Views of Space Station, New Mars Rover."
NASA 2009 May 7.

Borenstein, Seth. "White House orders review of NASA space plans."
Yahoo/AP 2009 May 7.

Joshi, Jitendra. "Obama orders review of NASA's shuttle replacement."
Yahoo/AFP 2009 May 7.

Klotz, Irene. "Obama orders review of NASA plan to return to moon."
Yahoo/Reuters 2009 May 7.

"NASA Sets Teleconference To Discuss Human Space Flight Review."
NASA 2009 May 7.

"NASA Announces Fiscal Year 2010 Budget."
NASA 2009 May 7.

Britt, Robert Roy. "World's Smallest Light Bulb Created."
Yahoo/LiveScience.com 2009 May 7.

"NASA's Spitzer Telescope Warms Up to New Career."
NASA 2009 May 6.

"Venetia Phair."
The Telegraph, London 2009 May 5.

"NASA Announces Shuttle Prelaunch Events And Countdown Details."
NASA 2009 May 1.

"NASA and Lockheed Martin Celebrate Space Day 2009."
NASA 2009 April 29.

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss
News Archives Page

News Archive:
News: Astronomy, Space, Science

Special Note Regarding News Reports and Links


Huge Robot Exhibit To Prevent Display of Zeiss II Planetarium Projector

On 2008 April 9, Carnegie Science Center officials announced a new permanent
exhibit, "RoboWorld," will be installed in what was used as space for traveling exhibits
on the second floor of the Science Center. When completed, the exhibit "will be the
largest and most comprehensive robotics exhibit anywhere in the nation," said Science
Center Director Joanna Haas. The exhibit will include Carnegie Mellon University's
Robot Hall of Fame.

In 2002, Science Center officials had promised the City of Pittsburgh that some of this
second floor space, near the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium (now also known as the
Buhl Digital Dome)
, would be used for a "Final Frontier" exhibit, which would include
display of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor,
the oldest, operable major planetarium projector in the world prior to its 2002
October dismantling. Also included in the "Final Frontier" exhibit was to be another original
Buhl Planetarium artifact, the large Mercator's Projection Map of the World, which was considered
the world's largest such map when first installed at the 1939-1940 World's Fair in
New York City.

The "Final Frontier" exhibit, which was not supposed to be dependent on the
proposed $90 million expansion project which was cancelled in May of 2003, has never
been developed. Nor has there been any word about the future of this proposed exhibit,
which was a major reason why the City of Pittsburgh permitted the Science Center to
remove the Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor and the large
Mercator's Projection Map of the World from the original Buhl Planetarium building.
Now it seems this large, new, permanent robotics exhibit will preclude the ability to
install the "Final Frontier" exhibit next to the
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium.

Friends of the Zeiss has always contended that the best place for the historic
Buhl Planetarium artifacts is the original Buhl Planetarium building, the only place
(due to custom-construction of the building) where the Zeiss II Planetarium Projecctor and the
10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope can be fully unitlized
to teach science to children visiting the Children's Museum.

* "Zeiss projector restoration."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2002 Dec. 30.
Regarding proposed "Final Frontier" exhibit.

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Pittsburgh City Council. 2008 April 29.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Walsh, Glenn A. "Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Address. Board of Directors, Allegheny Regional Asset District. 2008 April 28.
Prepared Text *** Large-Print Version

* Graham, Francis. " Science Center Space Lost for Display of Planetarium Artifacts."
Letter. To City and County Public Officials. 2008 April 24.

* "CMU'S ROBOT HALL OF FAME."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 April 19.
* Templeton,, David. "Robots coming to life in 2009 exhibit."
Pittsburgh Post-Gazette 2008 April 10.
* Houser, Mark. "Roboworld could cement 'Burgh as robotics capital."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 10.
* Houser, Mark. "Robot exhibit coming to Carnegie Science Center."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review On-Line 2008 April 9.
* "Carnegie Science Center will open comprehensive robotics exhibition."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 7.
* Houser, Mark. "CMU at forefront in building thinking machines."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* "What is artificial intelligence?."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* "Will A.I. work lead to robots taking over the world?"
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 6.
* Houser, Mark. "Robots do a little networking."
Pittsburgh Tribune-Review 2008 April 9.



* 2007 Oct. 29 - Letter to Allegheny County Chief Executive Dan Onorato,
from Glenn A. Walsh, asking reconsideration of complete transfer of legal
title from County of Allegheny to Heinz History Center, of historic
Abraham Lincoln artifacts.
Includes information regarding City of
Pittsburgh's retention of legal title over historic Buhl Planetarium
artifacts, while loaning artifacts to The Carnegie Science Center.

* 2007 Oct. 23 - Public Statement:
ABRAHAM LINCOLN ARTIFACTS:
SEMI-PERMANENT LOAN
NOT
OWNERSHIP TRANSFER

Written statement of Glenn A. Walsh to members of Allegheny County Council.

* 2007 Oct. 25 - Results of the KQV-AM 1410 News Radio Phone Poll
Do you support the county donating Lincoln’s artifacts to the Heinz History Center?
Internet Results
Yes: 310....33%
No: 623....67%
Total: 933...100%
Phone Results
Yes: 138....23%
No: 458....77%
Total: 596...100%

* 2007 Oct. 24 - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette:
Lincoln's furniture center of debate
By Karamagi Rujumba

* 2007 Oct. 24 - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review:
Allegheny County hands over Lincoln bed
By Justin Vellucci


* 2007 Oct. 26 - MSNBC/AP:
NASA to search files on '65 UFO incident
Government agency fought the move in federal court

UFO incident occurred in suburban Pittsburgh.

* 2007 Oct. 23 - The Times-Herald, Newnan GA:
Carnegie Library prospects hailed by an expert on Carnegie libraries, Glenn A. Walsh.
By W. WINSTON SKINNER
(Article appeared under banner headline, at top of first page.)
Mentions Friends of the Zeiss, The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular
Science, and the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector.

* 2007 March 17 - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette:
Imagining the perfect playhouse
By Rosa Colucci
Including playhouse (with photo) designed to look like original Buhl Planetarium.

* 2007 March 8 - Pittsburgh City Paper:
Letter-to-the-Editor
Driven up the wall
By Glenn A. Walsh, Project Director, Friends of the Zeiss
Regarding fragments of astronomical inscription from the Bible
previously on exterior wall of original Buhl Planetarium,
removed for large window highlighted in Feb. 22 column.

* Reuse, by The Carnegie Science Center (beginning in 2007) of original Buhl Planetarium
"Snowballs on Summer Solstice Day" promotion (from 1985).

* 2007 Jan. 15 - Pittsburgh Trib p.m., page 9:
(Excerpt from half-page, tabloid-newspaper advertisement
by The Carnegie Science Center)
"Snowball Challenge!
Anyone who brings a snowball to Carnegie Science Center on the Summer
Solstice, June 21, will receive FREE general admission. Plan ahead and
make your snowball as soon as you can!"
Reuse of original Buhl Planetarium promotion from mid-1980s !

* Pittsburgh Public Transit Agency Proposes Drastic Service Cuts
effective 2007 June 24, Fare Increase effective 2008 Jan. 1.

* "Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

* 2006 Annual News Update: Buhl Planetarium

* News Release - 2006 Nov. 28:

RAD Denies Taxpayer Funds for Rehab of
Old Post Office Roof, Long-Neglected by Children's Museum

MORE NEWS *** OF SPECIAL INTEREST

OF SPECIAL INTEREST


* NEW MOVIE RELEASES:

** 2006 Dec. 1 - The Boston Globe:
'The Nativity Story'
Which describes the Star of Bethlehem as conjunction of Venus and Jupiter,
one of the alternatives given in Buhl Planetarium's "Star of Bethlehem"
sky show, shown in the original Theater of the Stars 1939-1990.

** 2006 Nov. 28 - IN THEATERS DEC. 22:
"Night at the Museum" *** More info


* Observation of the Impact of Smart-1 from Hawaii
* SMART-1 Info: Euopean Space Agency (ESA)
* 2006 Sept. 5 - CNN/AP:
Europe's spacecraft hits the moon
* NEW - Graham's Corner Weblog Column by Francis G. Graham,
Professor of Astronomy and Physics at Kent State University,
Published Here at the Beginning of Each Month --
2006 July - August: THE SMART-1 IMPACT ON THE MOON
European SMART-1 Spacecraft's September crash on Moon
may be visible to amateur astronomers with large telescopes.
* News Release - 2006 Sept 1:
Space Probe Crash on Moon May Be Visible to
Amateur Astronomers with Large Telescopes Saturday Night

Graham's Corner Weblog Archives

* 2006 June - Reflections Quarterly Publication of the
Mt. Wilson Observatory Association:
ANDREW CARNEGIE VISITS MOUNT WILSON
As Recounted in Newspapers of the Time

(Poor weather obscures view of Halley's Comet
during 1910 March visit.)
By Marilyn Morgan
(Page 4 of the .pdf document)

* 2006 Aug. 28 - News Release:
Children’s Museum Ignores Roof Needs in 2002, During Capital Campaign;
Now Seeks Taxpayer Funds for Old Post Office Roof Replacement

Gutting of Buhl Planetarium facilities received priority over roof repair.

* 2006 July 13 - Port Authority Board of Directors approves "North Shore
Connector" rapid transit extension project, to serve Pittsburgh's Lower
North Side.

*** Pittsburgh's Lower North Side, originally Allegheny City,
is home to America's first publicly-funded Carnegie Library
and the world's first Carnegie Hall, Pittsburgh's original
Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
(which merged with Carnegie Institute in 1987),
and it is the neighborhood where Andrew Carnegie grew-up.

* 2006 March 27 - News Release:
Science Center Misses Deadline to Reassemble
Historic Zeiss Projector; Claims Delay

Also see News Article.

* Latest news on damaged Carnegie Library clock tower
and Carnegie Library intention to relocate first U.S. publicly-funded
Carnegie Library, built by Andrew Carnegie in neighborhood of his youth.

* Latest news on construction of subway link to serve Pittsburgh's Lower North Side
(where industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie grew-up),
including original Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny (nation's first
publicly-funded Carnegie Library), Carnegie Hall (world's first Carnegie Hall),
and original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* Latest news on conversion of last hometown department store, Kaufmann's.
to Macy's; earlier hometown department store, Boggs and Buhl, led to
construction of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.

* 2006 Oct. 20 - National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, Hawaii:
Subaru Earthquake Update
Regards impact of recent Hawaii earthquake on Suburu Telescope,
the mirror of which was produced by L-3 Brashear in Pittsburgh.

Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2006 Oct. 18: A3.
Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2009 March 5: A3.
< http://finance.yahoo.com/news/ >. Posted 2009 March 4. Viewed 2009 March 5.
(Reprint of 2006 Oct. 18 article)
(Donna Howell, Technology Reporter, Investor's Business Daily)
Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh is extensively
quoted in this national business newspaper article, regarding the life of
famous 19th century astronomer and lens maker John A. Brashear,
who was a confidant of Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick.

"John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2009 March 5: A3.
(Reprint of 2006 Oct. 18 article)
Howell, Donna. "John Brashear Kept His Goals In Sharp Focus."
Investor's Business Daily 2006 Oct. 18: A3.
(Donna Howell, Technology Reporter, Investor's Business Daily)
Friends of the Zeiss Project Director Glenn A. Walsh is extensively
quoted in this national business newspaper article, regarding the life of
famous 19th century astronomer and lens maker John A. Brashear,
who was a confidant of Andrew Carnegie and Henry Clay Frick.

-->

From the 2006 National Preservation Conference:

Preservation of Carnegie Libraries as Libraries

* 2006 Nov. 3 - 2006 National Preservation Conference, Pittsburgh
Sponsored by the National Trust for Historic Preservation, with
local sponsorship (2006) by the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation.
Session - Carnegie Libraries: Challenges and Solutions - Presentations:
* "The Architecture of Literacy, Carnegie Libraries in the U.S."
By Mary B. Dierickx, President, Mary B. Dierickx Architectural Preservation Consultants
* "How to Save Carnegie Libraries as Libraries"
By Joe Rizzo, AIA, ALA, Principal, Hillier Architecture
* "Primary Impediments to Historic Preservation: EGO and MONEY !"
By Glenn A. Walsh, Project Director, Friends of the Zeiss

* Pittsburgh Public Transit Agency Proposes Drastic Service Cuts
effective 2007 June 24, Fare Increase effective 2008 Jan. 1.

MORE NEWS

Science News Web Links

CNN *** Yahoo! News: Science * Space & Astronomy *** World Science *** Science Daily

Australian Broadcasting Corp. *** BBC

NASA: Spaceflight News * Science News *** Astronaut Jay Apt

Sky and Telescope Magazine: Link 1 * Link 2 *** New Scientist Magazine

Planetary Science Research Discvoeries *** LiveScience.com

International Planetarium News & Issues

Global Museum "Webzine" *** Museums/Philanthropy News & Commentary

Science Today Radio Program (CBS - Weekdays) *** StarDate Radio Program (Daily)

Nova Television Program (PBS - Weekly) *** Star Gazer Television Program (Weekly)

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

***

* Pittsburgh Public Transit Agency Proposes Drastic Service Cuts
effective 2007 June 17, Fare Increase effective 2008 Jan. 1.

News Related to Casino Development Next to Carnegie Science Center (Spring, 2007)
Carnegie Science Center has complained that light from new casino,
which will be next-door to Science Center, might harm viewing at
Science Center's rooftop observatory.

* NASA Updates: STS-117 Atlantis Space Shuttle Mission (2007 June)

* 2007 May 25 - Pittsburgh Tribune-Review:
Science center ready to take casino operator Barden to court
By Andrew Conte
* 2007 May 24, 25 - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette By Mark Belko:
May 25 - AM Print Edition -
North Shore still split as casino vote nears
Barden extends olive branch to casino neighbors

May 24, 3:31 p.m. - On-Line Edition -
Casino owner promises changes sought by science center
May 24 - AM Print Edition -
Science center says concerns over casino may force lawsuit
ALSO SEE; Additional News regarding proposed casino development next to Science Center
April 17, May 1

THIS MONTH'S
ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR

Past Months/Calendar Archives
Astro-Glossary of Terms Used
10,000 Year Calendar

2009 - International
Year of Astronomy

and
Year of Science 2009

2009 July

Meteor Shower -- S. Delta-Aquarid: peaks July 28.

Moon Phases:
Today *** Calendar Month
Next 27.322 Days
(Orbital Period)

Planets *** Occultations
Constellations *** Star Chart
View ISS (Space Station)

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

* Wed., July 1 - Dominion Day / Canada Day: Canada, 1868 July 1.

* Wed., July 1 - First day of 2009-2010 Fiscal Year: Pennsylvania, July 1.

* July 3 - Aug. 11 (approx.) - " The Dog Days of Summer"

* Fri., July 3, 7:00 p.m. EDST - Venus 7 degrees south of Pleiades Star Cluster (M45).

* Fri., July 3, 10:00 p.m. EDST - Earth at aphelion (farthest point in orbit from Sun): 152,091,221 kilometers.

* Sat., July 4 - : Independence Day: U.S.A., 1776 July 4

* Sat., July 4, 6:00 a.m. EDST - Star Antares 0.5 degree south of Moon; occultation: Japan, Guam, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Hawaii.

* Tue., July 7, 5:21 a.m. EDST - Full Moon: Buck Moon (smallest Full Moon in 2009).

* Tue., July 7, 5:38:36.2 a.m. EDST (Time of Greatest Eclipse) - Penumbral Eclipse of the Moon - Barely visible in most of Western Hemisphere (except northern Alaska, northern and eastern extremes of Canada, and eastern half of Atlantic Ocean), Australia, Japan, and Pacific Ocean.

* Tue., July 7, 6:00 p.m. EDST - Moon at apogee: 406,322 kilometers.

* Wed., July 8 - Mercury at perihelion.

* Fri., July 10, 12:00 Noon EDST - Mars 5 degrees south of Pleiades Star Cluster (M45).

* Fri., July 10, 6:00 p.m. EDST - Jupiter 4 degrees south of Moon.

* Sat., July 11 - World Population Day: UN, July 11

* Mon., July 13, 3:00 p.m. EDST - Jupiter 0.6 degree south of Neptune.

* Mon., July 13, 10:00 p.m. EDST - Mercury in superior conjuntion with Sun (Mercury not visible).

* Tue., July 14, 2:00 p.m. EDST - Venus 3 degrees north of Star Aldebaran.

* Wed., July 15, 5:53 a.m. EDST - Last Quarter Moon.

* Fri., July 17, 11:00 p.m. EDST - Moon 0.5 degree north of Pleiades Star Cluster (M45).

* Sat., July 18, 8:00 a.m. EDST - Mars 5 degrees south of Moon.

* Sun., July 19 - About 2000 years ago in Greece: Date of the heliacal rising of Sirius; mid-way point of "Dog Days of Summer."

* Sun., July 19, 1:00 a.m. EDST - Venus 6 degrees south of Moon.

* Mon., July 20, 10:56:20 p.m. EDST - 40th anniversary of the first human (Neil Armstrong) to set foot on the Earth's Moon.

* Mon., July 20, 3:00 a.m. EDST - Moon 1.6 degrees north of Open Star Cluster M35.

* Tue., July 21, 4:00 p.m. EDST - Moon at perigee: 357,463 kilometers. Large Tides Predicted.

* Wed., July 22, 10:35 p.m. EDST - New Moon: Lunation 1071.

* Wed., July 21, 2009 10:35:21.1 p.m. EDST (Time of Greatest Eclipse--July 22 in Asia)
Total Eclipse of the Sun - Longest Solar Eclipse of the 21st Century --
Visible in India, China, Pacific Ocean.
SAFE WAY TO VIEW SOLAR ECLIPSE.
Are “hand-made” or “home-made” solar filters or eclipse-viewing glasses safe to use?
How do you find safe eclipse-viewing glasses?

* Sat., July 25, 11:00 a.m. EDST - Saturn 7 degrees north of Moon.

* Mon., July 27, 7:00 a.m. EDST - Mars 5 degrees north of Star Aldebaran.

* Tue., July 28, 6:00 p.m. EDST - First Quarter Moon.

* Tue., July 28, 11:00 p.m. EDST - Peak of S. Delta-Aquarid Meteor Shower

* Tue., July 29 - Annual Rain Day in Waynesburg, Pennsylvania: July 29

* Fri., July 31 - Heliacal rising of Sirius (the "Dog Star"); modern mid-way point in "Dog Days of Summer" (however, Sirius not visible until, at least, Aug. 7, due to glare of Sun): July 31.

* Fri., July 31, 12:00 Noon EDST - Star Antares 0.5 degree south of Moon; occultation: northeastern portion of Africa, southeastern portion of Europe, Middle East, India, southern portion of China, Southeast Asia, northern portion of Philippines.

Astronomical Glossary
of Terms Used

Astro Calendar
Current Month

Astro Calendar
Archives

10,000 Year Calendar


NEWS: Planetarium, Astronomy/Sky Events, Space, Science; PRECISE TIME, WEATHER
ASTRONOMICAL CALENDAR: Current Month

Buhl Planetarium/Friends of the Zeiss-Related News

Astronomy, Space, and Science News

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives

Current Sky Events & Astronomical Phenomena

Sun/Moon Rise/Set Times (Pittsburgh)

This Month's Astronomical Calendar

Precise Time

Current Weather (Pittsburgh)

See an Unexplained Object in the Sky? Have a Question About Astronomy or Other Sciences?
Ask an Expert from Friends of the Zeiss!



Images and Information: City of Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session
of the Historic Transit of Venus - 2004 June 8
Co-Sponsored By: Friends of the Zeiss and The Duquesne Incline

New Book: Theaters of Time and Space
American Planetaria, 1930-1970

By Jordan D. Marche II Discusses the beginning of planetarium theaters in America, with some emphasis on the first five major American planetaria built in the 1930s, including Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.


Buhl Planetarium Operated for the Public:
October 24, 1939 through August 31, 1991
[Operated by Carnegie Institute
from January, 1987 through February, 1994]

This Internet, World Wide Web Site is dedicated to the history of a pioneer in the fields of planetaria and informal Science education for the public: The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A. Most people referred to the entire institution as simply "Buhl Planetarium" [except from 1982 February through 1991 August, when it was known as the Buhl Science Center]. This should not be confused with the Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory, located in Pittsburgh's Carnegie Science Center, which is also sometimes referred to as "Buhl Planetarium."

The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science was the fifth major planetarium erected in the United States. The original Buhl Planetarium includes a Zeiss Mark II Planetarium Projector, now the oldest operable, major planetarium projector in the world ! And, this was the first planetarium projector in the world to be placed on an elevator, a fairly unique "worm-gear" elevator custom-built by Pittsburgh's Westinghouse Electric Company, for greater flexibility in the "Theater of the Stars." The Planetarium Theater was also the first in the world to include a stage for theatrical performances !

The original Buhl Planetarium also includes a rather unique telescope specifically designed for public viewing, although constructed at professional observatory standards. The 10-inch "Siderostat-type" Refractor Telescope, dedicated by famous Astronomer Harlow Shapley in 1941, allows the public to view celestial objects from a warm observing room, during the cold-weather months! This telescope is the world's second largest operable Siderostat-type telescope !

The exterior of the building is constructed of Indiana Limestone, with much of the interior walls[and the Foucault Pendulum Pit] composed of Florentine Marble. In the first floor's Great Hall is a large map of the world, originally created by the United States Maritime Commission for the 1939 World's Fair in New York City. At the time of creation, it was considered the largest Mercator's Projection map in the world !

The original Buhl Planetarium, which was dedicated 1939 October 24, closed as a public museum on 1991 August 31. It continued to be used as a tutorial center for The Carnegie Science Center's Science and Computer classes until 1994 February. The building and historic equipment have not been used for the benefit of the public since 1994. The historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope were nearly sold to Navarro College in central Texas in 1995, simply for display as antique equipment; there was no plan to actually use this historic equipment. The Council of the City of Pittsburgh wisely chose to keep this historic equipment in Pittsburgh; the original Buhl Planetarium building, property, equipment, and artifacts are the property of the City of Pittsburgh.

The Pittsburgh Children's Museum, located across the street from the original Buhl Planetarium building[in the 1897 Old Allegheny Post Office building], has presented a proposal to use the original Buhl Planetarium building as part of an expanded Children's Museum/Center. However, currently, the Pittsburgh Children's Museum's proposal does not include retention of the historic equipment or other artifacts remaining in the original Buhl Planetarium building. Dismantling of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope will result, if the current Pittsburgh Children's Museum and Center proposal proceeds without modification.

Although there is a proposal for reassembly of this equipment at The Carnegie Science Center, the author seriously doubts that the Science Center would actually spend nearly one million dollars to make this equipment functional, once again--particularly considering that the Science Center currently has state-of-the-art planetarium and observatory equipment. Hence, under this proposal, if there is any reassembly of the equipment, they would be reassembled as non-functioning, antique artifacts. Considering that this equipment does function in its original installation, where they are currently located, the disassembly and possible reassembly of non-functioning artifacts would seriously degrade the historic value of this equipment.

This historic equipment was custom-built for use in the original Buhl Planetarium building. These two pieces of equipment could not be used elsewhere without duplicating the original Planetarium Theater and the original Astronomical Observatory at a cost of nearly one million dollars.

The author has formed an organization, named " Friends of the Zeiss", to work to preserve the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, and other artifacts such as the Mercator's Projection Map of the World(largest map in the world when created for the 1939 World's Fair in New York City), and the Nat Youngblood mural on the history of steel technology(commissioned by the U.S. Steel Corporation) in the original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science building, located in Allegheny Center on Pittsburgh's Lower North Side. The original name of this organization, "The People's Planetarium and Observatory", was derived from the historic name of Buhl Planetarium's original Astronomical Observatory, "The People's Observatory". For simplicty, the name was changed to Friends of the Zeiss. For legal reasons, it was decided not to include the word "Buhl" in the name of this new organization. The author has told Pittsburgh City Council that a not-for-profit organization, with 501(c)(3) IRS tax-exempt status, will be formed, to raise funds to maintain these pieces of historic equipment and artifacts, if they remain in the Buhl Planetarium building; the tax-exempt status of Friends of the Zeiss is pending. Click here for mission and organizational information about Friends of the Zeiss.

Friends of the Zeiss is currently working to convince Children's Museum and City officials that retention and funtionality of the historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, in the original Buhl Planetarium building, will complement the proposed Pittsburgh Children's Museum and Center. Another group working to preserve The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science is called "Save the Buhl".

Click here to read a brief history of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science. Or click here to go straight to the web site's Master Index.

About the Author

Image of Glenn A. Walsh

The author of this Internet, World Wide Web Site is Glenn A. Walsh, a free-lance writer and Internet web page designer in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A. Mr. Walsh received a B.A. in Journalism, with emphasis in Urban Affairs (Honors Program, Phi Eta Sigma, Phi Beta Kappa), from the University of Kentucky in 1978. Mr. Walsh graduated from the Shaler Area High School in 1974, in the Pittsburgh suburb of Shaler Township, where he was a member of the National Honor Society.

Mr. Walsh heads a new not-for-profit organization, Friends of the Zeiss; he serves as Project Director and on the Steering Committee of the organization. This organization seeks to preserve the functionality of the historic equipment and artifacts of a pioneer in the history of the development of planetaria and museums of the physical sciences, Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, including the Zeiss II Planetarium Projector, now the oldest operable major planetarium projector in the world !

Mr. Walsh has participated in informal science education since 1972, and he has nearly twenty years of professional experience in the planetarium, museum, and public library fields. Much of this experience was with Carnegie Museums and Carnegie Libraries in the Pittsburgh region, where industrialist and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie amassed his fortune in the steel industry.

Mr. Walsh is a noted authority on the life of Andrew Carnegie and the history of the libraries and museums he founded. Mr. Walsh authors an Internet web site on the History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries at URL: < http://www.andrewcarnegie.cc >. Mr. Walsh also served as the Consulting Editor of the 1999 April issue ( Link 1 *** Link 2) of Cobblestone magazine; the theme of this particular issue was the life and philanthropies of Andrew Carnegie. Cobblestone Magazine is a national history magazine for children in the United States, published in Peterborough, New Hampshire.

Mr. Walsh served as a Life Trustee on the Board of Trustees of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall of Carnegie, Pennsylvania (a suburb just southwest of the City of Pittsburgh) from 1995 April 20 (96th anniversary of the legal founding of the Library by Andrew Carnegie) through 2000 June 6. He served one year as the Library Board's Treasurer and two years as the Board's Secretary, and he served as the Library's Historian. He managed the Library's annual Summer Reading Program for young people, in the Summer of 1995, and he taught a monthly, one-day, "Introduction to the Internet" class for library patrons, from 1996 through 2001. Mr. Walsh also coordinated the weekly tours of the Library's Civil War Museum, The Captain Thomas Espy Post, Number 153, Grand Army of the Republic.

Mr. Walsh was employed in several capacities with a pioneer in the history of the development of planetaria and museums of the physical sciences, The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science in Pittsburgh (a.k.a. Buhl Science Center) and its successor, The Carnegie Science Center, from June of 1982 through January of 1992. Among the several positions Mr. Walsh held during this time span were Astronomical Observatory Coordinator (five years); Planetarium Lecturer (three years); and Curator of the "BioCorner" Embryology Exhibit (a Life Sciences exhibit which Mr. Walsh created in 1983 for Buhl Planetarium, at the request of the then-new Buhl President, Joshua C. Whetzel, Jr.), which included the hatching of chicks (and occasionally ducklings) in public view every weekend (and during major holiday periods) year-round (four years). He taught a chicken embryology class in the Summer of 1984. On 1987 January 1, the Buhl Science Center merged with The Carnegie Institute to become one of The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh. A new Carnegie Science Center [constructed on the north bank (i.e. North Shore) of the Ohio River], located one mile southwest of the Buhl Planetarium building, replaced the Buhl Science Center on 1991 October 5.

During high school and college years, Mr. Walsh served as General Manager of an educational radio station ( WLCR-AM Carrier Current), operated by Camp Shaw-Mi-Del-Eca in the Lewisburg/ White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia area, while also employed as a Camp Counselor during the Summers of 1972 through 1977. Mr. Walsh was granted a Third Class Commercial Radiotelephone License with Broadcast Endorsement, by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC), in March of 1972.

Mr. Walsh was the instructor for a radio course, which taught FCC regulations and radio theory necessary for the acquisition of a Third Class Commercial Radiotelephone License with Broadcast Endorsement. In addition to teaching this course to interested campers at Camp Shaw-Mi-Del-Eca during the camping season, he also taught this course as part of a leisure learning program at the University of Kentucky in 1975. Several campers at Camp Shaw-Mi-Del-Eca did take this course and subsequently succeeded in passing the FCC examination for a Third Class "ticket" (Note: The FCC no longer offers Third Class radio licenses.).

In addition to the Board of Trustees of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Mr. Walsh has served on numerous other boards and committees including:

* Allegheny County Library Association (ACLA) Federated Library System - Delegate: 1995-1999

* Southwestern Pennsylvania Regional Planning Commission (SPRPC) Citizen Advisory Panel - 1994-1998

Note: SPRPC is now known as the Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission (SPC).

* Municipality of Mount Lebanon, Pennsylvania Sidewalk Task Force - 1992-1993

* Port Authority of Allegheny County (PAT), Allegheny County Transit Council (ACTC) - 1984-1989 (Charter Member)

* Allegheny Conference on Community Development Transit Planning Advisory Task Force - 1987

* Southwestern Pennsylvania Regional Planning Commission (SPRPC) Citizens' Transit Advisory Committee - 1980-1981

Note: SPRPC is now known as the Southwestern Pennsylvania Commission (SPC).

* Transit Advocates and Patrons (TAP: PAT spelled backwards) - Community organization promoting improved public transportation in Pittsburgh region; dissolved with 1984 establishment of official PAT citizens' advisory council - 1980-1984

Mr. Walsh delivered an invited address, before the Great Lakes Planetarium Association on 2001 October 13, regarding the history of The Buhl Planetarum and Institute of Popular Science, a pioneer in the history of the development of planetaria and museums of the physical sciences.

Mr. Walsh organized the celebration of the centennial of the dedication of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, including delivery of the address on the history of the Library, on 2002 October 8.

Mr. Walsh participated in a three-person panel for the Carnegie Libraries: Challenges and Solutions educational session at the 2006 National Preservation Conference in Pittsburgh, sponsored annually by the National Trust for Historic Preservation and locally (2006) sponsored by the Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation. Mr. Walsh's presentation was titled, "Primary Impediments to Historic Preservation: EGO and MONEY !"

Mr. Walsh authored articles, regarding three historic Pittsburgh astronomers (John A. Brashear, Samuel Pierpont Langley, and James E. Keeler), for The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers published in 2007.

Mr. Walsh contributed the article, "How We Learn about the Universe," in the May/June 2008 issue (page 18 of the 28-page issue) of the new Spigot Science Magazine, an exciting, new, on-line science magazine for young people and classrooms - grades 4 through 7; the theme of this issue was "The Universe." A subscription to this new Internet resource is easy and free-of-charge, and the subscription provides access to all past issues.

Mr. Walsh created and manages several educational web sites on the Internet. He also created the web site of The Duquesne Incline of Pittsburgh; this web site was originally hosted, for educational purposes, on the domain of The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, through their Carnegie Library Community Network/Three Rivers Free-Net, in association with the Electronic Information Network For Public Libraries in Allegheny County.

The Internet web sites of The Duquesne Incline and the historic Transit of the Planet Venus Across the Image of the Sun on 2004 June 8 (adjoining the Friends of the Zeiss web site) are hosted for educational, non-commercial purposes by the new Pittsburgh Free.Net.

To contact the author:

Electronic Mail: < gawalsh@planetarium.cc > or < carnegiefreelibrary@yahoo.com >

Telephone: 412-561-7876

U.S. Mail:

Glenn A. Walsh
P.O. Box 1041
Pittsburgh PA 15230-1041
USA

Personal Resume


History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science,
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania U.S.A.

The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science:
A City Designated Historic Structure
protected by the Historic Review Commission of Pittsburgh.

Zeiss II Projector: Oldest Operable Major
Planetarium Projector in the World !

(Currently dismantled & in storage)

Internet Web Site Master Index

Authored By Glenn A. Walsh *** Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss
Internet World Wide Web Site: < http://www.planetarium.cc > *** Internet Web Site Credits and Special Thanks
This Master Index: < http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com/#Index >
Electronic Mail: < jake@planetarium.cc >

Master Index Categories

General
History

Planetarium &
Observatory

Institute &
Exhibits

Building
Physical Plant

Related
Biographies

Bios: Building
Inscriptions

Astronomical
Events

Other
History Links

Other Important Information

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse:
Tips For Safe Viewing

Quick Reference
Page - Science

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) -
Astronomy and Other Sciences

NEWS: Planetarium,
Astronomy, Space

Web Site
Cover Page

Buhl Planetarium:
Historic Landmark

Oldest
Planetarium?

What is
Friends of the Zeiss?

Friends of the Zeiss Mission &
Organizational Information

"Update" Year-End Report for 2008 December:
Buhl Planetarium and Carnegie Library

News Archives


Organizations Working to Preserve the Historic Buhl Planetarium

Friends of the Zeiss

Save the Buhl

Friends of the Zeiss Response to City RFP:
Buhl Planetarum Equipment & Artifacts

Buhl Planetarium Nominated by Friends of the Zeiss
To Be Historic Landmark;
Historic Designation: 2005 August


Amateur Science Clubs
at Buhl Planetarium

Associated Organization:
South Hills Backyard Astronomers

Images and Information: Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session
of the Historic Transit of Venus - 2004 June 8
Co-Sponsored By: Friends of the Zeiss and The Duquesne Incline

New Book: Theaters of Time and Space
American Planetaria, 1930-1970

By Jordan D. Marche II Discusses the beginning of planetarium theaters in America, with some emphasis on the first five major American planetaria built in the 1930s, including Pittsburgh's Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.


General History -

Web Site Cover Page
Buhl Planetarium "Firsts" and World Records
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum
Brief History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Buhl Fact Sheet
Historical Highlights
History Photo Album
Historic News Articles
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
History of the Lower North Side of Pittsburgh
Henry Buhl, Jr. Biography
Boggs and Buhl Department Store (1869 to 1958) history article
The Buhl Foundation, which funded construction of Buhl Planetarium and subsidized operations 1939 - 1982:
* Official Web Site
* Biography: Henry Buhl, Jr.
* Excerpts from the Last Will and Testament of Henry Buhl, Jr.
* History of Buhl Foundation: Link 1 *** Link 2
* Excerpt: Buhl Foundation Annual Report, 2004-2005 regarding 2005 designation of Buhl Planetarium as historic structure
Allegheny City Hall (circa 1864 to 1937) (formerly occupied site of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science)
Institutional Neighbors of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science
* Allegheny Public Square Plaza/Park (formerly Ober Park)
* America's First Publicly-Funded Carnegie Library: original Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh, Allegheny Regional Branch (formerly Carnegie Free Library of Allegheny)
* World's First Carnegie Hall, now home to the New Hazlett Theater
* Old Allegheny Post Office, now home to the Children's Museum of Pittsburgh
* National Aviary (formerly Pittsburgh Conservatory-Aviary)
* The Carnegie Science Center and U.S.S. Requin Submarine
* Now demolished Boggs and Buhl Department Store
* Allegheny Center Mall and Office and Apartment Complex
* NRG Thermal Natural Gas Steam Plant
* Allegheny Traditional Academy Elementary School and Middle School (originally Allegheny High School)
* Martin Luther King, Jr. Elementary School
* Cardinal Wright Regional Catholic Elementary School (formerly Saint Peter's Elementary School)
Buhl Publications
Proof of the Pudding: Achievements of Buhl Alumni, 1939-1989
Buhl Planetarium Assists in Creation of The Astronomical League
Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago -- Inspiration for The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh Construction of Buhl Planetarium --
* Construction Photographs
* Outer Planetarium Dome
History of Planetaria in the World
Oldest Planetarium ?
Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium

Images and Information: Pittsburgh's Only Public Observing Session

of the Historic Transit of Venus - 2004 June 8
Co-Sponsored By: Friends of the Zeiss and The Duquesne Incline
Pittsburgh-Area Astronauts -- James B. Irwin *** Judith A. Resnik *** Jay Apt *** Mike Fincke
NASA Administrator James C. Fletcher *** NASA Flight Director Heather Rarick
Alumni of Buhl Planetarium
Biographies: Related to Buhl Planetarium and/or Astronomy In-General

1986 Jan. 28: Challenger Disaster Viewed at Buhl Planetarium
1995 May 18: Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College
Friends of the Zeiss Response to City RFP: Buhl Planetarum Equipment & Artifacts
Buhl Planetarium Nominated by Friends of the Zeiss To Be Historic Landmark
Amateur Science Clubs at Buhl Planetarium
Organizations Working to Preserve the Historic Building, Equipment, and Artifacts of the original Buhl Planetarium:
Friends of the Zeiss *** Save the Buhl
Associated Organization: South Hills Backyard Astronomers, Pittsburgh


"Theater of the Stars" and "The People's Observatory" -

"The Theater of the Stars" - Buhl's Planetarium Theater
featuring the Zeiss Mark II Planetarium Projector
The oldest operable, major planetarium projector in the world !
Planetarium Sky Dramas at Pittsburgh's Original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science -
The Sky Shows

Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium

"The People's Observatory" - Buhl's Astronomical Observatory

featuring the Ten-inch, Siderostat-type, Refractor Telescope
Second largest Siderostat-type telesscope in the world!

Eclipse of the Sun: Safety Tips
1995 May 18: Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College
Oldest Planetarium ?
Historic "The Star of Bethlehem" Planetarium Sky Drama at Buhl Planetarium
History of the Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago (Inspiration for Buhl Planetarium)
Histories of Other Planetaria
Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory at The Carnegie Science Center


Institute of Popular Science/Science Center -

Buhl Exhibits, Programs, and Facilities
Annual Reports of Programs, Exhibits, and Attendance
Staff Handbooks
History of the BioCorner Embryology (Chick-Hatching) Exhibit
History of the Miniature Railroad and Village
Amateur Science Clubs at Buhl Planetarium
Historic Equipment and Artifacts to be Preserved
Major Facilities of Buhl Planetarium
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum
Historic Buhl Exhibits Now Displayed at The Carnegie Science Center
The Carnegie Science Center


Building Physical Plant -

Architectural Studies, Floor Plans, and Technical Specifications
Building Overview
Building Exterior Photographs
Photographs of Building Construction
Construction of Buhl Planetarium --
* Construction Photographs
* Outer Planetarium Dome
Major Facilities of Buhl Planetarium
Art in Pittsburgh’s Original Buhl Planetarium
Historical Artifacts and Equipment Which Remain in Buhl Building
Historic Equipment and Artifacts to be Preserved
Buhl Planetarium Property, Equipment, and Artifacts, Legally Owned by the City of Pittsburgh --
* General Information
* Inventory of City of Pittsburgh Assets, Originated at Buhl Planetarium, Moved to The Carnegie Science Center
* City of Pittsburgh Inventory of "Buhl Planetarium Assets" 2002 January 23
Friends of the Zeiss Response to City RFP: Buhl Planetarum Equipment & Artifacts
Buhl Planetarium Nominated by Friends of the Zeiss To Be Historic Landmark
Buhl "Firsts" and World Records
Buhl Planetarium Quick History & Current Building Use by Children's Museum


Alumni of Buhl Planetarium and
Biographies Related to Buhl Planetarium and/or Astronomy In-General -

Alumni of Buhl Planetarium:
* Proof of the Pudding: Achievements of Buhl Alumni, 1939-1989
* Buhl Planetarium Exhibits Staff from the late 1980s
* Jay Apt - Space Shuttle Astronaut
* Christopher J. Bonar, VMD, Associate Veterinarian, Cleveland Metroparks Zoo: Former Buhl director Carl Wapiennik was very kind to me as a teenager in the early 1980's. He let me review the file on the Tesla coil in the Board Room when I was researching it to build a similar one. Because of this interaction, I was able to write to and talk by phone with Buhl Tesla coil builder George A. Kaufmann. He was 88 years old, but still very sharp. With his advice, I was able to build a similar coil, and am still a Tesla enthusiast. I later studied biology at Harvard University and received my V.M.D. from the University of Pennsylvania. Several of my fellow Pittsburghers who were science majors also learned a lot at the Buhl. It influenced generations of scientists....more than anyone realizes!
* Thomas Bopp - Co-discoverer of Comet Hale-Bopp. A Youngstown, Ohio resident, who was inspired by visits to Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science.
* Benjamin Byrer, who painted seven large astronomical murals for Buhl Planetarium's Hall of the Universe.
* Eric G. Canali - Former Buhl Planetarium Floor Manager
* David E. Chesebrough, Ed.D. - President and Chief Executive Officer, Center of Science and Industry, Columbus, Ohio; also see Buhl Exhibits Staff from the late 1980s. Assistant Director of the Allegheny Square Annex (name given to original Buhl Planetarium building, 1991 to 1994), The Carnegie Science Center, tutorial center where Carnegie Science Center Science and Computer classes (including Astronomy classes in the original Buhl Planetaarium Theater of the Stars and Observatory) were taught, until February of 1994 when the classes were consolidated into the new Science Center building and the Buhl Planetarium building was abandoned (1991 to 1994).
* Arthur L. Draper - Second Buhl Planetarium Director (1940 to 1967)
* Norman M. Downey - Former Buhl Planetarium Volunteer Manager; member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss
* Mike Fincke - International Space Station Astronaut
* Francis G. Graham - Professor of Physics and Astronomy, Kent State University; Founder of American Lunar Society
* James B. Irwin - Eighth man to walk on the Moon!
* George A. Kaufmann, builder of Buhl Planetarium's 1,200,000-volt Oudin-type Tesla Coil.
* Jim Krenn - Long-time (since 1988) morning radio personality on WDVE-FM 102.5 MegaHertz; formerly Tour Guide (Floor Aide) at Buhl Planetarium.
* Caroljo Lee Henderson - Former Buhl Planetarium Public Relations Director
* Alice L. Lin - Former Buhl Planetarium Floor Aide - Photos at Thomas Jefferson High School graduation: Image 1 * Image 2 * Image 3
* Clark McClelland - Former Astronomy instructor at Buhl Planetarium; Mr. McClelland's web site: Stargate Chronicles.
* Herman Mike - Served on the Maintenance staff of Buhl Planetarium from 1958 to 1991, after the closure of Boggs and Buhl Department Store, where he was employed in a similar capacity.
* Barry M. Mitnick, Ph.D. - Buhl Planetarium supporter and member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss
* James J. Mullaney - Started teaching at original Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science and observing at the University of Pittsburgh's Allegheny Observatory at age 16! By the late 1960s and early 1970s he was Curator of Exhibits and Astronomy at Buhl Planetarium and Staff Astronomer at Allegheny Observatory. Also see radio interview and 1970 eclipse.
* Mike Murray, Programs Manager, Clark Planetarium, Salt Lake City -
"Wow, I wish I would have known about this publication ("Lives Touched...Worlds Changed," Fifty Years of Alumni Achievements at Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium) when it was being produced. I could have contributed! My very first planetarium experience was at the old Buhl in 1965, at 7 years old. (There, now you know how old I really am!) For me, it was definitely a life- altering moment. It was a basic sky show, but the sensation of the domed theater, the realism of the sky, the drama of the presentation, the opening of the mind - all of those emotions come rushing back whenever I think of it. It's certainly the reason I became interested in science, pursuing a career in astrophysics and then to science communications. But there was something about the "soul" of the show presenter - there was an awe-inspiring drama to the presentation that made it feel special, captivating, eye-opening. It was those attributes of the show that "got me," and I've been trying to re- create those sensations for others in every show I do. Thank you Buhl Planetarium..." (2008 September 3)
* Paul Oles (Olejniczak) - Third Buhl Planetarium Director (1967 to 1991).
* Gary Purinton, retired Planetarium Teacher (retired after 25 years in June of 2005) at Falls Church High School, Fairfax County Public Schools, Virginia (suburban Washington, D.C.), now living back in his home town of Clarion, Pennsylvania (about 60 miles north of Pittsburgh). He was the originator of the Fairfax County School System Planetarium Web Site and also served as Vice-President of the Analemma Society:
"I wish I'd known about the Buhl Planetarium book, too (also see entry for Mike Murray). My first experience was probably at about seven years of age, too. However, that would have been 1957 for me. Every time my parents hinted that we might make the two hour trip down to Pittsburgh, I started begging them to go to the Buhl. I'm sure the experience contributed to my interest in science, but even more sure that it inspired me to eventually become a planetarian." (2008 September 4)
* Martin Ratcliffe - Fourth Buhl Planetarium Director (1991).
* Paul M. Ricker - Assistant Professor of Astronomy at the University of Illinois and a Research Scientist at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA). Formerly a student volunteer for the Astronomical Observatory at the original Buhl Planetarium.
* Gwen (Jennifer Katherine) Roolf - 1984 Buhl Planetarium youth volunteer, who participated in research with the California and Carnegie Planet Search Project in 2005.
* Yuri A. Saito-Loftus, M.D. - Volunteer at original Buhl Planetarium; Medical Researcher at Mayo Clinic
* Leo J. Scanlon - Co-Founder of Amateur Astronomers' Association of Pittsburgh; One of first two Buhl Planetarium Lecturers (the other was Allegheny Observatory Director Nicholas E. Wagman) * Garth E. Schafer - Computer Learning Lab Volunteer and later Manager (1984 to 1991).
* James S. Stokley - First Buhl Planetarium Director (1939 to 1940)
* David Topper - Professor of History of Science, University of Winnipeg
* Glenn A. Walsh - Former Buhl Planetarium Lecturer and Astronomical Observatory Coordinator; member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss; and Author of this Internet Web Site
* Carl F. Wapiennik, retired in 1983 as Vice President, Operations, of then-newly renamed Buhl Science Center.
* Nicholas E. Wagman - One of the first two Buhl Planetarium Lecturers (the other was Amateur Astronomers' Association of Pittsburgh Co-founder Leo J. Scanlon) when Buhl Planetarium opened in 1939; at the time he was Director of the Allegheny Observatory.
* John D. Weinhold - Former Buhl Planetarium Observatory volunteer; member of Steering Committee of Friends of the Zeiss
* Joseph Yeager, Ph.D. - Chairman of Sommer Consulting, Inc., a licensed psychologist, a venture capitalist, a Diplomate of the American College of Forensic Examiners (ACFE) and a national board member of the ACFE division, the American Board of Law Enforcement Experts (ABLEE). Dr. Yeager credits his career choice to the original Buhl Planetarium and lectures by long-time Planetarium Director Arthur Draper.

* Pittsburgh-Area Astronauts -- James B. Irwin *** Judith A. Resnik *** Jay Apt *** Mike Fincke

NASA Administrator James C. Fletcher *** NASA Flight Director Heather Rarick

* Tycho Brahe - 16th century Astronomer:

Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Tycho Brahe's Mural Quadrant"
* John A. Brashear - Astronomer, Educator, Optician -- Web Site *** Biographical Fact Sheet * Henry Buhl, Jr. - Bequest created Buhl Foundation which built Buhl Planetarium
* Frank Tisdale Bretherton - Construction Superintendent for the erection of Buhl Planetarium's exterior dome
* Madame Maria Sklodowska Curie - A Polish Scientist; Discoverer of Elements Radium and Polonium.
* Jeremiah Dixon - Surveyor and Astronomer, who with fellow Englishman Charles Mason (Astronomer and acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin) surveyed the famous Mason-Dixon Line, 1763-1767, as the official boundary line between the English colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland--as well as a small portion of the line eventually forming the official boundary between the American states of Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia), and an extension of this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia.
* Jean Bernard Léon Foucault - Inventor of Foucault Pendulum and Siderostat-type Telescope (Both at original Buhl Planetarium)
* Benjamin Franklin - Famous author, printer, scientist, inventor, politician, diplomat, nation's first Postmaster General, and one of the leading founders of the United States of America. He was an acquaintance of English Astronomer Charles Mason who surveyed the Mason-Dixon Line.
* Edmond Halley - English Astronomer who first calcuated orbit of Halley's Comet. The Astronomical Observatory of Pittsburgh's original Buhl Planetarium provided special observing nights for the public to view Halley's Comet during the apparition of Autumn, 1985 through Spring,, 1986. In addition to Buhl Planetarium's primary telescope, the 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope, a 13-inch Dobsonian Reflector Telescope was also purchased for the "Halley Watch" program and used on the east and west outdoor wings of the Observatory. On certain evenings, people stood in line, in the first floor's Great Hall, for more than an hour to have the opportunity to view Halley's Comet through one of Buhl Planetarium's telescopes. As the 1985-1986 apparition of Halley's Comet did not come as close to Earth as did the 1910 apparition [when John Brashear hosted telescope observing of Halley's Comet at the new Allegheny Observatory], Buhl Planetarium could not guarentee how good a view could be seen through the telescopes by the public, and hence, only charged one dollar for the Comet viewing. Although, at this time, Buhl Planetarium's third floor Observatory was not accessible to wheelchairs [visitors had to climb steps to reach the second and third floors], on a couple occasions when a wheelchair patron wished to view the Comet, several staff members and volunteers simply carried the patron, wheelchair and all, up the steps to the Observatory. Regular weekly, evening public observing sessions [every Friday evening (7:30 p.m. to 10:30 p.m., following the 7:00 p.m. planetarium show), weather-permitting, year-round] in Buhl Planetarium's Observatory were restored about a month [1986 June 13] following the conclusion of the "Halley Watch."
* Elisabetha Hevelius - Wife and observatory assistant of Johannes Hevelius:
Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Observatory of Hevelius"
* Johannes Hevelius - 17th century Astronomer; husband of Elisabetha:
Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Observatory of Hevelius"
* James Edward Keeler - Director of Allegheny Observatory (1891); Pioneered Astronomical Spectroscopy * Sameuel Pierpont Langley - Director of Allegheny Observatory (1867); Secretary of Smithsonian Institution (1887)
Developed new science of Astrophysics; pioneered heavier-than-air motorized flight
* Charles Mason - Astronomer, an acquaintance of Benjamin Franklin, who with fellow Englishman Jeremiah Dixon surveyed the famous Mason-Dixon Line, 1763-1767, as the official boundary line between the English colonies of Pennsylvania and Maryland--as well as a small portion of the line eventually forming the official boundary between the American states of Pennsylvania and Virginia (now West Virginia), and an extension of this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia.
* David Rittenhouse - Renowned American Astronomer and Surveyor, from Philadelphia, who completed the survey of the Mason-Dixon Line in 1784, to the now-existing southwest corner of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (problems with area Indians had prevented Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon from completing the survey in 1767). Later surveyors extended this line to the Ohio River forming the boundary between Marshall and Wetzel Counties in present-day West Virginia.
* Harlow Shapley - Noted 20th Century Astrononer: Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** Bio 3
Keynote Speaker at Dedication of Buhl Planetarium Observatory
* Daniel Owen Stephens - Pennsylvania Astronomical Artist and Architect, Whose Paintings Were Displayed at Buhl Planetarium, 1939-1991:
Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** List of Paintings Displayed at Buhl Planetarium

Astronomers Whose Names Are Inscribed on Buhl Planetarium Exterior Walls,

Below Outer Planetarium Dome -
* Sir Isaac Newton
* Galileo Galilei: Bio 1 *** Bio 2
* Johannes Kepler: Bio 1 *** Bio 2 *** Quotes
* Tycho Brahe: Bio *** Classic Buhl Planetarium Astronomy exhibit "Tycho Brahe's Mural Quadrant"
* Nicolaus Copernicus: Bio *** Info Regarding Portrait Displayed at Buhl Planetarium
* Claudius Ptolemy: Bio 1 *** Bio 2
* Hipparchus


Major Astronomical Events Observed by --
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science or Friends of the Zeiss

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse: Tips For Safe Viewing

Important days in history of universe

* 1970 March 7 - Eclipse of the Sun
Buhl Planetarium Curator of Exhibits and Astronomy, James J. Mullaney, observed this Total Eclipse of the Sun within the path
of totality, at the Association for Research & Enlightenment (A.R.E.), 215 67th Street in Virginia Beach, Virginia.
Also, due to its occurance on a Saturday [late morning/early afternoon], when regular weekday
television programs [i.e. "soap operas"] would not be pre-empted, the Totality portion
of this Eclipse was broadcast, live, on two American television networks:
* NBC-TV, televised in color from Mexico
[sponsored by the Gulf Oil Corp., which also sponsored NBC-TV coverage of
manned space exploration missions in the 1960s and early 1970s]
* CBS-TV, televised in black-and-white from Florida
* 1972 July 10 - Eclipse of the Sun - White Sulphur Springs WV: Partial Eclipse
Radio reception experiment during Eclipse of Sun.
Anecdote: Eclipse mentioned in popular song before event!
* 1975 April 2 - Dyke, Barb V., et.al. "Saturn Through the Buhl Planetarium Heliostat."
Report of the Alternative Curriculum Astronomy Workshop,
The Tripoli Federation, Pittsburgh 1975 April 2.
* 1982 July 6 - Eclipse of the Moon - Pittsburgh: Total Eclipse --
Buhl Planetarium: Observing Party for Buhl Members
* 1983 September 24 - Conjunction of Jupiter and Uranus (whereby Uranus can be easily found)
* 1985 June 21 - Annual Summer "Solstice Day" event at Buhl Planetarium
* 1986 Jan. 28 - Challenger Disaster Viewed at Buhl Planetarium
* 1991 July 11 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse
Radio reception experiment during Eclipse of Sun.
News article from the 1991 July 11 issue of the Pittsburgh Tribune-Review
* 1994 May 10 - Eclipse of the Sun - Northeast, Erie County PA (Mercyhurst College Observatory): Annular Eclipse
Observed by Glenn A. Walsh and John D. Weinhold.
Part of this eclipse was broadcast, live, on Erie television station WJET-TV 24.
* 1995 May 18 - Citizens Stop Sale of Buhl Planetarium's historic Zeiss II Planetarium Projector and 10-inch Siderostat-type Refractor Telescope to Out-of-State College
* 1998 February 26 - Eclipse of the Sun - Carnegie PA (Library Park, Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall): Partial Eclipse
Eclipse Photos
* 2000 December 25 - Eclipse of the Sun - Mt. Lebanon PA: Partial Eclipse
Observed by Glenn A. Walsh
* 2001 December 14 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse
* 2002 June 10 - Eclipse of the Sun - Pittsburgh: Partial Eclipse
* 2004 June 8 - Transit Across Solar Disk of Planet Venus - Pittsburgh
* 2004 October 27 - Eclipse of the Moon - Pittsburgh: Total Eclipse (Deep Eclipse)
* 2005 April 8 - Eclipse of the Sun - East Pittsburgh PA (Christine Alley Observatory): Partial Eclipse (Very Slight)
* 2005 July 26 - Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science Designated City Historic Landmark: Link 1 *** Link 2
* 2005 October 17 - Observation Report (issued 2005 November 1) of Partial Eclipse of Moon, 2005 October 17:
Observer: Professor Francis G. Graham, Kent State University
(also Founder of the American Lunar Society and
Steering Committee member, Friends of the Zeiss)
Location: Beall Hall, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio
(Beall Hall: 285 degrees Azimuth; Moonset was at 283 degrees Azimuth)
Photograph: Part of Moon in Umbra, shortly after U1 contact.

Eclipse of the Sun / Solar Eclipse: Tips For Safe Viewing

Professional Conferences Attended by Friends of the Zeiss


Other History Links

History of Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries

History of Astronomer, Educator, and Optician John A. Brashear

Friend of Andrew Carnegie

History of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

Fourth library constructed and endowed by Andrew Carnegie.

History of the Civil War Museum of the Andrew Carnegie Free Library, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

Captain Thomas Espy Post, Number 153, Grand Army of the Republic

Antique Telescope Society and information regarding the Society's September, 2001 Convention in Pittsburgh.

History of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

America's Fifth Major Planetarium
Including oldest, operable major planetarium projector in the world !

History of the Astronomical Observatory of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh
Including second largest Siderostat-type telescope.

History of the Great Miniature Railroad and Village of The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pgh.

History of The Adler Planetarium and Astronomy Museum, Chicago, Illinois

America's First Major Planetarium

History of the Allegheny Observatory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania - Link 1 *** Link 2

History of the Lower North Side of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Allegheny City Society, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Preserving the history of Allegheny City and Pittsburgh's North Side

Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Senator John Heinz Pittsburgh Regional History Center, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Operated by the Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania

Andrew Carnegie and Carnegie Libraries Photo Album

History Cover Page for the Andrew Carnegie Free Library and Music Hall, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

History Cover Page for The Duquesne Incline, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Historic cable car railway serving commuters and tourists since 1877 !

Historic Old Saint Luke Church, Burial Ground and Garden, Carnegie, Pennsylvania

The Camelot?[??s International Philanthropy Museum[in planning]
Your Use of Museum's Web Portal, for Searches, Helps Raise Funds for Museum--At NO COST To You!

Quick-Reference Page - Historic Attractions

Other Related Links


Authored By Glenn A. Walsh
Sponsored By Friends of the Zeiss

This Internet Web Page: < http://buhlplanetarium.tripod.com >
Internet Web Cover Page: < http://www.planetarium.cc >
Electronic Mail: < Jake@planetarium.cc >

Internet Web Site Master Index for the History of
The Buhl Planetarium and Institute of Popular Science, Pittsburgh


Disclaimer Statement: This Internet Web Site is not affiliated with the Andrew Carnegie Free Library,
Ninth Pennsylvania Reserves Civil War Reenactment Group, Henry Buhl, Jr. Planetarium and Observatory,
The Carnegie Science Center, The Carnegie Museums of Pittsburgh/Carnegie Institute, or The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh.

This Internet, World Wide Web Site administered by Glenn A. Walsh.
Unless otherwise indicated, all pages in this web site are --
(C) Copyright 1999-2008, Glenn A. Walsh, All Rights Reserved.
The author thanks The Carnegie Library of Pittsburgh and the Three Rivers Free-Net for use of their digital scanner and
other computer equipment, and other assistance provided in the production of this web site.
Internet Web Site Credits and Special Thanks.
Contact Web Site Administrator: Jake@planetarium.cc

This Internet Web Site originally created 1999 September 5; moved to Lycos' Tripod.com domain 2000 August 8.
Last modified : Friday, 24-Jul-2009 13:59:43 EDT.
You are visitor number , to this web page, since 2000 August 8.